Lesson in the preparatory group on the theme of Autumn
Those parents, whose children attend kindergarten, probably know that once a year there is a lesson in the preparatory group on the theme "Autumn". It is compulsory. Educators prepare the program. Sometimes such an event takes place in the form of a morning performance, an autumn ball. The hall is beautifully decorated, parents are invited, and children learn and discover many new moments in a playful form. For example, signs associated with the fall, holidays, falling on this time of year, and much more. About how the preparation for the occupation takes place and what needs to be paid special attention to educators, let's talk in the article.
An example of a group session on "Autumn"
Since the children of the preparatory group are the oldest in the garden (their age is from 6 to 7 years), educators are actively preparing the kids for the beginning of the educational process. While all lessons and activities take place in a game form. Children are taught to write, read, count, ask home exercises. Separately, I want to note the creative activities, in which the children can express themselves and reveal their talents.
An example of an ideal lesson on "Autumn" can be the following scenario:
Children are offered to go on an interesting journey. But at what time of year they will fall, you can find out by guessing the riddle.
The guys are in a beautifully decorated room, in the center is a glade with hemp, where children discover a letter with questions about the autumn. A discussion takes place in a discussion form. The kids are offered to be divided into two teams. For every correct answer a small prize is given (apple, acorn, autumn leaf).
The preparatory group in the kindergarten is the home stretch before the school. Therefore, children need to develop creatively. In this abstract there is a dance (autumn waltz). If children do not have choreographic tendencies, you can invite them to sing a song, tell a verse.
In the game form are quizzes, games, fun starts.
Farewell to the fall, securing the material, receiving gifts.
Is it applicable to thematic planning?
Thematic planning in the preparatory group is a separate topic for conversation. The pedagogical collective thinks in advance and makes the plan of studies. The topics of the lessons are completely different. Teachers are faced with the task of revealing the child comprehensively. And that's fine. After all, all the guys are different. Each of them is an already formed personality with its own character. For some, the topic of experiments is interesting, the study of galaxies and planets, others like sports, dances and other.
There are mandatory topics that educators try to bring to the guys on the matinees. For example, New Year, Victory Day, Autumn Ball and other holidays. At these events parents can visit and see with their own eyes what creative successes his child has achieved.
Thematic planning in the preparatory group takes place under the strict control of the Ministry of Education. Teachers act according to the approved annual plan.
For what purposes do classes on the theme "Autumn" take place?
Lesson in the preparatory group on "Autumn" is mandatory. Every year it passes by a new scenario. The goals are clear to all: to expand the children's view of the time of the year, to learn new signs, poems, and expand the horizon of the child.
The main tasks facing educators are:
Explain in detail to children what changes occur with nature in the autumn, why leaves turn yellow. Get acquainted with the terms "photosynthesis", "chlorophyll" and others. This allows the children to plunge into biology a little.
Develop a discussion with the children, teach them to prove and defend their point of view. To ensure that the child competently and correctly arranges proposals, used in his speech participial and adverbial movements.
With the help of game cards to develop memory.
Do research work. Under a microscope, study the structure of the leaf and the bark of the tree.
The list of tasks and goals may be extended or changed, at the discretion of the caregivers.
In order to conduct a lesson in the preparatory group on "Autumn", it is necessary to find materials that will interest the children and make the lesson more exciting. You can use: acorns, chestnuts, fallen leaves, flowers, a microscope, autumn vegetables and fruits. Perhaps, for the crafts will need scissors, glue, paints, brushes, colored paper.
Do not forget about the decor of the band. Leaves, a rainbow, a basket with papier-mache fruits - all these elements will perfectly decorate the hall.
Many parents ask: "What does the preparatory group give?". Development is the main task. At the age of 6-7 years, children can already get acquainted with classical musical, artistic works, painting. When preparing for the autumn holiday, you can:
Learn a few poems about the fall of famous authors.
To get acquainted with classical musical compositions.
To study folk art: jokes, nursery rhymes, signs.
Consider paintings by famous artists.
Such creative preparation will benefit the children, expand their horizons.
To finish the lesson in the preparatory group on the theme "Autumn" is better than the matinee. Each preschool institution chooses its own scenario. As a rule, children are offered to tell poems, sing songs. Mandatory in the program must be present choreographic numbers. All events are held in a game form. On a visit to the children come the heroes: Hedgehog, Autumn, Fungus and others.
In many ways, the program depends on the music worker. The event may be attended by parents and children from younger groups.
Such an autumn ball allows the child to open. Children cease to be afraid of the scene, the audience, in the future, this is very useful.
We conduct an open class
If you can not hold a ball, you can do an open class "Autumn". The event should take place in the group. You can inspire children with creative tasks, arrange an exhibition of crafts, drawings, applications.
When holding an open lesson, the teacher needs to prepare a summary of the "Autumn" lesson in advance. It should include the following items:
Organizational moments. An interesting meeting of children, seating them in places.
General conversation about the autumn pore. Once again, remember the name of the months, signs and other points related to the fall.
The creative part. Children recite poems, sing songs, dance.
Games with educators.
Finger and articulation gymnastics.
Work with the words.
The final part, the delivery of gifts and letters.
These are the main points to consider when conducting an open lesson in a group.
Lesson on the theme "Autumn". What games are better to hold?
Preparing the outline of the classes before the events, the teachers pay special attention to the games. It must be remembered that the preparatory group in the kindergarten has its own characteristics. At first glance, children are already quite large, but at the same time they can not fully adapt to the classical lessons, so all activities need to be "diluted" with games. Examples are the following quizzes:
"Guess Whose." Leaves from different trees are laid out in front of children, they, in turn, try to learn the name.
"Associations". For example, with what metal do you associate a yellow sheet? (Gold).
"True or fiction." A number of situations related to natural phenomena are proposed, the child must answer whether they can occur in the autumn period.
Children like games and quizzes, they are happy to participate in them, thus discovering many new things for themselves.
We make crafts from natural materials
With the onset of autumn in pre-school institutions, children are encouraged to make crafts using natural materials. As a rule, such creative tasks are performed together with parents. You can use: cones, moss, bark of trees, needles, leaves, straw, chestnuts, acorns.
Then the compositions are exhibited in the hall of the kindergarten so that the children of other groups can appreciate creativity. Similar tasks are developed in the guys fantasy, skill, motor skills.
Lesson in the preparatory group on "Autumn" can not take place without performing the application. The leaves are the material that is best for these purposes. Firstly, it is absolutely free, and secondly, it is easy to attach to paper with glue, and thirdly, using scissors, you can give the leaves absolutely any shape.
Applications are of several types:
Waybill. When making such pictures, you do not need to use scissors. All the necessary elements are finished using markers or pencils.
Silhouette. Collected leaves of different shapes and colors, dried with iron. The composition is thought out in advance. The necessary details are cut from the leaves, thereby obtaining the desired pattern.
Children's applications “Autumn” are very popular, they retain their appearance for a long time, especially if the leaves are pre-dried.
In addition to the natural material, you will need the following items:
Thick paper, drawing paper, cardboard.
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