TRIZ in kindergarten
"There is nothing easier than to study something that is interesting," — these words attributed to the famous scientist albert Einstein, a man accustomed to think originally and unconventionally. Today, however, very few students find the process of learning something fun and exciting and, unfortunately, this antipathy manifests itself at an early age of the child. What you need to take the teachers to overcome the dullness of the educational process? How have kindergarten to help children grow minded individuals? Many teachers know from their experience that the system TRIZ — theory of inventive problem solving — is an effective tool in achieving these goals. What is its essence? In practice, you can use this technique in kindergarten?
The basic concept of the methodology
Originally Genrikh Altshuller developed his theory for the solution of technical and engineering problems. Over time, however, the basic principles are moved in pedagogy, gaining new fans. The system of TRIZ training of children is practical help for the child to find the best solution of the task set in this situation. The principle is this: "There is a problem — solve it myself", but by trial and error, and by the algorithm of thought, leading the child to the best solution.
Contrast to standard approaches in teaching
Classical pedagogy assumes that the child simply copies or simulates the actions of the teacher.
According to educational pedagogy, the kid has more freedom to think for themselves, but the key decision is in the hands of the teacher. Illustrate these approaches with an example.
Suppose that in kindergarten all children have the same cups. How will I remember her? The classical approach: the teacher gives each individual sticker glue on his Cup and asks the children to repeat the action. TRIZ in kindergarten will look like this: encourage the child to think and find differences on the Cup. This requires more time? Possible. However, the imagination of a child can affect their originality and inexplicable, and it will be his own conscious decision.
Practical application in kindergarten
In order to successfully apply TRIZ in kindergarten, the teacher it is important to be well versed in such concepts as the principle of contradiction, the use of all resources, ideal final result, and so on. However, it is not necessary for preschool children to paint technical Arsenal TRIZA — it's better to be more practice. For example, the child broke the toy. Using the principle of contradictions can be clarified, good or bad. Chances are that the answer will be "bad." Then comes into force the use of all intellectual resources: how it is possible now to use? As a stand? Or is it compact and convenient. that can ride on three wheels?
An example application of the technique in kindergarten
Techniques TRIZA in kindergarten do not require a designated time is a matter of thinking and approach to children. For example, reading with the children some fairy tale, we can analyze the behavior of the protagonist.
If we turn to classic children's poem about the bull, whose "Board ends, now I fall", it is possible to encourage children to reflect on the following questions: how to help a bull without falling off? Tell him to stop. But he needs to go, what to do? Put a different Board and so on. It is important not to make decisions for the child, and teach him to think and analyze the situation from different angles and from the point of view of efficiency. TRIZ-technologies in the kindergarten can give pleasure to the teacher.
So, if you already got excited and so eager to think with their subjects, then read the following tips.
Skillful use of TRIZ in kindergarten
- Resist the urge to lecture and long to explain a given situation. If the child does not understand what you want from him, you should move this conversation to another time or even for him not to return.
- Do not force the child such words as "come on", "think for yourself", it's wrong. TRIZ-technology in kindergarten implies that any opinion and version worthy of consideration. In addition, the child learns to think progressively, and the task of the teacher is to help, not force.
- Don't forget the praise. Of course, she must be sincere and specific. Let the child feels confident to communicate and Express their wildest ideas.
- Rely on the knowledge and concepts which the child is fluent. To build a chain of hypotheses, it is necessary to have a complete understanding of the task and situation.
Having a basic understanding of what the methodology of TRIZ in kindergarten, and remembering these tips, you can safely disassemble some games. They are not only like children, but put all the theory into reality.
Someone who lives in teremochke?
Goal. to teach a child the elements of the analysis, to induce him to notice common features by comparing.
Need. colorful images of different subjects, such as: pear, pen, house, backpack, pot, flower and so on. You can do to make these blanks or to make them with the children. For attics is a suitable large box or wardrobe is a fantasy children tell them everything.
Membership. recall with the children the tale "Teremok" and offer to play it the way they do in the land of Shifters.
The game. every child with their eyes closed draws your picture and plays for the drawn object. Moderator chooses the host of the house of the king of Shifters, which he summoned his friends to the feast. The characters take turns coming to the house. First guest asks the question:
— I -. (calls himself, like a flower). And who are you?
— I -. (calls itself, for example, pear). Let me in Teremok?
— The forest, if you tell me what you like me.
Guest carefully compares the two figures and the names of the moments. For example, he may say, that of the flower and is pear sprig. Then, the first participant walks into the chamber, and to the owner already knocking the next guest. It is important to maintain a friendly atmosphere: if someone can't answer, then help the other children.
"A Messy Marvin"
Goal. to train attention, the ability to see all of the necessary resources.
Before the game, it is important to incorporate elements of TRIZ. In kindergarten it is not difficult to do, as the child's attention offers a huge variety of items. Can I ask, pointing to the object: "what is this Cup? What door? What is this pillow?"
Membership. to tell children scattered and forgetful people who are still confused and forget (not to forget to make the educational output). And then ask: who wants to help masham-masterexam? Then the game can be done in two ways as desired.
- The presenter will be Mary. Distractedly looking around, he says:
— I lost (called an object, e.g. a spoon). What will I eat soup (or any other action)?
Compassionate assistants are beginning to offer their own ways of solving problems: you can take the Cup and drink the soup, and then a fork to eat everything else, etc.
2. The development of the game is the same as in the first, but the role of machine-rasteryashi perform different children, not just the presenter. For example, who suggested that the best alternative to the lost item, he is Masha. Thus the activity of all participants of the game.
Role of play in child development
These are just two clear examples that illustrate how effective the methods of TRIZ in kindergarten. Games can of course be very diverse, for the teacher there is a complete freedom of imagination. But if at first things don't turn out very well, it's not a reason to give up. The game is for a child's development from age 3 to 7 years is of enormous importance, because there the child mimics its surrounding social role, so you should try to learn to combine with the game of TRIZ-technology. In kindergarten it is especially important, believe me, the result is worth it.
What age to start
Strict rules and specific limits in this matter. However, it is important to remember that even in the first years of his life, the child begins to deal with such situations that require him to search the optimal solution. Probably many of us were eyewitnesses to or participants in this conversation:
Here and TRIZ. Although, of course, that the mother in this case was not aware of in what approach is it is now applied. She just helped the child to solve the problem, prompting him to think and use all available resources.
Moreover, it is important to use TRIZ technology in the kindergarten, when children are conducted by a trained teacher. Of course, the success each will have its have some kid turns out better sculpt, not paint, the other — on the contrary. However, both has a positive impact on its development. Similarly, TRIZ technology in any case will have a beneficial effect on mental and mental development of the child. So whether this delay?
The influence of methodology on type of worldview of a child
At preschool age the child has not yet formed worldview. Therefore, at this stage, the role of TRIZ in kindergarten is to develop analytical and comparative thinking, the ability to find possible solutions and choose the best.
Later, however, this mental training will create not just a thinking person, and someone who is able to develop always. It's not a notorious narrow-minded man who seems lost in front of difficulties. No, it is the mindset that realizes past the wrong conclusions and hypotheses, but continues to move forward. These are the qualities so valued in modern society. Purposeful people if they see a blind corner, then, after analyzing it, you will understand that he's probably made of clay or paper, and overcome it, expending extra power.
The choice is yours
Of course, every parent or teacher will decide how to deal with children. However, it is useful to consider what I want to see their children or wards entrusted to me? If all the aspirations and energies only to meet physical needs and provide the minimum knowledge, then grow it then-minded and versatile personality? In our age of hustle and bustle and hectic pace, sometimes it is challenging to learn something new, but the result is worth it! In any case, the ascent to the mountain begins with the first step. And who knows what hidden possibilities and huge potential to open itself using TRIZ? The main thing — do not be afraid to tear down the stereotypes of teaching and to seek new approaches. Of course, the perfect teacher does not become anyone, but to strive towards that goal constantly!