Miniature Dog Breeds: description, photo
Miniature breeds of dogs have long been popular. Strangely enough, but the demand for them is growing every year. Tiny creatures have a cute toy look. In addition, they are distinguished by a friendly and accommodating nature. In some countries, such cute animals are even used for therapeutic purposes, the positive effect of which is intended to treat people. For fans of small breeds an important point is the portability of animals. You can take them with you at any time, putting them in a small purse. Miniature breeds of dogs do not need large spaces, and therefore they feel wonderful in small houses and apartments. Perhaps this explains their incredible popularity.
Miniature Dog Breeds: An Overview
In this article we want to talk about the smallest representatives of four-legged friends. In the rating are named miniature breeds of dogs for an apartment. The main evaluation criteria are the average body weight and height at the withers. It is on these grounds that experts distribute dogs to places.
A very small weight and small height, cute appearance and a desire to be in the center of attention are all the advantages that the most miniature breeds of dogs possess (photo is given in the article). However, for fans of animals of standard sizes, such advantages in the characteristic will seem to be flawed, because the smaller the dog, the more it requires attention, and therefore, it will have to give her the lion's share of free time. Here, as they say, everyone has their own wishes for a four-footed friend, and everyone is right in his own way. Much attention should be given to the food of your pet. Experts advise to choose dry food 1st Choice. Dogs of miniature breeds need to be fed properly, otherwise they may have health problems. Will help to choose the right diet veterinarian.
Fans who prefer the most miniature breeds of dogs (photos of such pets are listed in the article), are owners of cute and charming creatures, more likely resembling small dolls than animals.
The smallest doggy
The first place among the dogs of miniature breeds is the famous Chihuahua. It was discovered in 1850 in Mexico in the state of Chihuahua. In honor of it, it received its unusual name. Species of this breed, as a rule, weigh from five hundred grams to three kilograms. The growth of the animal varies from ten to twenty-three centimeters. It is difficult even to imagine such a miniature creature.
It is established that the smallest dog in the world at present is a chihuahua named Boo Boo. With a weight of 675 grams, its height is only 10.16 centimeters.
It should be noted that Chihuahua is distinguished by a wide variety of colors and types of wool. Representatives of the breed are very kind, funny, obedient kids with the character of a watchdog, but at the same time very touchy and vulnerable.
Chihuahua is a very ancient breed with an interesting history. For many centuries the animal was considered sacred and participated in many rituals. Archaeologists often in the excavation of the graves of the Indians find the remains of this cute dog, which was buried with the owners. On the one hand, this petite creature was worshiped, and on the other - the dog suffered from people. And only in the nineteenth century the chihuahua began to be sold as a decorative dog.
The second place among the miniature dogs is the Yorkshire Terrier. It is a small ornamental breed that originated in the nineteenth century in England (Yorkshire County). The standards provide for the animal's weight not to exceed 3.2 kilograms, and the height is 23 centimeters. Chihuahua and Yorkshire Terrier are the smallest breeds of dogs. If the dog Boo Bu is recognized as the smallest chihuahua, then among the Yorkies the most petite was Sylvia. In 1945, she died at the age of two. Its height was 6.3 centimeters with a weight of 113 grams.
The most miniature breeds of dogs, whose names are mentioned in the article, as a rule, have a gentle and energetic character. Yorkies in this sense are no exception. Curious, energetic, courageous Yorkshire terriers perfectly take root in the conditions of city apartments. Thanks to their intelligence and ingenuity, they are easily trained, remembering commands occurs at a speed above average.
Even indifferent to dogs, people can not resist the pretty face of a york. They are so charming and charming that you fall under their charm by their will. Still, miniature breeds of dogs have their own ineffable charm. Yorkie will never refuse to lie down on the hands of their master and take a nap, but at the approach of a stranger they start barking furiously.
As a rule, all miniature breeds of dogs have a rather self-confident nature. At the same time, they feel at least twice as large as their modest size. Of course, this behavior is not very suitable for small animals, but this does not bother them. Yorkies can not always curb their bold and decisive character. Unquenchable energy and a thirst for adventure are often drawn to new leprosy.
For a long time people have won miniature dogs. The rocks, photos of which are listed in the article, are very diverse. The history of some species is quite interesting. Among them there are babies created by nature, and those whose emergence is a direct merit of a person. Perhaps there is no such breed that would not be touched by a human hand. For many centuries, standards have changed in striving to achieve the best qualities. Miniature breeds of dogs are gaining increasing popularity in the conditions of modern megacities, which is quite understandable by the limited space of apartments.
The third place in the rating is occupied by the Russian one, derived by Russian cynologists in the twentieth century. These miniature dogs were created as companions. Breeds (photo shown in the text) were displayed by a person in order to obtain an ideal pet. There are two varieties: smooth-haired and long-haired. The height of the Russian toya ranges from twenty to twenty-eight centimeters, and the weight of the animal is not more than three kilograms. The smallest representatives of the breed weigh no more than one and a half kilograms.
Dogs are characterized by a very friendly and cheerful disposition. They are endlessly devoted to the owner and, at the same time, get on well with all the rest of the family. Convenience of the content of the fact that he can use the tray, like cats, so he does not necessarily go out. But all the same with the animal you still need to walk, because he wants to frolic with his relatives, it makes the dog more courageous and sociable. The main thing - to pick up friends, corresponding to the growth and complexion.
Russian are very well trained. They are so small that they can accompany you on all trips. Such miniature breeds of dogs (the description given in the article) can fly even in the cabin of aircraft, and they are allowed to all decent hotels. If your work is connected with frequent trips, then such a pet is quite suitable for you.
As a rule, people try to choose the most unpretentious breed of miniature dogs. The Russian volume belongs to these species. If the Chihuahua occasionally manifests its own character, showing its wild Mexican past, then that is the most harmless and quiet breed.
Miniature breeds of dogs, the description of which is given in the article, amaze not only with their cute toy muzzles, but sometimes with funny names. The fourth place in the rating was fixed for the Prague rats. This small breed was bred in the Czech Republic as far back as the ninth century. In times far removed from us, such children, along with large individuals, guarded property from rodents. Right now, the Prague rats have lost their original destiny and act as companions, but their natural hunting instincts have been preserved to the full. Ideal for them is the weight of 2.6 kilograms, and the growth ranges from twenty to twenty-three centimeters.
Prague's rats are very obedient beings. They are smart and playful, adore people and are perfectly trained. Such mini-dogs are easily accustomed to the tray, but still need walks, because they love an active lifestyle. In cold weather, rats must be worn, as they are not adapted to the severe Russian climate.
As a rule, miniature breeds of dogs, the list of which is long, do not tolerate the cold and dampness of our latitudes very well, and therefore have to be dressed as children.
Prague rats are rather rare dogs. According to experts, there are no more than two and a half thousand in the world, so the price for them is quite high. Puppy with all the documents will cost from thousands of dollars and up.
Fifth place among the kids is Pomeranian Pomeranian. He is the tiniest member of the Spitz family. Its name was given in honor of Pomerania (one of the regions of Germany). The most miniature breeds of dogs, whose names we mentioned, have always enjoyed the nobility's love. Pomeranian Spitz, for example, is known as the favorite breed of Queen Victoria. Species of this species have come from fairly large sled dogs, but to date their growth is no more than twenty-eight centimeters. The weight of the animal varies between two and three and a half kilograms.
Spitz is not a simple dog. This is a very clever, kind, sociable creature, devoted to its master, fearlessly standing up for protection if necessary. The modest size of the breed is more than offset by exceptional mental abilities and ingenuity. It is for this reason that the Spitz is perfectly capable of learning. Knowingly, the breed takes twenty-third place in the ranking of the most intelligent four-legged friends.
American toy terrier
The sixth place is taken by that fox terrier, or the American toy terrier. This little dog comes from a huge fox terrier. Individuals of this breed weigh from one and half to four kilograms, and the growth does not exceed twenty-nine centimeters.
The fox terriers are different in mind and activity. They are easily trained and respond well to a large number of teams. Those fox terriers are loving and cheerful creatures, boundlessly devoted to man. Perhaps they are the ideal home companions. The individuals of this breed have a fairly long period of life (up to fourteen years). At the same time, they keep a cheerful disposition almost to the old age.
That fox terrier is a domestic dog, she will willingly watch TV with you, slip in your arms, but it will endlessly play with the children and have fun on the lawn. In addition, it is absolutely not capricious, unlike other miniature breeds.
The Fox Terrier is a mobile, energetic, jumping dog, very brave for its growth, a real fighter.
The seventh place is firmly entrenched Japanese hin. This is an exclusively decorative breed of dogs. Once she enjoyed incredible popularity in the Japanese and Chinese courts. This breed is long-haired, its representatives weigh from 1.8 kg to 4 kg. The height of the animal varies from twenty to twenty-seven centimeters.
Japanese Chin is a sociable, cheerful and playful dog, with excellent character and calm temperament. He quickly learns to master the most difficult teams.
Intellectual breed has perfectly proved itself. Animals are good to those they know and trust. If you care about them diligently, you will not find more loyal and loyal friends. Hina cautiously treat strangers. Almost always they get along with all family members and other domestic pets. However, if they do not give the necessary attention, they can become very closed and jealous. It is believed that this breed is most obedient among all those.
English toy terrier
The eighth place in the list is a miniature toy-terrier, artificially bred in the nineteenth century. The standard provides the weight of the animal from 2.7 to 3.6 kilograms, and the growth should not exceed thirty centimeters.
Terriers in their bulk are playful and friendly creatures, characterized by unlimited devotion to man. But with all this they have a very peculiar character, so they need serious training and correction of behavior.
Toy-terriers are always ready to protect their family, at the slightest risk they use their barky barking. Representatives of this breed are real zhivchiki, they are playful, athletic, cheerful. Such dogs will become excellent companions for very energetic and active people. In addition, they adapt very easily to a new life.
Toy terriers love to take part in all household chores. There is no place where they would not put their nose. Quite peacefully living with cats.
The ninth place is occupied by the famous dog Papillon. Decorative breed was bred in the sixteenth century. Its beautiful name came from beautiful ears, which look like a butterfly. The exact origin of these dogs is unknown: it is Spain or Belgium. Representatives of the breed weigh from 2.3 to 4.5 kilograms, the height varies from 20 to 28 centimeters.
Papillon differs affectionate character and amusing behavior. Dogs are very fond of running and jumping, frightening off all sorts of rodents from the house. The breed takes the ninth place in the ranking of intelligent dogs, which indicates its excellent mental abilities. Papillons are very graceful and active, they will never become tame dogs, sleeping on their knees, animals prefer to run in the open. Funny dogs are very cheerful, they can cheer you up when there is no mood at all. In fact, a papillon is an eternal child.
Italian lap dog
Italian Bolognese, or Bolognese, takes the tenth place in the ranking of miniature dogs. The breed was bred in Italy and its name was given in honor of the city of Bologna. Bolognese weighs from 2.5 to 4 kilograms, its growth reaches thirty centimeters. Representatives of the breed are very intelligent and affectionate. They are quickly trained and give in to training without any difficulties. Because of their kind and cheerful disposition, the lapdogs have long received the glory of beautiful companions.
Instead of an afterword
In the article we told about the existence of the most miniature breeds of dogs. With the names given in the text, and photos it will be easier for you to understand the rating of four-legged kids. However, it should be noted that this is not the whole list of miniature dogs. In the world there are still enough breeds, fallen in love with people just for their small size and incredibly pretty muzzles.