Spots in children: causes, treatment
The detection of the child on the skin of age spots is alarming not only of parents but also of doctors. If these tumors need to remove them? Answer these questions and also explain why age spots appear in children.
Human skin is a complex defense mechanism that protects the body from excessive loss of moisture, adverse external factors, the penetration of pathogenic microorganisms. In the described processes, an important role is played by the melanin. But the excess of this substance leads to its accumulation point. This concentration of substances called skin pigmentation. The factors that contribute to the development of this condition, we will explain below.
The reasons for the formation
The child noticed the spots? Their causes can be different. In medical literature there are two large groups of factors that may provoke the formation of pigmentation on skin:
So, for the first category is genetic predisposition. If the immediate family is susceptible to the formation of age spots, then the probability of their occurrence and the child.
Also to the innate factors include skin lesions that appear as a result of complications during labor.
The child appeared spots? The reasons for this state can be a disease of the internal organs or the adverse impact of external factors. In particular, the appearance of cutaneous neoplasm may provoke the following factors:
- diseases of the gastrointestinal tract
- hormonal changes
- the metabolic
- the abrupt change of climate and diet
- taking certain medicines.
In children, including newborns, there are the following types of dark spots:
In some cases, required the removal of pigment spots, in others this is not necessary. Therefore, it is crucial to conduct a medical examination of the baby to determine the type and nature of skin lesions.
Will tell you more about each.
This type of skin pigmentation is common in newborns. The color of the growths can vary from light beige to dark brown. There are such spots in children on any part of the body, but most occur on the face, arms, legs and back.
Coffee tumors can occur within the first two weeks of baby's life and then disappear without a trace a few months later. To treat these spots is not necessary — they do not cause any disturbances in the healthy functioning of the body crumbs.
Hemangioma is a pink or red spot on the skin. It differs from other types of pigment spots is that it is not the accumulation of melanin, a benign tumor that is formed as a result of damage to blood vessels. According to medical statistics, such spots in children during the first six months are common. In addition, it is noted that among girls similar tumors occur more often.
The reasons for the development of such tumors are intrauterine disorders of the formation of the circulatory system of the fetus and complications during delivery. In 70% of cases the tumor disappears independently to 7 years. Of the remaining 30% — 10% of children marked involution of the hemangioma in adolescence. This happens due to the hormonal changes.
This kind of pigmentation can be formed not only on the skin but also on internal organs, disrupting their work. So the hemangioma may be hazardous to health and life of the child. If there is pink or red spots on the child's hand, face, occipital area, the abdomen, there is a need for a full medical examination of the child patient and further majoring in surveillance of tumors.
Whether to treat a hemangioma?
Such a skin defect in children as hemangioma, it is recommended to remove in the following cases:
- there has been a rapid growth of the tumor
- changed the color pigmentation
- spot bleeding.
Treatment of the hemangioma can be conservative and surgical. Last conducted for babies over three months if there are medical indications. Removal of pigment spots is possible using these conservative methods, such as:
- injection quinine
- radiation therapy;
Telangiectasia or "stork bite"
Every third newborn is born with pink spots on the back of the head, temple, forehead, or cheeks. The people of this pigmentation are called "stork bite", in medicine it is denoted by a complex term "teleangiectasia".
The cause of these stains is in-utero pressure of the pelvis of the mother to the baby. It happens at the end of the third trimester, when the fetus is in the uterus occipital head-down. In addition, during passage through the birth canal is also possible trauma to the skin, which leads to the formation of such pigmentation in the newborn.
Telangiectasia can gradually becomes paler, but in some cases last a lifetime. Health hazards such spots in children are not and treatment can not be.
Naevus is nothing like a mole. But as you know, these spots, under certain conditions, can transform into a malignant tumor. Therefore, such skin defects require medical supervision. If you change the color, size of spots, the formation of nodules on it, you have a large number of moles — should be to conduct a survey of neoplasms in terms of their purity.
The reason for the appearance of nevi can be a genetic predisposition or endocrine diseases. Depending on the reasons for the formation and nature of pigmentation, your doctor may recommend conservative or surgical treatment.
This type of pigmentation is a type of nevus. Externally is a large pigment spot the child that is similar to a hematoma, which is most often found on the buttocks, lower back or leg. In 90% of cases occurs in children Mongoloid race. In our country most often with this skin defect are born the kids of mixed marriages. Reasons for the emergence of the "Mongoloid spots" are the genetic characteristics of melanin from representatives of various nationalities: Chinese, Japanese, Africans, Indians, Pakistanis and others.
This pigment spot is not at risk for the health of the baby and in most cases disappears or is significantly lighter self to 5 years.
Freckles, or "kissing the sun", appear in children older than one year if there is a genetic predisposition. They are a tone darker than the main colour. In addition, in summer, under the sunlight, the spots become brighter, but in winter, on the contrary, pale. Orange-brown "konopelski" cover cheeks, forehead, chin. Meet freckles on the shoulders, back, legs.
This pigment, the skin used to be considered characteristic of the lower class people. Today freckles are a reflection of the personality of their owner. In addition, it is noted that such spots gradually fade starting at 25 years of age.
However, quite often the owners of the "sun spots" are turning to professionals to remove such pigmentation. Methods of eliminating freckles are very different:
- cosmetic whitening remedies and folk recipes
- chemical peels
- laser therapy
- removal of the light waves.
But before you make a decision about the use of the above methods, it is worth considering that the removal of pigment spots always leads to traumatization of the skin, there are often irreversible complications.
Thus, any growths on the skin of the child require examination and monitoring. If in some cases pigmentation spots in children are absolutely harmless, others are dangerous for the baby. Therefore, timely detection of problems and the provision of necessary medical care can maintain the health of the baby.