Nutrition for a 4 month old child: diet, diet, complementary foods
The nutrition of a 4-month-old baby should be monotonous, but useful. The fact is that at this age the baby's stomach can not yet process large volumes of heavy carbohydrates, but with lactose copes without difficulty. Nevertheless, it is worth thinking about expanding the baby's diet.
Diet in 4 months
To begin with, you should determine and make a general routine. At 6.30 in the morning it is recommended to feed the baby for the first time (early breakfast). For 8.00 the baby must be awake. Then for 2 hours the child needs to sleep. Morning sleep is the strongest and most useful, after the night.
At 10.30 it's time for the second feeding. Then one and a half hours of wakefulness, which can end with an easy massage. Daytime sleep begins at 12.30. At this time it is recommended to take a walk so that the baby can sleep in the fresh air. This is very useful for the respiratory system and brain activity of the child.The third feeding should be closer to 14.30. Then again the period of wakefulness and sleep. Supper the child can at 18.00 or at 18.30 (at the request of the baby). During the evening wakefulness it is recommended to bathe an infant and do gymnastic exercises to strengthen the muscular system. The last feeding begins closer to 22.30. After it, you should put the baby to sleep at night.
It is important at this stage to build just such a diet 4-month baby. The intervals between feedings should be from 3.5 to 4 hours.
Diet in 4 months
From 17-18 weeks of life the baby should gradually pass to 5-time feeding. In this case, the diet of a 4-month-old baby needs to be expanded, supplementing it with new vitamin products. In a day, the baby should eat 1/6 of its mass. One serving is approximately equal to 180 g.The first product, which is allowed to replenish the food of a 4-month-old baby, is broccoli. This vegetable is rich in vitamins and microelements, necessary for strengthening immunity. In fact, at the initial stage of expanding the baby's diet, virtually all vegetables are allowed, except for potatoes, carrots and beets.
Children who feed on breast milk are easier to tolerate the introduction of new products. Therefore, by the end of the fourth month they are allowed to give a spoonful of apple juice. At this age, mother's milk (mixture) should remain the main source of nutrition. All other products are additional.
The nutrition of a 4-month-old baby should be rich not only with carbohydrates and proteins, but also with vegetable fats. At this age, the children lay the foundation of a healthy organism. That is why it is so important to gradually introduce new products into the diet from 4 months.
Any juices at this age are not recommended, as in most cases they lead to an allergic reaction and strong colic. A similar supply of vitamins and microcomponents is available in various vegetables and fruits.Food for complementary foods must be in semi-liquid form. Puree is made from boiled (on steamed) foods on a blender. Bananas can be grated on a fine grater. Lure it is recommended to give a few minutes before the main feeding in a small amount (1-2 teaspoons). The transition from one new product to another is done only after 7-10 days, so that the stomach has enough time for habituation.
In the diet of a 4-month-old baby, you can not yet enter meat or fish. If the baby has a skin rash on his face or body, the new product should be immediately removed from the diet. Also, an allergic reaction can manifest itself in the form of constipation, diarrhea, gneiss, flatulence.
To begin with, feeding a 4-month-old baby can consistently enrich broccoli, cauliflower and zucchini. Each vegetable is introduced separately for 1-2 weeks. If an allergic reaction from mashed potatoes is not followed, you can expand the diet to cereal. By consistency, they must be liquid, so that the child can eat them through the nipple.At this age, buckwheat and oatmeal are best. Some experts advise also rice, but because of it babies often have indigestion and constipation. The introduction of porridge is also carried out gradually, starting from the year 30.
In 4 months the lure should not replace the full feeding. It is allowed to give new products 1-2 times a day before the main meal in a ratio of 50 to 50.
By the end of the month, you can enter into the ration of puree from pumpkin and banana. Of the fruits should be selected only the most non-allergenic, such as pear, apple. It is important that the mashed potatoes are made from boiled foods, and not fresh, grated.
Approximate daily menu
The first and last feeding must necessarily be nursing. At 10.00 as a complementary meal, vegetable puree with a drop of olive oil is allowed. After 10-15 minutes you need to start the main meal. Before the lunch or evening feeding breast milk baby can give 2 teaspoons of semi-liquid baby cottage cheese.The nutrition of a 4-month-old artificial child is allowed to vary with a special kefir, that is, a fermented milk mixture. It is best to start a new day (first breakfast). It is worth noting that the main food remains a mixture. As morning complementary foods closer to 10.00, you can alternate buckwheat porridge and vegetable puree. In the evening, it is allowed to give the child 2 teaspoons of baby cottage cheese or a banana.
Intervals between feedings should be up to 4 hours, except for night (about 8 hours). It is important to adhere to the established diet, so that the baby's stomach adapts faster. When breastfeeding portions should be slightly less than with artificial. Compotes and soups at such an early age are forbidden. Lure in the form of vegetable and fruit purees should pass from the spoon, porridge - from the bottle.