Vitamins for teenagers 15-16 years old
At the age of 12-16 years, gender differences are formed, hormonal changes occur in the body. Regulates these complex processes group of biologically active compounds, called "vitamins". For adolescents, in the most difficult period from the physiological point of view, it is important to receive all the necessary substances and components. You can help a fragile body to endure the hardships of puberty, which are exacerbated by eating disorders. We will touch only one component of this process - replenishment of a stock of active substances by means of drugstores.
The need for vitamins and age differences
Acquiring vitamins in a pharmacy for a teenager of 16 years, you need to pay attention to the following. During this period, for a number of active substances (A, E, B5, B12), the needs are identical to those of an adult organism or exceed them. Other vitamins (K, C, folic acid) at 16 years should be taken as much as in 14-15 years. Adolescents 15-16 years of age especially need active substances, which are responsible for:
- activity of the glands of internal and external secretion;
- immune reactions;
- formation of the skeleton;
- strengthening of the walls of arteries, veins, capillaries;
- skin cleansing;
- protection of hair and nails.
Causes of hypo-and avitaminosis
In the period of growth, development and puberty with considerable mental and physical stress in the body, the need for vitamins increases. Provide it in the diet without taking pharmacies is difficult. Producers of vitamins try to take into account age features, possible health problems caused by a shortage of individual components in food. The amount of useful substances in them is significantly reduced during the period of raw material procurement, storage, during heat treatment.
Among vitamins there is a group that is not synthesized in the body. Some are formed in insufficient quantities. Some of the active substances are quickly removed from the body with metabolic products (water-soluble) or poorly digested due to digestive problems.
ABC of health: A, B, C, D, E
All known vitamins (about 15 names) are combined into two classes: fat-soluble, for example A, D, E, K, and water-soluble. The second group includes representatives of group B, as well as C and a number of other compounds (see table below). Among vitamins, there are hormones or their precursors, active centers of biological catalysts (enzymes, enzymes). Let's list the most important vitamins for teenagers (in brackets - a symbol):
- Retinol (A). Maintains the health of body covers, eyes, provides antioxidant protection, counteracts infections and cancer. If there is a shortage, twilight vision is broken, the skin is flaky, the susceptibility to infectious diseases increases.
- Ascorbic acid (C). Strengthens immunity, helps fight infections. Deficiency in the body leads to the vulnerability of gums, frequent colds, fatigue.
- Cyanocobalamin (B12). Participates in the formation of erythrocytes, has an immune-modulating effect. Skin with a lack of vitamin pale, muscles are flaccid.
- Calciferol (D). Promotes the formation of bone substance, regulates the absorption of calcium, increases immunity. With a deficiency, weak, fracture-prone bones, caries.
- Menadion (K). Regulates the process of blood clotting.
- Tocopherol (E). Provides the functioning of the circulatory system, binds free radicals. Lack of vitamin leads to problems with digestion.
- Folic acid (B9). It participates in the formation of red blood cells, regulates the exchange of proteins. Deficiency causes anemia, lethargy, irritability, poor appetite.
How vitamins help to cope with the stresses in school
Vitamins for a teenager of 15 years should include substances that help with significant physical and mental stress, eating disorders. Usually at this age, complete the main course of secondary school, which includes about two dozen academic disciplines. Many teenagers still visit circles and sections, go in for sports and participate in competitions. Uneven body physically can not cope with such stress. Add to this disruption in nutrition, poor environmental conditions, abundance in food of GMOs, preservatives, dyes.
In these cases, adolescents 15 years can take multivitamin complexes with a preventive or curative purpose for 1-2 tablets or 1-2 tablets 3 times a day. The course lasts 3-4 weeks.
Vitamins for a teenager: improving memory, attention, fighting stress
Active substances in the multivitamin are necessary for increased mental stress, nervous exhaustion. They improve metabolic processes (including in the brain tissues), facilitate concentration and memorization. In such cases, vitamins are suitable for the memory of adolescents. These drugs are Aviton - GinkgoVita, Biovital (dragee), Bio-Max, Vitrum Plus (tablets).
The main purpose of such complexes is the prevention and therapy of hypo-and avitaminosis. They are used as part of the combined treatment of many diseases, to increase resistance to infections, stress, adverse habitat. Vitamins for teenagers do not replace a full-fledged diet. They only supplement it with active substances, the deficit of which can be detrimental to the state of the body.
Appearance and health problems
Deciding which vitamins to drink to a teenager, it is important not to make a mistake with the choice of medications. This is a problem with several unknowns. There are tests that help determine the need for separate connections.
Very often external signs signal internal insecurity. For example, changes in color and texture of the nails (reduced strength, white spots, stratification). Problems with skin and hair can mean a deficiency of individual vitamins in the body. In pharmacies without a doctor's prescription, syrups, dragees, tablets containing active substances that are required by the adolescent's body to eliminate such symptoms are available.
The best vitamins for teenagers are multicomplexes
The active components necessary for the body, mutually complement or enhance each other's action. This is very important for the correct assimilation of all elements. In addition, a teenager is relieved of the need to drink several tablets if taking a daily complex vitamin preparation from the following list:
- "Vitrum teenager";
- "Vitrum Junior";
- Unicap M;
- "Multi-Tabs Teenager";
- "Multivita Plus";
- Vitrum Cirkus:
Before using multivitamins it is recommended to consult a specialist for advice. Some components of adolescents may have an individual intolerance.
The best way to preserve health
Daily intake of vitamins for adolescents is not only a quick and convenient method of replenishing the reserves of active substances in the body. It is also an optimal variant of additional reception of connections that improve health, prevent illnesses, cope with ailments.
A textbook example is ascorbic acid (vitamin C). He studied the properties of matter Linus Pauling, the famous American chemist, winner of two awards Alfred Nobel. It was he who established and by his own example proved that vitamin C in high doses helps with infectious (colds) diseases. The minus of this method is the laxative effect of increased doses of "ascorbic".
In optimal amounts, vitamins allow normalizing all body functions, which is especially important during puberty. The adolescent's body is particularly in need of protection from the disadvantage associated with the lack of active substances.