The swelling of mammary glands in cats: symptoms, treatment, prognosis
Cancer in animals, in particular the swelling of mammary glands in cats is, unfortunately, common phenomenon. Named disease takes the lives of four-legged Pets that are not able to resist the disease. There are different methods of treatment, but none of them give a perfect result.
Diseases associated with neoplasms, is a real scourge of the modern world. From them die each year thousands of people and animals. Medicine in this area is not in place, and recently the treatment of cancer is becoming increasingly successful.
However, until now not received the medication that would help everyone. In veterinary medicine the situation is not better, especially for the treatment of cats. The primary means of stopping the growth of tumors is chemotherapy, but the guarantee of achieving this goal is not. The swelling of mammary glands in cats will cause a lot of trouble both to the animal and the owner.
The mammary glands in animals intended for feeding newborn kittens. She arranged in pairs on the chest and stomach of cats, their total number in the norm is equal to eight. It starts before birth (swelling) and during a false pregnancy (hormonal processes).
Diseases of the breast are recorded in adult cats, regardless of whether they give birth or not. The following are the most common diseases: mastitis, mastopathy and cancer. In some cases veterinarians remove the diseased gland.
Not professional it is difficult to distinguish between them, especially in the early stages. When mastitis occurs inflammation of the mammary gland. Occurs in cats with an excess of milk (early weaning kittens) or false pregnancy. Gland grows in size, redness and increase in temperature. Of the pacifier can be selection of different colors and composition.
Mastitis is a breast swelling which is normal and pathological. In the latter case, is accumulated inside the gray fluid, and the skin turns blue.
In order to differentiate these diseases, see how looks the swelling of mammary glands in cats (photo in article).
More than 85 cases of growths from 100 are malignant. The latter is a marked tendency to growth and the appearance of metastases in the shortest possible time. But it all begins usually with a small seal, in the same way as in humans.
What is the tumor types of mammary glands in cats? It can be malignant or benign. In the latter case, no reason for concern, because these tumors are characterized by slow growth, a clear localization and lack of desire to necrotic processes.
A cancerous tumors arise often in several places at the same time. Interestingly, spaying a kitten under the age of 6 months reduces the likelihood of tumors to almost zero and eliminates malignant type. But owners of animals kept for breeding, this way is not satisfied. Besides, in the future the cat will be needed hormonal drugs in order to avoid problems with metabolism.
Stages of breast cancer
Every cancer goes through several stages of its growth:
- The tumor has a size of less than 10 mm, metastases not detected.
- The tumor reaches 30 mm, but no metastasis.
- Tumor more than 50 mm in diameter, with the possible occurrence of ulcers, and metastases are diagnosed in the lymph nodes.
- Metastases are found in lung, liver and other organs and tissues.
Causes of neoplasms
For some reason, a tumor of mammary glands in cats? In this respect the vets and other specialists there is no consensus. However, there are a large number of versions.
For example, life in the big cities with a high level of environmental pollution adversely affects the health of the animal. The same factors can be attributed to monotony of diet, poor quality food, and sometimes even spoiled. It is impossible to ignore and susceptibility to disease at the genetic level. By the way, is why new owners are advised to carefully interested in the pedigree of the pet before buying.
As a rule, the tumors of the mammary glands cat symptoms is quite simple. These include:
- the emergence of young seals in the area of nipples
- developing over time, in this place of inflammatory processes
- necrosis of tissues around the nipples.
Pets actively lick the affected area to its rough tongue, that only worsens the situation, because it provokes the appearance of ulcers. Breasts while exuding a nasty smell of rotting tissue. In the animal every day feels worse: lost power and weight, and existing chronic disease is transferred in the acute phase.
Diagnosis of the disease
Find out malignant or benign breast tumor in cats, it is possible to method biopsy. It should be done very carefully to exclude mechanical damage. In addition, during formation of the serious gaps there may be metastases heralding the imminent death of the animal.
Timely diagnostics allows to determine the onset of the disease and to immediately start chemotherapy to save a pet. Conducted, as a rule, a lymph node biopsy, located close to the place of defeat, because in them are deposited the metastasis of tumors. Ultrasound and x-rays allow us to determine their presence in the lungs and other abdominal organs.
The swelling of mammary glands in cats requires blood tests: General and biochemical. They needed to determine the severity of the disease and the most appropriate chemotherapy for a specific pet.
If discovered in the breast tumor in cats, treatment should begin immediately. In most cases, surgery may save the pet, but the usefulness of it is questionable. An old animal who had lost a lot of effort, maybe just not worry about it. In this case, it is limited to conservative treatment. Regularly drugs, better coping with the tumors. This gives hope for a favorable outcome in the fight against disease.
However, if possible, should give preference to surgical intervention, because it allows you to remove the entire affected area with metastases (the latter not always). This method is indispensable in case when the affected peripheral lymph nodes. If not removed, cancer will soon spread throughout the body.
Removal of the tumor of the mammary gland in the cat is produced together with the entire body, since only occasionally is impossible to localize its location (if the purity of the tumors).
The situation is more complicated in the case when the necessary bilateral mastectomy because of her extremely hard to tolerate cats. Chemotherapy treatments not cancelled, to stop the development of tumors. Requires every day to show pet to the veterinary doctor for monitoring the General condition of the organism and prevent its rapid deterioration.
If the treatment had been decided by a conservative, the daily visits to the doctor become mandatory. The cat will regularly take the tests (almost every day) to control exposure to toxic and hazardous substances used in chemotherapy, the body on four-legged pet.
Under no circumstances should not self-medicate. Applying heat (e.g., heated salt) only worsens the situation. The tumor becomes harder to grow, malignant and give metastases. The presence of inflammation and necrosis is also a contraindication to the use of heat compresses.
In the most severe cases leave the animal in a veterinary clinic under the supervision of experts. The cat is administered anesthetics, and other important substances.
Care after surgery
One of the important factors that has a direct impact on the result of the treatment, is the organization of conditions for the ill animal. If discovered in the breast tumor in the cat, the operation will help to get rid of it. But after surgery pet need complete rest and feeding only those that will allow a veterinarian.
Ask him what drug to treat the incision. Strictly follow the doctor's recommendations about time and dosage of medication. The cat put a special blanket that will hold and protect the weld. In the case of dissection wounds, call your veterinarian.
Specialist each week will conduct inspections and other tests to monitor the status of the animal. So he will be able to diagnose the recurrence (if it happens). Even if the removed tumor of the breast in cats, how many live animal will not be able to say no.
As has been said, neutering a cat before it reaches 6 months of age greatly reduces the likelihood of cancer. After cutting out the tumors you can't refuse the removal of the ovaries. This will prevent relapse and prolong the days of your pet's life.
Always pay attention to any swelling and compaction under the skin, which can be seen in the care of animals. Ignoring them can lead to very serious consequences. Festering and bursting of the tumor can not be touched and picked her, because these actions contribute to the emergence of metastasis. For growth not just to observe, hoping that "all will heal" because it will grow so that the surgical procedure will be gone. Will only have to observe how the pet will be alive to rot.
The sooner the disease is found, and the sooner the vet will do the surgery, the higher the chance of complete cure.
The owner of the animals, which are not engaged in their breeding, we recommend spaying cats. But to do it as soon as possible, then the risk of cancer will drop to almost zero.