Tartar in dogs: prevention and treatment
A good owner needs to take care of the teeth of your pet, as failure to comply with this requirement, the animal can cause serious problems. Tartar in dogs is not only dangerous in itself – in the absence of treatment the infection is able to affect the gastrointestinal tract. A significant argument to doubt the benefits of prevention – the high cost of dental care animal.
Tartar in dogs is most likely to occur for the following reasons:
- Wrong feeding liquid food or particulate feeds.
- The use of harmful products – flour and sweet.
- Violation of the regime of power – "mesocyclone".
- The low activity of the animal.
- Lack of prevention.
If your diet is wrong food residues clog up the mouth of the animal, there is an active multiplication of bacteria with pathogenic organisms – all this leads to the formation of plaque, Tartar and further migration of the infection.
Tartar in dogs, like many other diseases, it is easier to prevent than to treat. Preventive measures include:
- The use of pelleted feeds.
- A diet consisting of two-time meal.
- Regularly brushing your teeth.
- The use of bones, rope toys to chew – variety of cleaning tools.
- A visit to a veterinary clinics that are dentistry for dogs.
If the animal feeds on liquid food, the rate of occurrence of Tartar, and other teeth diseases increases. In order for the stomach to work better and however to prevent Tartar, you should combine diet, allowing the animal to chew food for a long time. It is more likely to give strong bones, raw vegetables and fruits whole, which helps cleanse the teeth.
An excellent prevention are chewing rope toys. Often they are made of strong thread, twisted into a knot, is great to remove plaque and clean the gums. Toys can be made of rubber with spikes or leather of cattle. Such measures contribute to plaque removal. Frequent use of all sorts of toy does not allow for its accumulation. In addition, modern tools can be impregnated with mint flavors, thanks to which the breathing of the animal will be fresh.
When choosing the bones and toys you need to keep in mind the size of the animal. It will be important and the condition of the teeth at the moment – too hard or large objects may damage the oral cavity.
The most effective means of fight against plaque is regular brushing in dogs. Depending on the breed, carry out the procedure may be recommended daily. Usually this is done 1-2 times every month. In this case, the owner should always examine the teeth and gums of the animal.
Animal, especially large ones, must from an early age to accustom to constant inspections to teach the command "teeth". To choose the means to care today is very easy – each shop has a huge choice of brushes and pastes. You can select the products based on aromas, pleasant to the owner, or the taste, pleasant to the dog.
The brush should choose soft or medium. The perfect solution – the purchase of two brushes. One of them will serve for the cleaning, the second it is possible to massage the gums. Dog's teeth have a structure that is different from ours, so it is not necessary to buy her "human" brush.
Also teeth cleaning in dogs at home done with a bandage or gauze, which is applied to the solution of hydrogen peroxide, baking soda. If the animal has heart disease or kidney disease, soda is not recommended.
Brush your teeth at home is quite difficult, as the dog may resist unpleasant procedure and unpleasant taste of cleaning products. When brushing your teeth gums may slightly bleed.
Veterinarians say that Tartar in dogs – the most common disease. Its essence is the colony of bacteria living in the tooth enamel of an animal. At first it's easy plaque, over time, it becomes denser and harder, acquiring a yellow or brown color. Reacts with the calcium of the teeth, this substance is gradually mineralized.
If the owner noticed a bad smell from the mouth of the animal, dark plaque on the teeth, restlessness, fever – we can talk about the emergence of the disease. Most often it occurs in the Spaniel, Spitz, Terriers, dachshunds and Pekingese.
Tartar affects the enamel, so there is irritation and inflammation of the oral mucosa. The first to suffer a back surface of the teeth where they can stay food particles.
Disease develops most often in middle-aged animals. Causes is heredity and the violation of the feeding regime.
Removal of Tartar in dogs at home is possible in the early stages. For this purpose, herbal medicine and folk remedies. Apply solutions of chamomile, sage, and elderberry. Actively use fitovinany. To physical damage apply the club soda with herbs.
Very often to maintain the state's recommended to use a specialized feed, which prevent the occurrence of plaque or significantly slow down his education.
In any case can not be used to remove a metal instrument or stiff brush. Such measures will lead to the destruction of the teeth and the heavy bleeding of the gums.
Removal of Tartar in dogs that have fallen in the moderate and severe stage, it must spend in the clinic. Treatment involves professional removal of Tartar, treatment of gum disease, antibacterial course and that complications occur, and removal of severely damaged teeth.
Removal is performed under General anesthesia. This gives you the ability to quickly and efficiently carry out the procedure, reducing discomfort for the animal.
Dentistry for dogs offers ultrasonic teeth cleaning. This gives you the opportunity to preserve the color and natural enamel. After this procedure the pet's teeth are polished and covered to prevent solution of fluoride.
The regularity of cleaning, prevention, examinations, doctor – that's the key to the dental health of the animal.