Thick teenagers: causes, consequences and prevention
Obesity in children implies a chronic metabolic disorder, which is accompanied by the rapid deposition of adipose tissue in the body. And, unfortunately, today, fat teenagers and children - this is a common phenomenon.
How to identify obesity?
Obesity of any person, especially a child and adolescent, can result in the development of constipation, cholecystitis, arthrosis, bulimia and many other serious diseases. The diagnosis of childhood or adolescent obesity is based on the ratio of height, body weight and age. On their basis a special index is calculated.
What is obesity and how does it occur?
Today, not uncommon are fat teenage girls and guys. It is during the transitional age, when the hormonal background is reconstructed, different changes in the body can occur.
If parents do not want their son or daughter to be told that he or she is the thickest teenager in school, you must always pay attention to the child's health condition, study information about obesity, the reasons for its appearance, the ways of preventing and fighting it, and also find out what consequences can be in the presence of excess weight.
Causes of obesity in children and adolescents
The emergence of this problem in children and adolescents has a polyethological nature, since the complex interaction of genetic and environmental aspects plays an important role here. And besides, in many respects fat teenagers become such as a result of metabolic disorders, provoked by malnutrition and lack of proper physical activity.
It is known that if both parents are obese, the probability of such a problem in the child is more than eighty percent, because it is transmitted on a genetic background.
Today, very often there are fat teenagers. The reasons for this physical condition of the child can be not only in the genetic predisposition, but also in serious pathological conditions. Recently, it became possible to meet obesity in children and adolescents with genetic syndromes, endocrinopathies, and also in the case of central nervous system damage.
Thick teenage girls and boys can become so for the following reasons:
- Developmental changes at the genetic level.
- The lack of even the minimum physical load useful to the body.
- Violation of the digestive system, which can give such disruptions in the work of the body.
- Hormonal failure on the background of the use of certain medicines.
It is these reasons that are considered the most common in the appearance of adolescent obesity.
The main symptoms of obesity in children
Signs of this condition in children and adolescents may be different, but the main one is an increase in the layer of subcutaneous fat. If the child is too small, then the initial sign of obesity may be lack of mobility, delay in the formation of motor skills, the emergence of allergic reactions.
In this condition, children may have excess deposits in the abdomen, pelvis, hips, face and upper extremities, but they are determined depending on the physical characteristics of the child's body. This type of obesity is considered elementary, as this is the first stage. It proceeds slowly, and becomes noticeable when there are various changes in the behavior of the adolescent. But you can get rid of such obesity easily and quickly with the help of a special diet and exercise.
The basic diet of the child should be based on vegetables and fruits. Meat should choose lean. To fry it is not necessary, it is better to boil, stew without butter or bake. You can eat porridge, but without oil. It is good, if the child will use fresh vegetables in a fresh form. It is necessary to limit the intake of flour products, fatty and fried foods, fast food, sugar.
Secondary obesity in children and adolescents can be caused by a serious illness.
The following main symptoms can be identified, which may be a signal of an approaching catastrophe:
- Increased appetite.
- Increase body volume of the child.
- Rapid weight gain.
- Deterioration of the digestive system.
Complications due to obesity in children and adolescents
Thick adolescents and children are at risk. They may have chronic diseases, which later will be difficult, and sometimes even impossible, to cure. These include a variety of hypertensive diseases, angina pectoris, type 2 diabetes mellitus and others.
If to consider complications from the digestive system, then most often medical workers here are noted the appearance of hemorrhoids, constipation, and later can also form cirrhosis of the liver. And also fat teenagers can suffer not only various disruptions in the work of the gastrointestinal tract, but also a violation of sleep.
Among other things, there is also the emergence of depression, private nervous breakdowns and other disorders.
Prevention of obesity in adolescents
In order to avoid obesity in your child, especially if he is inclined to this, the best precaution is professional prophylaxis. It helps to eliminate all risk factors and to adjust the digestive system. Remember that prevention should be carried out by specialists in the field of medicine. Together with the desire of parents and the child's personal desire to achieve this goal will not be so difficult.