Shepherd Bernese: description of breed
Shepherd Bernese, or, as it is often called, the Bernese mountain dog is a large herding breed that was bred in Switzerland, near the city of Bern. This is a real "model" of the dog world, they are rightly recognized as one of the most beautiful breeds in the world. In addition to the luxurious exterior of the data, this breed is the most peaceful character. They are very docile, get along with any Pets, will be the best nurse, friend and caretaker for the child.
Strong and hardy Bernese shepherd with surprising ease to tolerate any physical activity, vigilantly guarding the house and playing with the children. This dog-figures they can't without a job. Locked in the apartment all day, they start from boredom to chew on the furniture, chewing stuff. Extraordinary mobility and playfulness – that's their Forte, but she'll turn into a disadvantage if the animal lives in the city.
Switzerland gave the world this beautiful breed. These dogs are aristocratic appearance, but strength and endurance like an ox. Long, thick hair is ideal for Alpine heights. Local farmers use their animals not only for the protection of the herd and the home of the estate. Dogs love to carry a small truck loaded with, for example, milk. So the shepherd Bernese "moonlighting" and even beast of burden.
Characteristic of the breed
Shepherd Bernese is tri-colored beauty with long thick hair. She has a good body, but also very moving. She was remarkably composed in proportion to without flaws. Genetic background of this breed are very good, without many vices, as is the case with most toy dogs. This is a true specimen of physical perfection. She's brave and clever, absolutely fearless, affectionate and good with all family members, quiet with strangers. Even the arrest of the offender, made his way into the house, runs without a fuss and barking. Unnecessarily Bernese shepherd to not bite him, but only neutralize and wait for the police or owners. The training of the shepherd is always rewarding, but in the case of this breed, the Swiss joke: "They are born already trained, they just need to be reminded how sound team".
The character of a shepherd
Stop a bit more on the physical parameters. They usually weigh 45 – 47 kg, that is, the dog is quite large. Females reach 63 — 66 cm at the withers, males 66 – 68 cm, so the differences by gender they are not too obvious. If you are already familiar Bernese shepherd dog, description of the breed can be reduced to multiple terms: soft and good-natured, sensitive and cheerful vigilant Keeper but barking over nothing never will be. All deviations from the specifications are considered pathological. This applies to nature, such as atypical insecure behavior, but mostly discarded physical disabilities. It can be light bone, asymmetric cutters, solid color or white spot on the head.
A few more have to say, how is the training of the shepherd. I must say that dogs are constantly striving to physical exercise. It is for them a necessity like water and food. Therefore, the training commands should happen in the game after the first splash energy. These dogs Mature late, therefore, when an eight month old "bear", remember that you have the puppy. Only two years the dog reaches full maturity.
Raising a puppy
In your home appeared Bernese shepherd. Puppies require special attention and care, in fact, your house had a child, who already has children, he will understand. He needs you constantly, because you replaced his mother with which he was day and night. The dog can not stand too long separation needs quality nutrition. To 2 months you need to feed your pet for 4 to 5 times a day. After 3 months can be translated into three meals a day and since eight months — adult schedule of twice a day.
The diet should include dairy products: cheese, sour cream, but not milk. Very good to give porridge, cooked in beef broth. Meat (veal or beef) is also necessary for growth, once a week add a raw egg. The growth of dairy products it is necessary to remove, replacing meat and cereals. The amount of one serving for a puppy should be equal to the amount of his head. Quality dry food is also need to give your puppy, it contains a balanced complex of vitamins and minerals. Take age-appropriate food for large breeds. Kids need to dilute it with warm water and an adult dog can eat it dry. Do not forget about the obligatory presence of fresh water.
Recommendations on the content
In your personal space and needs any dog. Bernese shepherd for this especially demanding. Closed spaces, she can not tolerate, therefore, to give preference only need the private suburban home where the dog will have enough space to play and run. In addition, this breed is very poorly tolerate loneliness. In case of long absence of the owners she is sad and misses may refuse food and become ill. Caring for a dog comes down to daily communication with her, feeding, combing hair brush and playing in the fresh air. By the way, the dog is with great pleasure that will bathe if you provide him the opportunity. Therefore, if there is a pond, be sure to take water procedures together.
How to instill the rules of conduct
As has been said, this breed is late maturing. How much time you patiently explained to the child what is possible and what is not? At least 4-5 years. Here you will fully see the results after 2 years. As a small child, a young dog able to crush the apartment if you left it unattended. There are a few rules that will help to avoid this.
For a start try not to leave it for a long time. Well, if the schedule of work and study of family members is not the same, and the house always has one of the relatives. If some time he will have to be alone, try to select an isolated room and picking up a lot of his toys. Another option is a spacious cage, where toys and treats. The baby can wear it for an hour until you finish your business, without harm to your personal belongings. But this measure is suitable for short absences. In addition, the puppy should be acquainted with the cage, perhaps to sleep there nights.
When you get home, explain what is possible and what is not. If the puppy yanked the slipper, one should strictly say "mine", and replace the thing his pet. You can wean your baby to climb where it doesn't belong. To do this, put on the table a bit of food and every time the puppy pull him sharply to say is "fu" and slam the table with newspaper. Of course, any action should be repeated dozens of times until it is secured to automatism.
The future owner
And remember that the time you spend together, you need to play, caresses and rewards. Punishment, especially physical punishment, is a measure that separates you from each other. The dog will obey him friend of the owner, but not a tyrant. Just a year or two — and your pet will become adults. By this time he learns all the rules and requirements, learn to make their own decisions, be responsible for yourself and your belongings while walking around. Until then, he needs patient, attentive, and most importantly, loving caregivers. Bernese shepherd dog is the smartest dog with which even a beginner can feel like a genius trainer.