Shepherd Eastern European: a description of the breed, features of character
It may seem to a man ignorant that the East European shepherd does not differ from his German "sister" in any way. And the truth is there. After all, the "material" for breeding was taken from Germany. But climatic conditions, and most importantly - the efforts of breeders and cynologists, produced a new breed. Who is she - a shepherd from Eastern Europe? What is its similarity to the German ancestor? What is the difference from it? What is the breed standard? What kind of character does this dog have? You will learn about this from our article.
Before we talk about this remarkable breed, we give simple data. In the 50's and 60's of the twentieth century, on the territory of the Soviet Union, people simply did not know other shepherds, except East European. They carried border guards and watchmen. And some especially gifted "actor's talents" East European shepherds even became the heroes of movies (faithful Ruslan, Mukhtar and Dog Scarlet).
Becoming a Breed
In the twenties of the last century in the young state of the USSR there was an acute need for powerful service dogs. Before the Soviet cynologists, the task was to breed a breed that could be used to perform service in harsh climatic conditions. The dog was supposed to be smart, hardy, loyal to the owner ... and at the same time very strong. The cynologists took the German shepherd as the basis for breeding a new breed.
In 1924 in the nursery "Red Star" began breeding with the inoculation of blood husks and dog-like. But the "imported" material was not enough, it was necessary to cross close relatives. It went better after World War II, when a lot of captured German shepherds got into the hands of the dog handlers. A new breed was recognized in the Soviet Union in 1964. Despite the narrow regional origins (USSR), it was given the name of the VEO - that is, the eastern European shepherd.
Breeding work continued. The cynologists wanted to get a "universal" service dog that could be used in all the regions of the "sixth part of the land" - from the Arctic and Kolyma to the sands of Central Asia. Alas, the German shepherd is not adapted to the harsh climatic conditions. Also before the dog handlers was the task to change the behavioral skills of the dog. She was required to obey, watchdog qualities, but also the ability to make decisions in force majeure.
The second time the breed standard was approved in 1976. But with the collapse of the Soviet Union there was a fashion for everything Western. "The Iron Curtain" fell, and people in large numbers began to get German Shepherds. And behind the "Soviet" breed was established the unflattering image of the guards of the Gulag. But lovers of the "east" teamed up in clubs. Specialty dog shows were held. There were private nurseries, where the dogs of the Eastern European Shepherd played a big role in preserving the breed. "Reproducer" usually had a powerful exterior and a smooth transition from withers to tail.
Such selfless activity of amateur film-lovers has led to the fact that the number of East European sheep dogs has not disappeared. On the contrary, it has increased. Dogs were requested not only by the border guard service and the military. Their intellect allowed them to be kept as companions. Unlike the "Germans", the eastern European shepherd is very attached to children and takes them under their protection. With all this in mind, the breed has gained new recognition. This happened in 2002. The cynological organization of the RKF considered it an independent breed of VEO. A new standard was fixed. Now the breed enjoys great honor in Russia. But according to the FCI classification, Eastern European sheep dogs are not recognized.
Once again, we recall that the main source material for breeding the breed was the German Shepherd. The East European differs from its German ancestors in a more powerful physique. Dogs reach a height of 66-76 centimeters at the withers. Bitches slightly lower - 62-72 cm. The musculature should be well developed. Unlike German, the Eastern European Shepherd has a rectangular silhouette. It does not produce the impression of hitting the hind legs, squat or short-legged. But the withers are well pronounced.
Color, like that of the "Germans", black or with a dark mask on a light background. Less desirable is the zone-red, fawn or gray. The nose of the nose is necessarily black. Ears are triangular, standing, like many sheep dogs. Eyes smart, almond-shaped, set slightly obliquely. Hind legs, unlike the German breed, are straight, with well-defined hocks. In principle, the breed characterizes the strength of the build, as well as muscularity.
Unacceptable deviations from the standard
The constitution of a dog of this breed should be powerful, but not rough. Also the muzzle should be slightly elongated, with tightly fitting lips. This is important, taking into account the fact that the breed was withdrawn with the participation of the dace-shaped ones. A thin East European sheep-dog is allowed to the exhibition only if such frying is combined with a powerful backbone and the absence of thin and flat ribs. Also, "marriage" is considered excessive flabbiness, too much weight. Profitable fingers need to be removed, as the standard assumes that the Eastern European sheep dog has rounded, clawed feet. This breed should have a flat back. Only a very small angle of inclination of the spine from the withers to the tail is allowed. The gait on the site should be a trailing light trot with a strong push of the hind legs.
The main differences between the East European and German Shepherds
As already mentioned above, VEO is not recognized as an international cynological federation. This breed is considered a subspecies of the German Shepherd. But the Russian cynological organizations believe that the BEE have many distinctive features. First, growth. "Vostochnik" according to the standard is slightly higher than the "Germans". Secondly, the Soviet breed is more massive than its German brothers, its representatives have a broad chest. But the main thing, a striking difference at once, is the back of the dog. At the German shepherd it inclined. Therefore it seems that the dog crouches on its hind legs. Sheepdog East European back is flat, and her withers is only slightly above the rump. Hence, and another, rather than the "German", gait - strong tremors with hind legs, free movement of limbs. There is a difference in character. Eastern European Shepherds are more reasonable and calm. This breed often has a lighter color.
If a German shepherd is often bred as a companion, then representatives of this breed are raised for service. It consists in the protection of property, power protection of the owner and detention of intruders. According to the RKF standard, adopted in 2014, the dog must have a balanced and calm temperament, be distrustful of outsiders, and in case of the slightest danger of showing a pronounced active-defensive reaction. Excessive unmotivated aggression, as well as cowardice and nervousness, is considered a marriage. As a companion and favorite for the whole family, it is better to choose a half-breed of Eastern European and German shepherds. Such a dog will be more playful and obedient. After all, in the USSR the breed was taken out for the dog to make decisions, if necessary. For the protection of the territory there will be an ideal mix of East European shepherd and Caucasian.
How to buy a puppy
This breed in our country is quite common. Puppies with or without a pedigree can be purchased even on ads on the electronic board "Avito". Eastern European Shepherds are sold there from fourteen thousand rubles. But sometimes the price for a puppy from especially elite parents can reach forty thousand. Mestizos of different sheep dogs (Eastern European and German, Caucasian or Belgian) can cost from two thousand. But the most true place where you can buy a puppy that fully meets the standard of the breed, such as the East European Shepherd Dog, is the nursery. There are a lot of them in Russia. After all, VEO is our own, domestic breed. We can recommend the nurseries "Valentlife", "Faithful Friend", "Lutar" and "New Empire". Dog handlers from the centers "Veolar" and "Montsher Virsal" proved to be quite good. Of course, the cost of the puppy there is much higher than in the "bird market". But you will have a guarantee that the dog will grow up to be a VEO, not a Métis.
The Eastern European sheepdog was taken out as a universal service dog. For many years of the breed's existence, its representatives protected state borders, were sappers, watchmen and even search engines. Thus, the Eastern European Shepherd is inclined to obedience. But this does not mean that you can do without training. A protective-protective reflex in these dogs at the genetic level. So they can rush to the person who came up to you to ask time. To bring up such a powerful dog is necessary from the first months of life. First, unconditional obedience should be instilled. From four months you can start training on agility, and from five - to bring up service qualities (guard objects, repel attacks of the aggressor).
Caring for an Eastern European Shepherd
The key to good health of your pet is proper feeding, as well as regular exercise. A powerful and muscular dog needs a lot of protein. Therefore, in the food must be meat products. Given that such animals usually eat a food basin at a time, you can mix porridge, boiled vegetables, dairy products, greens in the diet. At any age, but especially to the puppies of this breed, it is recommended to give raw sea fish. And the meat should be slightly cooked. Cow's milk can be given to puppies for up to a year, and even in small quantities. But cottage cheese, fermented baked milk and yogurt are very useful for all ages of the Eastern European sheepdog. The wool coat of this breed requires minimal maintenance. Do not bathe the dog more than twice a year. But you need to comb regularly. Also do not forget about caring for your teeth and ears.
Diseases of the breed
The East European sheepdog was raised as a hardy and strong dog. And if you have acquired a thoroughbred BEI, then, most likely, it will be a long-liver. But this breed also has its own diseases. The main ailment that can hit a puppy is rickets. If a dog sits in a cage from childhood and does not receive a sufficient amount of calcium salts, it begins to lose weight, and its bones become brittle. But not always the diagnosis of "rickets" is the answer to the question why the Eastern European sheepdog is thin. Maybe she does not get enough protein. This dog can not be fed with scraps from the table. It requires high-quality meat food.