How to start preparing for pregnancy
The period of pregnancy planning for a woman is called pre-gravity training. The prefix "before" in this term means the precedence of something. And the Latin word gravida is translated as "pregnant." Further in the article we will consider the main points that are included in the planning. How to start preparing for pregnancy?
At the beginning of planning, it is first of all necessary to predict the timing. Pre-birth preparation for pregnancy is usually carried out about six months before conception. It consists of the following events:
- Survey of both spouses.
- Preparation for conception.
- Forecasting favorable days for ovulation.
How to start preparing for pregnancy? Of course, with a visit to specialists. The first doctor to be visited by every woman planning a pregnancy is to become a therapist. To address it follows for examination of the body and the identification of some possible chronic diseases (anemia, kidney diseases, hypertension). Before you start preparing for pregnancy, you need to pass urine and blood to the analysis, measure blood pressure, do fluorography. If any chronic diseases already exist, you should contact the appropriate specialist. The main thing is not allowed to make a conception when exacerbating such diseases. When using any medications you need to inform the doctor about this, as some medicines are categorically contraindicated in pregnancy. The main doctor who will conduct a study of the genitals before conception, is a gynecologist. This specialist will be able not only to explain the need for certain measures, but also to help prevent possible complications with which preparation for pregnancy may be associated (after a dead or abortion, for example).
In addition, an analysis should be made for the presence of infections and determine the need for a blood test for herpes, rubella, hepatitis, syphilis, toxoplasmosis. These diseases can be found in the body, but without showing themselves. Also, do not forget about the dentist, as the teeth during pregnancy are destroyed due to a lack of calcium in the body. To prevent the infection from getting to the baby, one should treat them before ovulation.
For women over 35 years of age, and for those with genetic abnormalities or exposures in the family, the advice of a geneticist should be an integral element that includes preparing for pregnancy.
For the correct formation and development of the child, the mother's body must contain a certain number of useful compounds. Unfortunately, not all of them can be obtained with food. Therefore, thinking about how to start preparing for pregnancy, a woman should not forget about trace elements. Especially it concerns those whose organism was exposed to long diets, smoking, vegetarianism and other influences. The daily dose of these substances should be prescribed by the attending physician. In no case do you need to listen to friends who during pregnancy used those or other vitamins. Dosage is assigned individually and depends on the specific organism. In the opposite case, there may be a supersaturation of these substances, which leads to negative consequences.
This substance is prescribed for almost all women in the preparation for pregnancy. Folic acid takes an active part in the growth of nerve tissue. The duration of her admission is three months before the planned conception. Also, folic acid can be taken in the first trimester of pregnancy, as it can protect the fetus from pathologies in the development of the central nervous system.
The daily dosage of folic acid is 400 μg. This is how much it contains multivitamin preparations, intended for pregnant women. In addition to folic acid, their composition includes other useful substances. In the case of a woman living in areas with iodine deficiency, 100 μg of potassium iodide should be added to the complex. If in the previous two years a woman has had abortions or childbirth, her body needs drugs containing iron.
Preparing for pregnancy. Nutrition. Healthy lifestyle
A few months before the planned conception, products that contain preservatives, dyes and other harmful substances should be avoided. It is also necessary to impose a strict ban on alcoholic beverages.
Considering the question of how to begin preparing for pregnancy, special attention should also be given to the way of life of the future mother. So, first of all it is recommended to limit stay in crowded places, since in this case the risk of getting infected with any infection considerably increases.
If possible, avoid hypothermia because a cold in the early stages of pregnancy can infect the fetus. Immunity can be enhanced by eating onions and garlic.
A month before conception, you should try not to overheat the body, not to visit the sauna. Recommended regular walks in the fresh air, preferably away from the motorways. Such places are parks, parks, forest tracts and others.
The physical condition of a woman is of great importance in the question of how to begin preparing for pregnancy. It must be remembered that in the prenatal period a large load on the spine is created. This is due to a significant increase in weight. Therefore, it is recommended to strengthen the muscles of the abdomen and back in advance with the help of a set of exercises. They can also be used as a prophylaxis of flat feet, to increase the tone of the pelvic floor muscles and the development of the adductor muscles of the hips. Performing such exercises every day, you can facilitate pregnancy and childbirth, as well as accelerate the process of returning to the old form after the birth of the baby. Physical training will make it possible to avoid the problem of excess weight by the side, avoid varicose veins, stretch marks, ruptures during childbirth.
Treatment of diseases
A certain group of infections can adversely affect the development of the child or the process of pregnancy. And although almost all of them do not have symptoms and run unnoticed, their consequences are very serious. For example, rubella or toxoplasmosis, which occurred in childhood, almost do not pose a threat to the mother. However, infection with such diseases during pregnancy can easily lead to infection of the child. Herpes and cytomegalovirus, to which most people are exposed, often do not manifest themselves, and their viruses do not multiply, but with the exacerbation of these diseases during fetal development of the child, fetal infection is possible. The greatest danger is the penetration of infection in the first trimester of pregnancy. Therefore, it is necessary in advance to carry out examinations for these pathologies and, if found, to carry out appropriate treatment.
Before conception, it is very important to vaccinate against certain diseases. These include rubella. In the event that the woman did not suffer from it, it should be vaccinated 2-3 months before the forecasted pregnancy, even if no antibodies were found in the blood test. Currently, all rubella vaccines are absolutely harmless, they give practically a 100% result and produce immunity from this disease for more than 20 years. If the vaccination was not carried out in advance, during pregnancy it is forbidden to do so, since it is possible to infect the fetus with this virus. In the case of planning conception at the beginning of winter, it is recommended that a woman is vaccinated against influenza. All medical examinations, various injections and any manipulations pose a significant risk for infection with hepatitis B. That is why it will not be superfluous to carry out this vaccination.