Swelling during pregnancy late periods: causes, treatment
The last months of pregnancy are always considered to be the most difficult for women. The difficulties caused not only an increase in the mass of the fetus, but also the body's reaction to a new life inside the womb. The most common problem is swelling during pregnancy in the later stages. In most cases, the cause of their occurrence is physiological in nature, but exceptions are possible. When to sound the alarm and contact your doctor you will learn from this article.
Swelling in late pregnancy — a norm or pathology?
Not every case of edema during pregnancy indicates the presence of complications. The third trimester is characterized by an increase of the uterus in size, thereby increasing pressure on the ureters. A woman has problems with urination and edema.
This problem is also diagnosed on the background of weight gain. Weight control pregnant for this reason it is mandatory. To prevent swelling or to reduce their degree of severity, doctors recommend sticking to a lacto-vegetarian diet.
To limit the amount of liquid, by contrast, is not necessary. Doctors advise to drink a day to two liters of water, but keeping a strict control over the amount of urine. Its volume should be at least 60% of the amount of fluid intake.
The above descriptions are a shining example of physiological edema. To reduce their appearance by using adjustments of power and mode. When this approach does not bring the desired results, you should consult with your doctor. Swelling threat not only to the physical or aesthetic discomfort. Often they are a symptom of serious pathology (varicose veins, kidney failure, preeclampsia).
Late preeclampsia is the most common and at the same time dangerous disorder. If the General condition of women is satisfactory, but there are severe swelling, you should inform the gynecologist. If this is not done in a timely manner, such neglect their own health and well-being of the baby may affect the system "mother — placenta — fetus". Violation of this schema often leads to oxygen starvation of the child, which affects his development.
Swelling during pregnancy in the later stages occur gradually. First swell feet, and then this process comes up through the body, affecting the lower back and hands. In extreme cases, the face.
Excluding physiological causes of development of pathological edema secrete a great variety.
- Protein deficiency.
- Kidney disease (violation of the outflow of fluid from the body).
- Pathology of the thyroid gland (changes in sodium and water balance).
- Cardiovascular disease (impaired blood circulation).
- Varicose veins.
To determine the nature of the swelling can be a doctor. After a complete diagnostic evaluation and identify the causes of pathology the woman is prescribed treatment.
Swelling of the face in the later stages of pregnancy
Swelling of the face during pregnancy is a fairly common problem. The first thing to swell the eyelids, and the face takes on a rounded shape.
A special case is the swelling of the nose. Among the reasons for its occurrence may be noted the accumulation of fluid in the vessels, as well as problems with the respiratory tract. Swelling of the nose usually is accompanied by cold, dryness, or itching.
Runny nose and swelling on 38 week of pregnancy is quite common phenomenon, which complement each other. In this case, it is advised to consult a doctor who will pick up the medication. After the appearance of the baby born, the problem was solved by itself. Rhinitis for pregnant is perfectly safe, but may affect fetal development. If nasal congestion baby inside the womb suffers from a lack of oxygen, which leads to negative consequences.
Swelling of the feet in late pregnancy
The process of liquid retention is performed in the upward direction. That is why in the first place in a pregnant woman affected feet. The manifestation of this pathology to a greater extent noticeable by the evening. During the day, accumulating the liquid falls, concentrating on the extremities. During the day it is distributed throughout the body, so the swelling of legs is not so noticeable. If after rest the symptoms disappear, no reason to worry.
In which case a doctor should be consulted? Qualified help should apply when even morning less swelling on the feet. The causes of pathological conditions usually disappear in the late gestosis.
At the initial stage, in addition to swelling in the legs, women complain of malaise, fatigue and poor health. An alarming symptom is the uneven or excessive weight gain (more than 500 g per week). May also increase AD, to appear, protein in the urine, seizures. If, after diagnostic tests the diagnosis of "preeclampsia" is confirmed, the woman hospitalitynet. The expectant mother and her baby requires complex treatment and continuous monitoring.
Swelling of the fingers in pregnancy
If you start to pripuhnut fingers, it's time to sound the alarm. The first sign of trouble is the inability to remove the ring. In addition, there are numbness and tingling in the fingers.
To ignore this challenge. The higher the swelling up the body, the greater the danger to the child. You should not procrastinate and to postpone the visit to the doctor. The sooner you report the problem, the higher the probability of successful cure.
Swelling of the fingers in pregnancy is usually due to the professional activities of women. Similar phenomena occur when repetitive manipulations brushes. It can be work on the computer, knitting or sewing. Swelling is often accompanied by a characteristic pain in the wrist that in medical practice, otherwise referred to as tunnel syndrome. If you do this kind of work, it is better to abandon it for a while and do special exercises for the hands.
What is a hidden swelling?
About such a problem may be indicative of excessive increase in body weight women (more than 300 g per week). For the whole period of pregnancy a weight gain should not exceed the level of 12 kg. otherwise, the doctor will control the consumed fluid and urine output. Also very informative different test McClure-Aldrich. The woman subcutaneously administered sodium chloride. After at the injection site forms a large blister that persists for hours. Hidden in the edema it does not appear at all or disappears very quickly. The results of the survey the woman treatment.
Every pregnant woman by a gynecologist is accompanied by physicalnum inspection. This is especially true of the legs and face, because it allows to diagnose the pasty in the early stages. Another mandatory step for a reception at the gynecologist is weighing. This is the best way of determining excessive weight gain. Swelling during pregnancy in the later stages is a certain phenomena that are often caused by weight gain women.
For each future maternity need to pass urine. With the help of this test doctor can examine the function of the kidney and to differentiate between physiological variant of the swelling.
To install, why is there swelling during pregnancy in the later stages, is very difficult. For the diagnosis of the gynecologist is required the results of additional surveys of the organism (renal ultrasound, blood work, etc.). After that, the technician can judge the presence of abnormalities and prescribe the necessary treatment.
Swelling in late pregnancy. What to do?
In order to prevent, as well as in physiologic edema doctors advise to future mothers to adhere to the simple recommendations.
You should lead an active lifestyle, spending less time in a sitting position as possible. Healthful sports and fitness designed specifically for women in the state.
To reduce swelling in the legs, the causes of which are often hidden in the accumulation of fluid in the lower extremities, it is possible to do special baths. Water should not be hot. You can add some essential oil. Such baths have a positive effect with the regular repetition of the procedure.
Try to avoid overheating, less are in stuffy rooms and in direct sunlight. Wear only high-quality and comfortable shoes, without a heel better.
As for the question of power, you need to avoid salty, spicy, smoked and fried dishes. They directly affect water retention in the body. You should also limit the consumption of sweets and pastries.
Excessive use of salt leads to fluid retention in the body, the result is edema in pregnancy. Reviews many women who followed this advice really prove this statement. One has only to abandon the use of salt as a swelling alone begin to take place. But the amount of liquid to reduce is not worth it. A day is recommended to drink up to two liters of the ordinary still water.
Drug treatment of edema
Medical recommendations for combating swelling often limited to the above. Some women are advised to wear compression stockings and use a special tool from edema (gels, ointments). Of complications, and preeclampsia in the second degree without drug treatment is not necessary. It is important to understand that preeclampsia poses a threat not only for expectant mothers but also for her baby in the womb.
Usually, women with this diagnosis prescribe diuretics ("Kanefron", "Vitalising"). These tools normalize the kidneys, anti-inflammatory and antiseptic action. Also shown taking multivitamin complexes to improve uteroplacental blood flow. With the help of dropper restored the deficiency of protein and fluid in a woman's body. With high blood pressure prescribed antihypertensive drugs.
The help of medicine
In specialized sources you can find a lot of recipes of folk medicine. Before you enlist the help of a means from swelling, you should consult with your doctor.
Many believe in the miraculous properties of cranberries. This fruit is rich in vitamins and really helps with the swelling. It should be understood that every body is different, so before use a doctor should be consulted. Cranberries increases the tone of the body. Without constantly tense uterus can get twice the dose of this tone. This kind of carelessness can lead to threatened abortion.
Treatment of folk remedies involves the use of various herbal tinctures. Usually choose plants with the greatest diuretic effect (bear ears, kidney tea, bearberry leaves, field horsetail). A day is recommended to drink no more than one glass of any of the listed extracts. Treatment time is usually about a month.
As a rule, such recommendations are applicable to women with physiological swelling. In case of pathologies in the body without a complex medical treatment is not enough, and recipes of traditional medicine can be used as a Supplement.
Now you know why edema during pregnancy should not be ignored, in some cases, a doctor should be consulted. Carrying the baby for nine months is quite a crucial period in the life of every woman. Until the child develops, his life and health are in your hands. If adherence to diet and rest, follow the doctor's instructions motherhood brings only positive emotions.