Breed rhodonite — chicken with high egg production
Chickens breed rhodonite were bred artificially specially for factories as birds with high egg production. Let's see how they get along on conventional farms.
The origin of the breed
Rhodonite — chickens that have been bred Sverdlovsk breeders with the aim of increasing productivity. Work on the breed began in 2006, and after 6 years on the market was presented a new kind of bird with high egg production. Based on the maternal line breed lorman brown, and fathers were used red cockerels Rhode island.
One of the features that boasts of chicken breeds rhodonite is maintaining egg production in the winter even in an unheated room. Birds of this breed is agile, active. They are not demanding in terms of content and suitable even for beginners in poultry. But do not forget that these chickens were bred for factory content, so have some of the features.
Work on improvement of livestock is ongoing, today there are new variants of species — rhodonite-2, sometimes-3.
What are the external these rocks rhodonite? The hen differs from the cock immediately after birth, and sexual characteristics can be determined from day-old Chicks. Hens are brown color, lighter head and back, dark area around the eyes. And the males, on the contrary, have light color and dark head, bright eye area.
Adult birds are often confused with their relatives – breeds, Lohmann brown and Rhode island. Rhodonite — chicken, which has a small head, yellow beak with a stripe, large red earrings and a comb. Color brown on the tail and the wings can be grayish hue. Feather dense, appressed to the body. Bird is lightweight, with a thin skeleton, a brisk and active. The chicken weighs 2 kg, Cockerel – 3 kg.
There is another nice feature of the breed rhodonite: a hen starts to lay eggs at an early age – 4-5 months. Egg production is about 300 eggs per year. The egg is brown or white, weight — 60 g Peak productivity occurs in the first year and a half of living birds. When laying hens rhodonite up to two years, egg production starts to significantly fall. In this case, the bird can be rejuvenated with a special vaccine. This procedure will extend the productivity of chickens for another year and a half.
Rhodonite — chickens, having the glory of the unpretentious birds. But they are designed for living primarily on poultry farms, one of the most important conditions – the presence in the room is good ventilation. Home chicken coop this could be a function of the window or covered with a mesh hole in the wall. Drafts should not be allowed.
The ceilings in the chicken coop must be at least 1.7 m tall. Birds don't like too tight fit, so no need to occupy more than 20 individuals per 10 square meters.
As mentioned above, chickens breed rhodonite maintain egg production even at low temperatures, but in the henhouse should not be colder than -2 C. Heat birds carry quite feel comfortable even in the heat (up to about 28 C).
A few words about the organization of the house. The Windows should go on the South side, but the door is better to do in the East, where in the winter will baste less snow. At the rear are roosts at a height of about 1 m.
Rush chickens in boxes made of boards, the bottom of which is lined with hay or straw. For a family of 4-5 chickens need a single box. In place of walking or in the chicken coop installed capacity filled with sand or a mixture with ash. Chickens bathe in this mixture, it helps to get rid of parasites. In addition, birds choose from sand, small stones for digestion.
At low altitude, installed water troughs along the side walls of the trough for wet and dry food. If you equip the trough sides, the food will scatter on the floor.
Needs chicken breed rhodonite in the diet did not differ from the needs of other hens. In addition to the combined feed poultry require vegetables, fresh herbs, grains, and calcium. In the hens ' diet should be minerals and supplements that help the birds to compensate for the deficiency of calcium. Daily laying hens should use crushed chalk, coquina, shell, crushed limestone. To improve digestion to give the chickens need gravel or sand with small pebbles.
To the Amateur poultry farmers from different factories gets rhodonite. Chicken of this breed is a good layer, but not the best hen. In addition, when crossbred cock and hen chickens will not inherit all the breed characteristics of the parents. The fact that the rhodonite is a cross-breed that is a hybrid. Such a hybrid is the result of simple crossing. Livestock specialists are working on breeding progeny, strictly adhering to certain rules. Can be used double crossing or a blood transfusion.
The effect of hybridization is especially vivid in the first generations of birds, and subsequently quenched. This is the reason that breeding hens breed rhodonite at home does not make sense. Breeding is possible only in industrial conditions.
The life of hybrids egg breeds short, they are designed for high productivity early in life, and once the results are reduced, they are allowed on the meat. In the same way you need to act at home, constantly updating the population. To acquire the chicken or the egg in the incubator have at the factory, ignoring the private messages, as pedigreed chickens on a conventional farmstead can not grow.