US 4D in pregnancy: results, photos, reviews
Modern technologies in medicine are developing at a rapid pace. What literally a decade ago could only fantasize, today has become a reality. One such example is the use of an ultrasound device as a diagnostic method in pregnancy. A few years ago, this procedure was carried out exclusively on indications. Today, this method of diagnosis is recommended for all pregnant women. In addition, ultrasound has become not only an exclusively medical procedure, but also a psychological union of the mother with her fetus - many women consider this procedure the first acquaintance with their child. This effect is achieved due to the fact that the modern apparatus of US 4D allows you to display on the monitor not only a static image, but also the movements of an unborn baby in real time. More details about what such a diagnostic procedure is is in this material.
Four-dimensional ultrasound in pregnancy - what is it?
Ultrasound is a diagnostic procedure that is performed with the help of special medical equipment. Such examination is used in different fields of medicine with the purpose of determining various pathologies. But in obstetrics this procedure is most in demand. So, pregnant women three times for the entire period of bearing a baby scheduled scheduled ultrasound examination, if necessary, additional procedures are possible. But if earlier the indicated diagnostics was carried out solely with the purpose of definition of possible pathologies of pregnancy, then with the development of technologies such a procedure helps not only to timely reveal various violations in the state of health of the future mother and her baby. Today, pregnant women perceive ultrasound examination as communication, unity with the baby.
What is the peculiarity of US 4D? Note that any ultrasound is a procedure, during which, thanks to the refraction of waves directed by a special device, a black and white image is displayed on the monitor. But if the two-dimensional ultrasound assumes only a planar image, 3D diagnostics displays the depth, height and length of the image.
As for US 4D, in this case, another parameter is added, such as time. Thus, it becomes possible to assess the status of a pregnant woman and her fetus at the moment in real time. Therefore, it can be argued that such a diagnostic procedure is distinguished by reliability, efficiency and high accuracy of the data obtained.
In addition, during the procedure, future parents can accurately see the features of their baby, watch his movements. Thus, the patients describe cases when, during the four-dimensional ultrasound study, they watched the baby turn over, suck a finger, grab onto the leg. Indeed, thanks to the development of technology, this has become possible.
Note that many clinics do not share a three-dimensional and four-dimensional study, but designate a service as "US 3D / 4D". This is due to the fact that most often during the diagnosis there is a need to fix both a static image and a dynamic one.
At what time?
According to the order of the Ministry of Health, with the normal development of pregnancy scheduled ultrasound examination is appointed three times: in the first, second and third trimester. But to carry out all the specified researches by means of four-dimensional diagnostics is inexpedient. So, if you apply this technology in the early stages, then due to the fact that the baby has not yet formed subcutaneous fatty tissue, there is a possibility that the ultrasound will display the bone tissue of the fetus. Thus, on the monitor you can see the skeleton and internal organs of the child, which not only reduces the medical informative value of the examination, but also may adversely affect the mental, moral state of the future mother.
In late terms, to assign such a diagnosis also does not make sense, since the device will be able to cover only certain parts of the body of a grown-up baby.
When is it recommended to conduct 4D-ultrasound? 20 weeks of pregnancy is the optimal period. It is during this period that such diagnostics will be the most informative. Usually, this procedure is prescribed in the framework of perinatal screening.
What is being researched?
Diagnostic procedure of 4D-ultrasound in pregnancy is conducted to determine the various pathologies of fetal development. What are the experts studying?
- The size of the fetus (length, weight, frontal-occipital size of the head, abdomen and head circumference, measurements of the femur and the shoulder joint).
- Determine a pathology, like a hare lip.
- The sex of the fetus.
- The location of the placenta, as well as the absence or presence of a tone.
- Assess the condition of the umbilical cord, determine the presence of the cervical spine (if necessary, prescribe dopplerometry).
- Thickness and maturity of the placenta.
- Volume of amniotic fluid.
In addition, when performing additional tests that are included in the perinatal screening complex, the physician may suspect genetic disorders in the fetus, for example, a disease such as Down syndrome.
Thus, 4D ultrasound of the fetus makes it possible to determine various pathologies of intrauterine development. This, in turn, allows timely taking the necessary medical measures.
How is the diagnosis carried out?
4D-US is performed during pregnancy transabdominally, that is, through the front wall of the abdomen. The procedure is absolutely painless and does not require any preliminary preparation. The woman is offered to lie down on the back, then a special gel is applied to the abdomen for carrying out ultrasonic waves. The specialist uses an ultrasonic sensor to "display" the image of the refracted sound on the monitor.
It is worth noting that the duration of such a procedure is 40-45 minutes, whereas a two-dimensional study takes 15-25 minutes.
What is displayed on the screen? The image that appears on the monitor is colored, voluminous and dynamic. Even an amateur can distinguish small features of a baby's face (nose, mouth, eyes, etc.), see fingers on pens and legs. It is thanks to this realistic image, the opportunity to admire their still unborn crumbs, many future parents are eagerly awaiting the appointment of 4D-ultrasound. Photos of the baby, which were obtained on the basis of different types of ultrasound, are presented below.
Interpretation of results
Despite the high quality of the image, only the specialist is able to decipher the figures. After a comprehensive analysis of the data obtained, the doctor issues a written opinion on the results of the study.
Is this study safe?
Most researchers came to the conclusion that 4D-ultrasound of the fetus is the safest medical procedure. Nevertheless, scientists at the American Institute of Research do not recommend an ultrasound examination without evidence. Therefore, to register for such a procedure without the appointment of a specialist just to see the baby, it is not necessary, such excessive care can negatively affect the course of pregnancy and the development of the fetus.
Do 4D-ultrasound can not afford every pregnant woman, since the described diagnosis has a fairly high cost. Depending on the clinic, the price of such a medical service is from 3500 to 5000 rubles.
Thanks to modern technologies, future parents not only can admire the baby during the 4D ultrasound. Most clinics offer such additional services as video recording of research, printing a photo, as well as creating a three-dimensional plaster cast of a child's face.
US 4D: reviews of doctors and patients
Specialists, of course, note the high informativeness, safety and availability of this method of diagnosis.
The opinions of patients are subjective. For some, this is an opportunity for rapprochement with an unborn baby, for others - the money spent. Anyway, most of the reviews of expectant mothers who have received such a study are positive. Women argue that the impressions and emotions that they experienced when they saw the image of their baby on the monitor screen, his movements in real time, became the most vivid and unforgettable in their life.
Thus, it can be concluded that 4D-ultrasound in pregnancy differs from three-dimensional and two-dimensional studies in that it has a fourth characteristic of image measurement, namely time. In addition, if there are indications, the doctor may also prescribe dopplerometry with ultrasound. Then, in addition to everything described, with the help of such an ultrasound examination it is possible to analyze utero-placental blood flow. This further increases the informative value of this medical procedure, which means that it reduces the risk of developing various pathologies during pregnancy and significantly increases the likelihood of a healthy baby being born.