4D ultrasound during pregnancy: results, photos, reviews
Modern technology in medicine is developing rapidly. What about for literally a decade ago could only dream, now a reality. One such example is the use of an ultrasound machine as a diagnostic method during pregnancy. A few years ago this procedure was carried out solely on the testimony. Today this diagnostic method is recommended for all pregnant women. In addition, ultrasound has become not only a medical procedure and psychological unity of the mother with her fetus — many women consider this procedure first acquaintance with their child. This effect is achieved due to the fact that modern ultrasound machine 4D allows you to display on the monitor is not just a static image, but the movement of her unborn baby in real time. Read more about what constitutes as a diagnostic procedure in this article.
Four-dimensional ultrasound during pregnancy — what is it?
Ultrasound is a diagnostic procedure that is performed using special medical equipment. This survey is applied in different fields of medicine with the aim of identifying various pathologies. But in obstetrics, such a procedure is the most popular. So, pregnant women three times during the whole period of gestation the baby is assigned a planned ultrasound examination, if necessary, may conduct additional procedures. But if before the specified diagnosis was carried out solely to determine possible pathologies of pregnancy, with the advancement of technology this procedure helps not only to identify various abnormalities in the health of the expectant mother and her baby. Today ultrasound examination of pregnant women perceive as communication, togetherness with the baby.
What is the feature of 4D ultrasound? Note that any ultrasound examination is a procedure during which due to the refraction of waves sent by the special device, the monitor displays black-and-white image. But if two-dimensional ultrasound involves only the plane image, the 3D diagnostic displays the depth, height and length of the picture.
As for 4D ultrasound, in this case there is such parameter as time. Thus, it is possible to assess the condition of the pregnant woman and her fetus at the moment in real time. Therefore, it can be argued that such a diagnostic procedure is reliable, efficiency and high precision of the obtained data.
In addition, during the procedure, the parents can actually see the features of your baby, watch his movements. For example, the patients describe the cases when during carrying out four-dimensional ultrasound they watched as the baby rolls over, sucks her finger, grabs himself by the stem. Indeed, thanks to technology, this situation became possible.
Note that many clinics do not share the three-dimensional and four-dimensional study, and represent the service as "ultrasound 3D/4D". This is due to the fact that most during the diagnosis, there is a need to fix as a static image, and dynamic.
What time is it?
According to the Ministry of health, in the normal course of pregnancy, routine ultrasound examination are nominated three times: in the first, second and third trimester. But to carry out all these studies with the help of four-dimensional diagnosis is impractical. So, if you apply this technology in the early stages, due to the fact that the baby has not yet formed subcutaneous adipose tissue, there is a likelihood that the display will ultrasound bone tissue of the fetus. Thus, on the monitor you can see the skeleton and internal organs of the child, which not only reduces the medical information content of the survey, but can adversely affect the mental, moral condition of the expectant mother.
In the later stages to appoint such a diagnosis does not make sense, because the device can cover only certain parts of the body grown-up baby.
When recommended 4D ultrasound? 20 weeks of pregnancy is the optimal time. In this period, this testing is most informative. Usually the procedure prescribed under the perinatal screening.
What is being examined?
Diagnostic procedure 4D-ultrasound during pregnancy is performed to determine various pathologies of fetal development. What are exploring the pros?
- The size of the fruit (length, weight, fronto-occipital head size, abdominal circumference and head measurements of the femur and the shoulder joint).
- Define this pathology as a cleft lip.
- The sex of the fetus.
- The location of the placenta, and the absence or presence of tone.
- Assess the condition of the umbilical cord, determine the presence of entanglement (if necessary, designate the Doppler).
- The thickness and maturity of the placenta.
- The volume of amniotic fluid.
In addition, when the additional tests that are included in the complex of perinatal screening, the doctor may suspect a genetic disorder in the fetus, for example, such diseases as down's syndrome.
Thus, 4D fetal ultrasound gives you the opportunity to identify various pathologies of intrauterine development. This, in turn, allow to take timely medical measures.
How is the diagnosis carried out?
Is 4D ultrasound in pregnancy transabdominal, that is, through the anterior wall of the abdomen. The procedure is absolutely painless and does not require any prior training. The woman is invited to lie down on the back and the abdomen covered with a special gel for the ultrasound waves. The technician using the ultrasound sensor of the machine "prints" the image of the refracted sound on the monitor.
It is worth noting that duration of this procedure is 40-45 minutes, whereas a two-dimensional study is carried out 15-25 minutes.
What is displayed on the screen? The picture that appears on the monitor, colour, volumetric and dynamic. Even a layman is able to discern fine facial features of the baby (shape of nose, mouth, eyes, etc.), to see the fingers on the hands and feet. Thanks to this realism, a chance to look at your unborn baby, many expectant parents look forward to the appointment of a 4D ultrasound. The baby pictures, which were obtained on the basis of the different types of ultrasound provided below.
Interpretation of results
Despite the high quality of the image, to decode the indicators can only specialist. After a comprehensive analysis of the data, the doctor gives a written report on the results of the study.
Is it safe there?
The majority of researchers came to the conclusion that 4D fetal ultrasound is the safest medical procedure. However, scientists of the American Institute of research is not recommended to perform ultrasound examination without the presence of testimony. So recorded in such a procedure without the appointment of a specialist only in order to see the baby, not worth it, this excessive concern may adversely affect the pregnancy and fetal development.
To make the 4D-ultrasound can not afford every pregnant woman, as described diagnostic has a relatively high cost. Depending on the clinic, the cost of such medical services ranges from 3500 to 5000 rubles.
Thanks to modern technology, expectant parents not only can watch the baby during the 4D ultrasound. Most clinics offer additional services such as video research, printing photos, and creating a three-dimensional plaster casts of the baby's face.
4D ultrasound: doctors and patients
Experts certainly point to the high information content, security and availability of this diagnostic method.
Patients differ in the subjectivity. For some it's the opportunity for bonding with unborn baby, for others the money spent. Anyway, most reviews expectant mothers, which was performed, positive. Women claim that experiences and emotions that they experienced when they saw on the screen an image of your baby, his movements in real time, become the most vivid and memorable in their lives.
Thus, we can conclude that 4D-ultrasound during pregnancy is different from three-dimensional and two-dimensional studies, that has a fourth characteristic dimension of the image, namely time. In addition, if indicated, your doctor may prescribe another, and Doppler ultrasound. Then, in addition to the just described, with the help of such an ultrasound examination is possible to perform uterine-placental blood flow. This further increases the informativeness of a given medical procedure, and therefore reduces the risk of development of various pathologies during pregnancy and significantly increases the probability of having a healthy baby.