Swelling of late pregnancy: causes, treatment
The last months of pregnancy are always considered the most difficult for a woman. Difficulties are due not only to the increase in the mass of the fetus, but also to the reaction of the body to a new life inside the womb. The most common problem is swelling in late pregnancy. In most cases, the cause of their appearance is of a physiological nature, but exceptions are possible. When you need to sound an alarm and go to a doctor, you will learn from the material in this article.
Swelling in late pregnancy - the norm or pathology?
Not every clinical case of edema during pregnancy indicates the presence of complications. The third trimester is characterized by an increase in the uterus in size, which increases the pressure on the ureters. The woman has trouble urinating, and swelling arises.
Also this problem is diagnosed against the background of weight gain. Control of the weight of a pregnant woman for this reason is mandatory. To avoid edema or reduce the degree of their severity, doctors recommend adhering to the milky-vegetable diet.
To limit the amount of liquid, on the contrary, is not worth it. Doctors advise drinking a day to two liters of water, but at the same time to strictly control the amount of urine. Its volume should be at least 60% of the amount of fluid consumed.
The situations described above are a vivid example of physiological edemas. Reduce their manifestation can be by adjusting the power and mode. When this approach does not bring the desired results, it is necessary to consult a doctor. Edema is dangerous not only physical or aesthetic discomfort. Often they are a symptom of serious pathologies (varicose veins, kidney failure, gestosis).
Late gestosis is considered the most common and at the same time dangerous disorder. If the general condition of the woman is satisfactory, but there are severe swelling, you should inform the gynecologist about it. If this is not done in a timely manner, this disregard for one's own health and the well-being of the baby can affect the mother-placenta-fetus system. Violation of this scheme often leads to oxygen starvation of the child, which affects its development.
Why do edema appear?
Swelling during pregnancy in later terms is gradually manifested. First of all, swollen legs, then this process "rises" over the body, affecting the lower back and arms. In especially serious cases, a person.
If we exclude physiological, the causes of the development of pathological edema are distinguished by a great variety.
- Protein deficiency.
- Kidney disease (violation of outflow of fluid from the body).
- Pathology of the thyroid gland (change in water-salt balance).
- Cardiovascular diseases (violation of blood circulation).
Determine the nature of edema can only a doctor. After a complete diagnostic examination and revealing the cause of the pathology, a woman is prescribed treatment.
Swelling on the face in late pregnancy
Edema of the face during pregnancy is a fairly common problem. The first thing is swelling of the eyelids, and the face acquires a rounded shape.
A special case is swelling of the nose. Among the causes of its occurrence, one can note the accumulation of fluid in the vessels, as well as problems with the respiratory tract. Swelling of the nose is usually accompanied by the appearance of a cold, dryness or itching.
Runny nose and swelling at the 38th week of pregnancy are fairly common phenomena that complement each other. In this case, it is recommended to consult a doctor who will choose a medicine. After the appearance of the baby, this problem is resolved by itself. Rhinitis for pregnant women is completely safe, but it can affect the development of the fetus. With nasal congestion the baby inside the womb suffers from oxygen deficiency, which leads to negative consequences.
Swelling of the legs in late pregnancy
The process of fluid retention is carried out from the bottom up. That is why, first of all, a pregnant woman suffers from legs. The manifestation of this pathology is more noticeable by the evening. Within a day, the accumulating fluid descends, concentrating in the limbs. At night, it is distributed throughout the body, so the swelling of the legs is not so noticeable. If after a rest the symptoms disappear, there is no reason to worry.
In what cases is a doctor's consultation required? For qualified care should be addressed when even in the morning do not drop swelling on the legs. The causes of the pathological condition are usually hidden in late gestosis.
At the initial stage, in addition to swelling in the legs, women complain of malaise, fatigue and poor health. An alarming symptom is an uneven or excessively large increase in weight (more than 500 g per week). Also, blood pressure can rise, protein in the urine, convulsions appear. If after the diagnostic examination the diagnosis of "gestosis" is confirmed, the woman is hospitalized. The future mother and her baby require complex treatment and constant supervision.
Swelling of the fingers during pregnancy
If the fingers start to swell, it's time to sound the alarm. The first sign of the problem is the impossibility of removing the ring. In addition, there are numbness and tingling in the fingers.
Leave this issue without attention. The higher the puffiness rises through the body, the greater the danger to the child. Do not delay and postpone the visit to the doctor. The earlier you report the problem, the higher the probability of successful cure.
The swelling of the fingers during pregnancy is usually due to the professional activity of the woman. Similar phenomena occur with repetitive same-type manipulations with brushes. It can be work on a computer, knitting or embroidering. Edema is often accompanied by a characteristic pain in the wrist, which in medical practice is otherwise referred to as a tunnel syndrome. If you are doing this kind of work, it is better to give it up for a while and do special gymnastics for your hands.
What is hidden swelling?
About this problem may indicate an excessive increase in the body weight of a woman (more than 300 g per week). For the entire period of pregnancy weight gain should not exceed 12 kg. Otherwise, the doctor prescribes control of consumed fluid and excreted urine. The McClure-Aldrich test is also very informative. The woman is injected subcutaneously with sodium chloride. After the injection site, a large blister forms, which lasts for an hour. With hidden swelling, it does not appear at all or disappears very quickly. Based on the results of the examination, a woman is prescribed a course of treatment.
Each reception of a pregnant woman at a gynecologist is accompanied by a physical examination. This especially applies to the legs and face, since it allows to diagnose pastoznost in the early stages. Another mandatory step in taking a gynecologist is weighing. This is the optimal way to determine excessive weight gain. Edema in late pregnancy - these are certain phenomena that are often due to an increase in the body weight of a woman.
Before each reception of the future parturient woman it is necessary to take urine tests. With this test, the doctor can check the functioning of the kidneys and differentiate the physiological version of the swelling.
To establish, why there are edemas at pregnancy on the late terms, it is very difficult. For the diagnosis of a gynecologist, the results of additional examinations of the body (renal ultrasound, blood test, etc.) are required. After this, a specialist can judge the presence of pathologies and prescribe the necessary treatment.
Swelling in late pregnancy. What to do?
For prevention, as well as for physiological edemas, doctors advise future women in labor to follow fairly simple recommendations.
You should lead an active lifestyle, spend less time sitting, as much as possible. Useful are sports and fitness, designed specifically for women in the situation.
To reduce edema on the feet, the causes of which often hide in the accumulation of fluid in the lower limbs, you can make special baths. Water should not be hot. In it you can add some essential oil. Such baths give a positive effect with regular repetition of the procedure.
Try to avoid overheating, you are less in stuffy rooms and under direct sunlight. Wear exceptionally high-quality and comfortable shoes, better without a heel.
As for the issue of nutrition, it is necessary to exclude salted, spicy, smoked and fried dishes. All of them directly affect the fluid retention in the body. Also, consumption of sweets and bakery should be limited.
Excessive consumption of table salt leads to fluid retention in the body, resulting in swelling in pregnancy. The comments of many women who followed this recommendation do prove this statement. It is only necessary to abandon the use of salt, as edema begins to pass by itself. But the amount of liquid is not worth reducing. In a day it is recommended to consume up to two liters of the most ordinary still water.
Drug therapeutics for edema
Treatment recommendations for controlling swelling are most often limited to those described above. Some women are advised to wear compression stockings and use special funds from swelling (gels, ointments). In the event of complications and gestosis of the second degree without drug treatment can not do. It is important to understand that gestosis carries a threat not only for the future childbirth, but also for her baby in the womb.
Usually, women with this diagnosis are prescribed diuretics ("Kanefron", "Phytolysin"). These funds normalize the kidneys, have anti-inflammatory and antiseptic effects. Also shown is the use of multivitamin complexes to improve uteroplacental blood flow. With the help of droppers, the deficit of protein and fluid in the body of a woman is restored. With high blood pressure, hypotensive drugs are prescribed.
The help of traditional medicine
In specialized sources you can find many recipes of traditional medicine. Before resorting to the help of this or that remedy for swelling, it is necessary to consult a doctor.
Many believe in the miraculous properties of cowberry. This berry is rich in vitamins and really helps with puffiness. It should be understood that each organism is individual, therefore, before using the doctor's consultation is required. Cowberry increases the tone of the body. Without this, the constantly strained uterus can receive a doubled dose of this tone. This kind of carelessness can lead to the threat of termination of pregnancy.
Treatment with folk remedies implies the use of various herbal infusions. Usually, plants with the greatest diuretic effect are chosen (bear ears, kidney tea, bearberry leaves, field horsetail). A day is recommended to drink no more than one glass of any of the listed infusions. The treatment time is usually about a month.
As a rule, such recommendations are suitable for women with physiological edema. In the case of pathologies in the body without complex drug treatment can not do, and recipes of traditional medicine can be used as a supplement.
Now you know why swelling during pregnancy should not be left unattended, in which cases it is necessary to consult a doctor. Carrying a baby for all nine months is a fairly responsible period in the life of every woman. While the child is developing, his life and health are in your hands. With respect to the diet and rest, following the prescriptions of the doctor, motherhood brings only positive emotions.