With abdominal pain what to give the child? Possible causes of pain, doctor's recommendations
To problems with the stomach, many adults are just as frivolous as migraines - "it will hurt and pass by itself". But if a daughter or son is complaining about such an ailment, it's just necessary to pay attention, and do not even think of writing off such behavior to vagaries and a desire to attract attention. How to cope with this problem, with pain in the abdomen what to give the child from the medication? A detailed description of the symptoms of common diseases and the answer to the question of when to postpone a visit to a doctor is especially for you in our article.
Will it hurt and pass by itself?
Pain in the abdomen of children can occur for a variety of reasons. So, if the child has not exactly fallen down and struck, but complains of malaise, one should quickly analyze his nutrition in recent days. Sharp abdominal pain can occur with banal overeating, the use of incompatible products together, harmful or substandard / spoiled food.
In this case, the digestive system disorder can manifest not only unpleasant sensations, but also be accompanied by such symptoms as vomiting, diarrhea, bloating and flatulence. If the baby, before deteriorating state of health, ate something new for himself or frankly harmful, one can not panic. Also, it is not worth worrying, if there is any doubt about the freshness / quality of the products or whether the child simply overeaten - which often happens during the holidays.
Treatment in this case is simple - some time not to feed the child, while not limiting it to drinking and waiting until the abdominal pains are over. You can give simple water or sweet black tea. It is especially important to prevent dehydration of the body with liquid stool. Offer your child a drink, even if he does not ask and remind you to drink.
With diarrhea, you can give activated charcoal or Smectou in a dosage suitable for age. However, if the child's condition worsens or remains unchanged after 6 hours after the onset of the first symptoms, you should see a doctor.
When is a specialist consultation needed?
There are three types of pain: aching, acute and colic (usually seen in newborn babies). Ask the child as accurately as possible to describe their malaise. The most dangerous is acute or dagger pain. These are strong and unceasing unpleasant sensations that can also give to neighboring areas and parts of the body. Will the usual medications for abdominal pain in this case, what to give the child to alleviate his condition? Every parent should remember that discomfort in the stomach can cause serious illness.
If the pain is acute, you should immediately consult a doctor or even call an ambulance. Before the arrival of a specialist, do not give medications, try to distract the child and improve his condition - gently stroke the stomach, talk with the baby or show him a cartoon.
So, the indications for urgent hospitalization or calling a doctor is a prolonged intense pain. In this case, the child can not find a place, rushes and screams. If any pain lasts more than three hours, and there are no improvements, it is better not to delay the recourse for qualified help. Blood in feces or vomiting is an unequivocal pretext for calling an ambulance.
A quick reaction is required from the parents in the event that the child ate / drank some medicine, a household chemical or other dangerous and harmful substance. Before the doctor comes it is not recommended to give drugs that eliminate symptoms, and use traditional medicine. Lay the baby and help him to take the most comfortable position.
Problems with the tummy of the smallest
It is not easy for young parents to take care of a newborn, not only because of lack of experience. The baby can not explain his feelings and complain to parents. How to understand that the baby has a stomachache? Their discontent is expressed by the only available means - crying. If the child does not sleep well, eats little or refuses to eat at all - most likely, the reason is in colic.
Also, with problems with the tummy, the baby knocks and draws the knees to the chest. Colic occurs in many babies and usually terminate at the age of 4-6 months, they do not require special treatment. If the child's anxiety is accompanied by fever, vomiting, the appearance of blood in the stool - urgent medical consultation is necessary. The symptoms described above may indicate a food allergy or an intestinal obstruction.
The preschooler has a stomach ache
To assess the condition and well-being of a child under the age of 2 can only by his behavior and mood. If the child is inactive, crying and refuses to eat - it is likely that the problem is in the tummy. At the same time, at the age of over a year, the causes of problems with digestion are most often "adults": food poisoning and allergy, overeating, infectious diseases.
At the age of more than 2 years, many children can consciously explain what is hurting or showing them with their hands. After listening to the complaints of the child, parents should compare and analyze all the symptoms. If the abdominal pain in a child of 5 years is irregular and appeared only recently, and the general condition of the baby is good - you can try to cope with the problem at home. Invite the child to sleep or just lie down quietly. Give a suitable medicine to improve digestion.
Similarly, you can do with diarrhea or vomiting (if symptoms are observed separately). Remember that a loose stool (over a short period of time) is only a sign of a simple digestive system disorder, and one-time vomiting can be observed due to coughing or overeating.
The stomach hurts, but not the stomach ...
Systematic discomfort in any part of the body is an excuse for going to the hospital. An interesting fact is that abdominal pain and nausea in a child can occur without any physiological reasons. In this case, most likely, the whole thing is in the psychoemotional state of the patient. This phenomenon is called functional pain. In this examination of internal organs, there are no deviations from the norms. The reason is often found in overwork, overloads of the nervous system, disturbances and stresses. This may seem strange, but to treat such pains, you should consult a psychologist. However, to begin in any case is worth a visit to a gastroenterologist and examination. Remember that regular abdominal pains in the navel of a child can also testify about pathologies of internal organs.
How to treat functional pain?
If a child regularly complains about unpleasant feelings, the most important thing for parents is to keep calm. You can not ignore these complaints and frankly "do not hear" the child, but also make a fuss every time when the little tummy is ill - also not worth it. Visit a specialist is necessary. And once it is confirmed that the pain is really functional, you can start treatment.
Start to lead a special "diary". It should record all the bouts of pain, indicating in what situations they appear, and that helps to feel better. An analysis of these records by a doctor will help to establish the specific causes of the problem and help to reduce the intensity of unpleasant sensations, and then completely forget about them. Parents should try to create a favorable atmosphere at home and something to carry away the baby. You can invite him to start attending sections and circles on interests, or to come up with some kind of homemade hobby for the child.
What medicines can be given in order to ease the stitching pains in the abdomen? If you are sure that discomfort appears against the background of psychological problems, you can give "Ibuprofen" or another universal pain reliever, suitable for the child by age. After a quiet rest and sleep, functional pain also recedes - offer the child a good rest.
We collect a first aid kit for a child: medicines for stomach pain that must be in every home
It is undesirable to engage in self-medication, and sometimes it is not at all safe. But we all know that situations are different. How to choose the right drug for abdominal pain, what to give the child to eliminate unpleasant symptoms? In order to normalize digestion in overeating or eating poorly combined foods, you can try to take medications such as: Mezim, Festal, Creon. With diarrhea and nausea, you can take "Toast" or "Regidron". Heartburn in children is treated with Maalox, Rennie, Almagel.
What kind of medicine from an adult medicine cabinet will help with abdominal pain, what to give to a child, if there are no special children's preparations at hand? A universal means for discomfort in the abdominal cavity is considered to be "No-shpa". This drug relieves bouts of urolithiasis and makes you feel better with spastic constipation. If all the symptoms of food poisoning (vomiting, diarrhea and stomach pain) are simultaneously observed, you can try giving the child activated charcoal, Entereroz or Smecta. Attention: before you give any medicine to a child, carefully read the annotation and accurately calculate the dosage by age or weight of the baby. If possible, even with home treatment it is recommended to consult a doctor.
Infectious diseases - this is what many parents are afraid of most. It is not necessary to panic, as well as at any other illness or disease, the most important - in time and correctly to diagnose. Pain in the left side of the abdomen, in the right or near the navel - all these symptoms can be a manifestation of infection. It is important to understand that diseases of this category can affect various organs and differ in the type of pathogen to: viral, bacterial and mixed.
With infections of the urogenital system, there is a change in urination. In this case, the child complains of pain in the abdomen and often goes to the toilet. Elevated body temperature, diarrhea and vomiting are the signs of most infectious diseases. Remember that any infection is quite dangerous. Accordingly, at the first suspicions that the disease is caused by viruses or bacteria, it is necessary to contact the clinic.
Symptoms of appendicitis
Appendicitis is often considered a disease purely adult, and this is a great misconception. In fact, this pathology is often observed in children older than 1.5 years. Appendicitis is very rare in infants. But the schoolchildren 10-12 years of age, this diagnosis is often made, it is believed that the most exposed to him boys.
Appendicitis is especially dangerous at a young age. The sooner a correct diagnosis is made and the treatment is started, the more effective it will be and the risk of developing dangerous complications will be less. What are the signs of this pathology?
If a child complains of pain in the abdomen constantly, and he does not get better after sleep, a visit to the doctor is mandatory! In this case, the localization of unpleasant sensations can be different. There is not always a classic version of pain - right, below the stomach. Discomfort can be felt near the navel or epigastrium. To guard parents is also the fact that abdominal pains in the navel of a child occur when the position of the body changes, coughing or crying. Sometimes there may be vomiting or diarrhea. With appendicitis, the body temperature usually rises, the baby becomes sluggish and drowsy, and can refuse to eat. Give painkillers or other medicines for such symptoms is not possible - you need to immediately consult a doctor.
Other common causes of abdominal pain
There is no such child who accidentally did not fall or did not participate in the fight. Even the quietest and peaceful kid can be pushed by peers or he stumbles from time to time on his own. What should I do if, after getting an injury, complaints of abdominal pain begin?
Damage to the abdominal cavity can be of an open and closed type. In the first case it is necessary to call an ambulance, which will hospitalize the patient. In the second one, one should try to assess the general state of the child. If there are complaints of pain, but the kid is still active, does not refuse to eat and sleeps normally - most likely, nothing serious has happened, but in this case the specialist's consultation will not be superfluous.
When there is vomiting, rapid pulse and general weakness after getting injured, you should immediately go to the hospital. Pay special attention if the child complains of pain in the left side of the abdomen. In this case, damage to the spleen is possible.
A lot of concern for children and hernia. They can be internal and superficial, sometimes they are probed on the abdomen. Unpleasant sensations arise when the hernia is trapped, self-medication is impossible in this case - it is necessary to visit the doctor and prescribe the appropriate therapy option.
Do not forget about such diseases as ulcer and gastritis. Once it was believed that only adults were affected. But today more and more often these diagnoses are put to teenagers and even younger schoolchildren. What is interesting is that the cause is not always found in malnutrition, in children at risk, taking certain medicines with courses and suffering from certain chronic diseases.
With individual attention should be paid to the child's complaints of stitching pain in the abdomen in the event that not too long ago the baby underwent surgical treatment. And this is another case, when for diagnosis and treatment should contact a doctor immediately.