How to start training a puppy? Service dog
Every owner wants his dog was bred and performed a certain set of commands. To achieve a positive result, the specialists advise to start with a four-legged friend as early as possible, preferably from puppyhood. How to start training a puppy how much to give and how often to hold classes — read all about it in the article.
When to start training
If the dog was already 1-1. 5 years, it has acquired certain habits, unfortunately, are not always useful. An adult dog that has never worked, it will be harder to get used to the discipline, to understand what is required of him. At the same time, a puppy learns in a playful way, very quickly mastering new skills, not against the owner. All these arguments speak in favour of as early as possible to start training with the dog.
The basic rules of puppy training
Before speaking, how to start training a puppy should learn the following rules:
- To start practice only if the dog is healthy, happy and cheerful. Do not try to teach commands ill or tired four-legged friend.
- After the puppy got into the house, you have to give him time to adapt to the new environment, to adapt to a new food to love his master. Experts say that five days to adapt the puppy is enough.
- Before you start to train a puppy, it must be accustomed to collar and leash.
- The lesson should be conducted in a playful way, like a child, its duration at one time should not exceed 40-60 minutes, otherwise the baby will get tired and stop to listen, become lethargic or Moody.
- The main motive for the puppy praise and a treat, so it is advisable before training not to feed him too tightly.
- Choose only one team for a particular action and change. If the puppy has learned the command "come", he will not understand your call to "Come here!".
Another important point — the result of education depends on the breed of the dog. For example, successful training of a puppy shepherd, a Saint Bernard, Rottweiler, boxer, Dachshund, poodle. Training smaller breeds is always more difficult because the nervous system little dogs are weaker, they are more prone to stress, you get tired faster.
How to start training a puppy
The beginning is the same for everyone — your puppy should be accustomed to the nickname and collar with leash.
The dog very quickly gets used to the nickname. It does not need special exercises. Simply each time referring to your pet, to clearly say his name, repeat it during play, feeding, petting. It is important that the puppy has reinforced the positive Association with his name, so at an early age, abusing a dog, don't say her nickname.
Usually the puppy gets used to the collar and leash easily and painlessly. On the 5-6 day after the baby came to your house, just put the puppy collar. Depending on character and temperament, he may even not notice it and may try to take off or chew. Distract baby with the bright object, a treat or game. Remove the collar just before bedtime. After that, we can assume that the first day of training ended successfully. On the second day again wear the collar, attach the leash and even bring out for a walk.
Importantly, the collar was soft, do not hurt baby's neck, and the leash should be long enough that the puppy was walking with pleasure and could freely explore the world.
How to start training a puppy, you already know my nickname and collar with leash. What to learn next? So like a dog in childhood, complex commands it will not learn, and duration of exercise are tedious, and leave a negative impression. So you can count on these teams:
- the first place to me, fu
- the second block is to sit around, lie down, stand
- the third block — fetch, FAS.
Each unit is given approximately 3-4 months depending on the intelligence and psyche of the dog. That is, the program executes a young dog approximately one and a half years. If training at home allowed the puppy to master this basic level, we can say that the owner did well.
Often, the owners ask the question: "Can the dog sleep with owner in bed?" No! Even small dogs should know their place. It is not only hygiene or security, but that dog needs to understand the order and discipline.
To accustom the dog to the place is easy. To do this the first day when you bring a puppy into the house, and he will become familiar with the territory, take the baby on his bed and calmly a few times, say "place". Always, when you see that the puppy is already pave the rest, pick him up and take his bed, saying calmly "place".
You can't accustom the puppy to the place, laying on his bed a treat, because he will take it as a call to action and will carry back food from a bowl.
The lesson is considered learned when the kid with the command "Place!" runs where necessary.
This command is most often used in everyday life. Whenever the puppy runs to you on their own, or when you call him to eat or play, clearly say "come". When four-legged friend run, be sure to praise, potrebite affectionately on the withers, with a positive tone, say "well Done!", "Good dog!".
And if the puppy is played or acted up and never ran? Do not scold him! Just walk up to the dog, hold it for croup and pull to yourself, repeat the command. Then praise, encourage treat.
Lesson learned, if the puppy uses the first call of the owner.
Everything seems logical: the kid picked up something on the street or chewing on your Slippers, you walk up to him, firmly say, "Yuck!" and take what is forbidden, you can even gently click of the guilty by the neck. Such tactics are correct. But many people make a typical mistake: puppy picked up some stuff and happily brought it to the owner, and that screaming "Yuck!" took the spoils away and even got in trouble. You can't do that! Never punish the kid when he runs up to you. The puppy to develop a negative reflex: it is suitable to the owner and scolded him. The dog will not understand what is to blame, and will think that the favorite host doesn't want to see her.
The same mistake can be seen when the puppy day make a puddle, and in the evening he will poke her nose and scold. Absolutely ignorant behavior! The dog is not able to establish causation as man. The result of this behavior is that the puppy will be afraid of the arrival of the owner home.
After the first command learned, executed once in an arbitrary order, you can continue training and go to the second, more complex unit.
To teach the puppy this command easier than an adult dog. The most common technique to call a four-legged friend, show him a treat and holding it in front of a dog face, slowly lift up. As the puppy will lift up his head, he sits down, you can gently press your hand on the ass of the dog, as if helping her to sit up. At the same time, when the baby sits up on his hind legs to say "Sit!" and treat tasty.
The command is learned when the dog sits on command and stand in this position as long as her boss sees fit. With a puppy from exposure is better not to overdo it, otherwise it will get tired and will vrednichat.
The training of the team "Next!" one of the most difficult lessons for both puppy and owner. You will need to teach the dog to go on the left side, not running ahead and not lagging behind. To start the lesson you need at the end of active walking. When four-legged friend will neresnitsa, take in the left hand leash, and right at the level of the muzzle — treat. So go ahead, the puppy ran after the treat, repeat "Next!". After a few meters, stop, give the baby to walk, praise him. Do a few repetitions. Learning this command could be delayed for a week or more.
The process of development is similar to training the command "Sit!". You must take in your right hand something delicious and keep the treat at the level of the dog's snout. Then slowly lower down to the ground, at the same time gently pressing on the blades of the puppy. When he lieth down, hold it for several seconds, repeating "Down!", and then I will encourage a treat.
To your pet has learned to perform this command, you need the right hand to bring his face a treat or favorite toy, and left to hold his stomach so that to prevent the dog to sit or lie down. At the same time to say "Stop!". It will be useful with Goodies for this team to make the puppy to get up from a lying or sitting position.
Train your dog the fundamental skills, you can be sure that in the future she will be given not only the team's third unit, but a special service. To teach a dog novice dog breeder to help the training school.