Sphynx breeds: Don, Canadian, St. Petersburg
Sphynx is a unique breed. These hairless cats are favorites of fashion and art figures, as well as supporters of spiritual practices and simply creative personalities. Mystical properties of sphinxes are attributed to the exotic appearance and unusual character.
If you believe the legend, the first Sphynx breeds sacrificed their fur to warm the hosts - the gods. In fact, these animals owe their appearance to genetics. Features of the skin and lack of hair in these cats are determined by nature. However, despite this, the habits of these amazing creatures, their special manner of looking directly at the person in the eyes of the uninitiated observer, seem to be a manifestation of animal magnetism.
Sphinx: a description of the breed, history
Bald cats met in ancient times. Several rock paintings and legends say that the representatives of this breed have found refuge with the great Aztecs. It is possible that the heroes of myths in their time were Mexican hairless cats, whose breed, unfortunately, disappeared in the last century, but managed to make a real sensation at American profile exhibitions.
The Mexican brothers, judging by the photo, differed from the modern sphinxes by a longer body, a mustache and a large wedge-shaped head. However, in the cold season of these creatures on the tail and back grew thick wool. The skin of representatives of this breed in its structure is very similar to the human. Significant difference from other cats is that bald creations sweat all over. Their sweat leaves a brownish hue on the skin, and also has a characteristic smell, which can not be called unpleasant.
The Don Sphinx
The Don sphynx breed differs from other breeds in slender, high and thin legs. Also they are distinguished by graceful oval feet and long, almost like a person's fingers. Representatives of this breed are extremely affectionate, easy-to-care, omnivorous animals. They are not afraid of the cold, hot to the touch, but, despite this, they sleep under the blanket.
The Don Sphinx, whose features consist in such long fingers, located on the front paws, and the ability to use them, extremely tenderly to people. However, in relation to other animals, especially cats, they can show greater selectivity.
The Canadian Sphynx breed is not just a cat without wool. Of course, a bald body is the most distinctive feature of these creatures, but it is by no means the only one. The head, morphology, eyes, ears and even character should correspond to a number of criteria that dictate the breed standard.
St. Petersburg Sphinx, or St. Petersburg
Cats are St. Petersburg sphinxes, or peterbolds - these are medium-sized elegant and elegant animals, muscular and slender. The body is unusually flexible and stretched. What does the St.Petersburg Sphinx look like? What kind of appearance should these exotic animals have? The standard of the breed dictates to them the presence of a long and slender neck, and also a very long whip-like tail. Their chest and shoulders should not be wider than the hips. These animals - owners of long and slender limbs and oval graceful paws, on which are located long fingers.
Sphinx is a peterbald - the owner of a wedge-shaped head. Wedge starts from the nose of the nose, and then expands in straight lines towards the ears. These cats have a slightly convex profile line. Flat forehead and long straight nose. The muzzle of these animals is rather narrow. It has a well-defined chin, which is in the vertical plane with the tip of the nose.
Representatives of this breed have almond-shaped, slightly obliquely set eyes. Usually their color is blue or intense green. Sphynx kittens - holders of very large pointed ears, wide at the base, set so as to continue the line of the wedge. At these animals the mobile and gentle skin. It can be as completely naked, and covered with a light fluff. The sphinx is characterized by abundant folds in the head region, less on the body. Young representatives of this breed can have a residual wool cover on the tail, limbs and muzzle, which completely disappears by two years. Recognized all the colors of these amazing animals.
Sphynx intelligence: can these cats or to execute commands?
All breeds of the Sphinx are quite easy to learn and very smart. Their memory, character, and also sense of the elementary logic are a little bit similar to canines. The Sphynx cat will learn to perform tricks after several training sessions, bring small objects in the teeth to the owner, open windows, doors and even the lid of the washing machine. These animals are easy to train. Sphynx kittens are able to remember their first name from the first time. In addition, while walking on a leash, the animals do not experience any discomfort.
All Sphynx breeds have long fingers with well-developed claws. They are extremely sensitive and mobile. That's why these animals are able to carry objects and manage them. These amazing creatures by nature are very sociable and curious. This allows them to easily socialize. The Sphinx, whose character and habits will bring pleasure and joy to the owners, will become a welcome inhabitant of any home. Striving to be the center of attention, this animal can walk everywhere, follow the master or even watch TV.
Socialization of representatives of the Sphynx breed: with whom does the naked cat get along?
The Sphynx cat is a very sociable creature, which is not at all afraid of other large animals, including dogs. Because of the decorative look, he has absolutely no hunting instincts. However, this disadvantage is easily compensated for by a high capacity for adaptability and socialization. Any breed of the sphinx will quickly and successfully sort out the hobbies and habits of its owners. This will become the basis for building further relationships and a common style of communication. Representatives of this breed have well developed mimic features, as well as the ability to change the intonation and timbre of the voice.
These animals intuitively understand that without a human being they can not survive. Sphynxes are deprived not only of a warm coat, but also of a mustache, which in ordinary furry creatures are a radar for the full life of the getter and the hunter. Remember that all the Sphynx breeds are domestic. If such a cat for some reason is on the street, then it will simply die on the first day of sudden freedom.
Sphynxes are demanding in terms of communication, but at the same time highly appreciate the authority of the owner. They like very much when they are given the maximum possible attention. For example, when you play with them, talk or take pictures. Representatives of this breed just get along perfectly well with both very young and grown up children. These playful animals will fully share the concerns and interests of the kids. In addition, the durable and elastic skin of these amazing creatures does not have bright points of pain, which allows them to calmly treat casual rudeness during gaming.
The nature of hairless cats: features and preferences
Representatives of this breed are holders of a compliant and soft character. These creatures are very loving and devoted to their owners. The temperament of the sphinxes is mobile, but even. It is very difficult to make this animal nervous or angry. Representatives of this bare breed are very kind and kind. They are not at all inclined to display aggression - this trait was rejected during fine selection. Bald cats rarely scratch (only in the game and very gently) and do not bite. Representatives of this breed do not know what revenge and harmfulness are. They do not have the habit of taking offense at the owners even after the punishment. The hardest thing for bald cats is loneliness, as they are very demanding in communication and communicative.
Training Sphynx: how to express discontent?
All breeds of sphinxes are easily amenable to education and have an excellent memory. Unlike their brethren, they are not vindictive, never take offense, and also always strive to reconcile themselves. Representatives of this breed perfectly understand the words of discontent such as "You can not!", But extremely badly react to rudeness and aggression in any of its manifestations. As a rule, they are simply frightened, cease to understand the essence of what is happening and in the future will repeat their mistake again.
In no case can not poke their muzzle in the newly created puddle and even more so to beat. All breeds of the Sphinx have an extremely gentle psyche. In a stressful situation or during a punishment, this creature will not only be offended, but will also suffer a trauma that will be difficult to correct.
How can you express your dissatisfaction with the behavior of an animal? First of all, it is necessary to remember that in no case it is impossible to punish representatives of this breed. Express their displeasure and hostility at the time of the crime, using a soft but fairly strict tone of voice. Believe, the animal will immediately understand that it has done something wrong.
If a bald creation goes to the toilet where it is not supposed to be done, immediately sprinkle it with water. No less effective is the fall of noisy objects, for example a large bunch of keys, on the floor or clapping hands and other sound effects.
If a representative of the Sphynx breed has spoiled your curtains or wallpaper, then you should purchase more toys, as well as a special gymnastic corner designed for moving cats. It must be remembered that the sphinxes are great lovers of domestic and garden plants. To ensure that bald creatures do not spoil your flowers, figs and flower beds, plant a long rectangular pot of special grass.
Remember that the key aspect of educating a representative of the Sphynx breed is communication with your pet. As often as possible, play with him, speak out loud. Unusual manner of these animals to look directly into the eyes of their owner will be able to locate the owner to deep long monologues.
Walking and exercise for hairless cats
Representatives of the Sphynx breed are not created for living outside the house, therefore in regular walks these animals do not need. However, sun baths and fresh air are sometimes needed by these bald creations. If you have a desire, you can bring your pet for a walk on the soft green grass in a sunny and warm, but not hot weather. There will be enough one or two walks per month.
Representatives of this breed like to sunbathe. In the summer months, their color becomes more warm colors. Owners of sphinxes will be superfluous to take care of that for a favorite a soft pillow was always prepared on a balcony or a window sill. Representatives of this breed are not inclined to neglect the opportunity to soak up the sun. However, owners need to ensure that sunbathing does not last too long. Remember that sphinxes, like humans, can get burned, after which their skin will begin to cloud.
What is the best kind of exercise for sphinxes? Of course, the game! Owners of this breed should pay special attention to their pets, buy them toys, gymnastic shells and various labyrinths so that the pet does not feel sad and find employment even in your absence. The sphinxes are very hot to the touch. Their average body temperature is about 39-40 degrees. Kittens of this breed and at all resemble a heating pad. In some cases, their body temperature can reach 42 degrees.
Sphynx care: are there any global differences?
Despite the fact that the representatives of this breed have a sufficiently vulnerable, fragile and at the same time exotic appearance, caring for them is not too different from caring for ordinary cats. Because of the lack of hair, naked pets are more sensitive to drafts and low temperatures. The optimum temperature for them in the room is from 20 to 25 degrees. In cold winter and autumn months, better wear a warm suit on your pet. He will definitely like this decision.
Representatives of the Sphynx breed sweat much more than other cats. In this case, their sweat turns into a brown coating on the skin, which, in turn, has certain protective properties and a specific odor. If this raid with time becomes too much, then, most likely, your pet is disturbed metabolism, so it is wise to correct its diet and diet.
Owners need to regularly wipe the skin of their pet with a damp sponge. A representative of the Sphynx breed can be bathed if desired, but this should not occur more than twice a week. If funds permit, you can buy a special shampoo or use a mild soft soap for children that has a low level of acidity. After taking a bath home pet should be carefully wiped off and make sure that he does not sit in the draft.
Representatives of this breed in the ears quickly accumulate dark secretions. To get rid of them you need to wipe the ears of your pet as it is contaminated with a cotton swab dipped in water. Like many other representatives of domestic cats, the sphinx can not fully grasp the claws in urban conditions. To home pet does not scratch itself, you need to gently trim the tips of the claws for three to four millimeters.
Sphinx and your apartment: where is the danger?
If in the near future you are going to start a Sphinx, then you, as a future owner, need to be prepared to keep the house in perfect purity. Any things left unattended, be it needles, small beads, threads and buttons, can spur the natural curiosity of a representative of this breed. A pet may want to taste an unfamiliar object.
The same rule applies to all the delicacies that are on your table. There is no need to indulge the whims of your pet. It is better to deny him once again in a tidbit that is not for him, than to take a cat to veterinary clinics. In addition, you need to be careful with sharp objects, because your home favorite can easily play with scissors, a fork or a knife and hurt yourself in the game. It is better to determine in advance where your pet will be eating. It is necessary to purchase three bowls: for natural products, water and dry food.
Representatives of the Sphynx breed are very thermophilic creatures who are not averse to sleeping with their beloved masters. Do not refuse your pet in this weakness. For a day rest bald cat is to buy a small cozy and warm house, which will be equipped with a warm mattress and bedding. Remember that the house must be cleaned every few days. Kogtetochka will be a salvation for your furniture - in this case your pet will not show interest in wallpaper, furniture, carpets and your personal belongings.
Representatives of the Sphynx breed: what to feed?
Your pet's well-being depends directly on the right diet and diet. When organizing feeding of representatives of the Sphynx breed, the owner of the animal should adhere to the following general rules.
- It is necessary to feed a pet from time to time in the same place.
- The owner of the animal should give sufficient attention to the choice of cat bowls. The optimal option is a stable shallow dish, in which food will be superimposed, and one more deeper bowl for water.
- The diet of the representative of the Sphynx breed should be balanced by the number of minerals and useful trace elements.
Scientists have proved that cats react to the shade of their bowl, because it is perceived as a signal to that soon the animal will be fed. Therefore, the owner's dishes must necessarily differ in color from the dishes of the pet.
Whichever feeding regime is chosen by the owner of the bald creation, he should remember that the pet's diet should include the necessary amount of fats, proteins, vitamins and carbohydrates. Remember that it is better to limit the representative of the Sphynx breed in the use of products such as cereals, potatoes, bread and cereals.