The East European shepherd dog: description of the breed character traits
Ignorant man may seem that the East European shepherd is no different from their German "sisters". Truth in this. Because the material for breeding were taken from Germany. But climatic conditions, and most importantly — the efforts of the breeders and handlers, has produced a new breed. Who is she – a shepherd from Eastern Europe? What is its similarity with the German ancestor? What is the difference from him? What is the breed standard? What a character this dog? This you learn from our article.
Before I talk about this wonderful breed, we present simple data. In the 50-60-ies of XX century on the territory of the Soviet Union, people just didn't know the other shepherds, except for Eastern European. This they carried an edge and rotational service. And some gifted "acting talents" Alsatian even became heroes of movies (faithful Ruslan, Mukhtar and dog red).
The formation of the breed
In the twenties of the last century in the young state of the Soviet Union there was an urgent need for powerful dogs. Before the Soviet handlers were tasked to breed, which could be used for service in severe climatic conditions. The dog had to be smart, tough, and loyal to the owner... and at the same time very strong. The dog was taken as a basis for developing a new breed German shepherd.
In 1924 the kennel "Red star" began with inter-breeding bloodlines husky and Mastiff similar. But the "imported" material, they had to cross close relatives. Things got better after world war II, when in the hands of dog handlers has got a lot of trophy German shepherds. The new breed was recognized in the Soviet Union in 1964. Despite the tight regional origin (USSR), she was given the name BEO – that is, the East European shepherd.
Breeding work continued. The handlers wanted to get a "universal" service dog, which could be used in all regions "the sixth part of land" — from the Arctic and the Kolyma river to the Sands of Central Asia. Alas, the German shepherd is not adapted to harsh climatic conditions. Also, the handlers had the task to change the behavioral skills of the dog. From it demanded obedience, watchdog qualities, but also the ability to make decisions in case of force majeure.
The second time the breed standard was approved in 1976. But with the collapse of the USSR it became the fashion for all things Western. The "iron curtain" fell, and people in large numbers began to have German shepherds. And for the "Soviet" breed entrenched unflattering image of the guards of the Gulag. But fans of the "Easterners" were United in the clubs. Conducted specilaty. Operated by private nurseries, where a great role to preserve the breed played a male Alsatian. "Imitators" usually had a powerful exterior and a smooth transition from the withers to the tail.
Such a selfless activity of the canine-lovers has led to the fact that the number of East European shepherd has not disappeared. On the contrary, it increased. Dogs were requested not only by the border guard service and the military. Their intelligence is allowed to keep them as companions. Unlike "Germans", East European shepherd is very attached to the children and takes them under his wing. Given all this, the breed has received new recognition. It happened in 2002. Canine organisation RKF considered independent breed EES. Was assigned a new standard. Now the breed is in great esteem in Russia. But according to the classification of the FCI East European shepherd is not recognized.
Again recall that the main source of "material" for creation of the breed was German shepherd. Eastern differs from its German ancestors more powerful physique. Males reach at the withers the height 66-76 cm. Bitches just below — see 62-72 Muscles should be well developed. In contrast to the German, Alsatian rectangular silhouette. She does not look kneeling on his hind legs, squat or short-legged. But the withers are well pronounced.
The color as "Germans", black or with a dark mask on a light background. Less desirable sable-red, fawn or grey. The nose is always black. The ears are triangular and erect, like many shepherds. Eyes, almond shaped, set slightly obliquely. Hind legs, in contrast to the German breed, straight, with well-defined hocks. In principle, the breed characterizes the capacity of the physique, and muscularity.
Unacceptable deviations from the standard
Physique in a dog of this breed should be strong, but not rude. Also the muzzle should be slightly elongated, with tight lips. This is important considering the fact that it was bred with the participation of Mastiff similar. Thin Alsatian allowed to the exhibition only in case, if the roast is combined with a strong backbone and the absence of thin and flat ribs. Also "marriage" is considered to be excessive brushlet, too much weight. Profitable fingers to remove, as the standard suggests, in Alsatian round, tight feet. This breed should be smooth back. Allowed only a very small angle of the spine from the withers to the tail. Gait at the site must be creeping easy trot with strong thrust of the hind legs.
The main differences between Eastern European and German shepherds
As mentioned above, BEO is not recognized by the international canine Federation. This breed is considered a subspecies of the German shepherd. But the Russian cynological organizations believe that the EES have many distinctive features. First, growth. "Easterners" in the standard a little higher than "Germans". Secondly, the Soviet breed more massive than their German brethren, the representatives of a broad chest. But most importantly, a conspicuous difference – the back of the dog. A German shepherd she is inclined. So it seems that the dog crouches on its hind legs. The East European shepherd has a smooth back, and withers it is only just above the sacrum. Hence, other than "German", the allure is strong tremors of the rear legs, the free movement of the limbs. There is a difference in character. Alsatian is more reasonable and calm. This breed is often found lighter color.
If the German shepherd is often brought in as a companion, this breed is grown for duty. It is the protection of property, the power to protect the wearer and detention of malefactors. Standard RKF, adopted in 2014, the dog must possess a steady and calm temperament, be mistrustful of strangers, and in case of the slightest danger to be pronounced active-defensive reaction. Excessive unmotivated aggression, as well as cowardice and nervousness, considered marriage. As a companion and pet of the whole family it is better to choose a breed of Eastern European and German shepherds. This dog will be more playful and obedient. Because the Soviet Union was bred to the dog in case of need, she took action. For protection of the territory will be the perfect mixture of East European shepherd and Caucasian.
How to get a puppy
This breed in our country is quite common. Puppies with a pedigree or without it, you can even buy ads on Bulletin Board "Craigslist". Alsatian sold there from fourteen thousand. Sometimes the price for a puppy from a particularly elite parents can reach forty thousand. Mestizos of different shepherd dogs (German and Eastern European, Caucasian or Belgian) can cost anywhere from two thousand. But the surest place to buy a puppy, fully meeting the standard for such breed as Alsatian, is a kennel. They are in Russia quite a lot. Because BEO – it's our national breed. We can recommend kennels "Valiently", "Loyal friend", "Luther" and "New Empire". Well proven dog breeders of centers "Veolar and Monsher Virsal'". Of course, the cost of the puppy there is much higher than the "bird market". But you will have a guarantee that the dog will grow up to be exactly VEO, not mestizo.
East European shepherd withdrew as universal a service dog. For many years the breed has guarded the state border, were sappers, guards and even the search engines. Thus, these dogs are prone to obedience. But this does not mean that you can do without training. Protective reflex of these dogs at the genetic level. And because they can rush to the man, up to you to ask the time. To bring such a powerful dog, you need to first months of life. First, you must instill absolute obedience. With four months you can begin training for agility, and from five to educate service quality (to guard the subjects against the aggressor).
Care Eastern European shepherd
The key to strong your pet's health is correct feeding and regular exercise. Powerful and muscular dog needs a lot of protein. Therefore, in the feed have to be meat products. Given that these animals usually eat a bowl of food at a time, it is possible to mix in a ration of cereals, cooked vegetables, dairy products, greens. At any age, but especially puppies of this breed, it is recommended to give raw sea fish. And the meat should be slightly cooked. Cow's milk can be given to puppies under one year, and then only in small quantities. But the cottage cheese, fermented baked milk and kefir is very useful for all ages Alsatian. Coat of this breed requires minimal maintenance. Don't bathe a dog more than twice a year. But you need to brush regularly. Also, do not forget about the care of teeth and ears.
Diseases of the breed
The East European shepherd has grown as a hardy and strong dog. And if you purchased a purebred EES, it is likely that it will be a survivor. But this breed has its own disease. The primary disease can affect a puppy – rickets. If the dog from childhood is sitting in a cramped cage and not getting enough calcium, it begins to lose weight and her bones become brittle. But not always, the diagnosis of "rickets" is the answer to the question why Alsatian thin. She might not be getting enough protein. This dog should not be fed scraps from the table. It requires high quality meat food.