Treatment of kalitsiviroza: scheme
Many people seeking to have a pet, forget about safety precautions. Unfortunately, cats and dogs can be carriers of diseases dangerous to other Pets and to humans. Especially often epidemics occur in places where animals, for example, from unscrupulous breeders. Many people, getting a cute kitten, don't even assume that they will have to learn, how is a particular disease and treatment. Calicivirus is one of them. It is a contagious disease with hurricane shape of the distribution, leading in most cases to death.
Causes and symptoms of kalitsiviroza
The most common route of infection — airborne droplets from a sick animal. Therefore, all matched with the street animals need to quarantine, as there is a threat of an epidemic. The disease agent — the virus. He has no shell, only one chain of RNA. The main difficulty is that this virus has many subtypes that can cause different degrees of disease. Resistant to most disinfectants. In the external environment remains viable up to seven days.
The main signs of the disease include lesions of the upper pulmonary tract. There is discharge from nose and eyes. In the mouth it is possible to observe small ulcers. Sharply rising temperature. Detailed syndrome will be discussed below.
For proliferation of any disease should be certain conditions. So, calicivirus the cats (the symptoms and treatment will be discussed below) appears in areas with large concentrations of animals in areas with poor ventilation. Also do not forget about regular vaccination of Pets. Another risk factor is the low immunity of the cat. Often a carrier of kalitsiviroza suffers from a latent form of the disease is a source of infection for other animals.
Ways of infection
The easiest way of spreading the virus through sneezing. Sick animal allocates to the outside environment mucus. Therefore, when a large gathering of animals, and in areas with poor ventilation selection easy and fast. Thus begins the epidemic of the disease calicivirus. The incubation period can take up to a week. The animal is not yet showing obvious symptoms, it becomes a source of spread of the virus. The disease itself lasts three weeks. The outcome of the case depends on many factors.
The virus enters the body of a cat through the nose, eyes, mouth. In addition to the contact with a sick individual animal can become sick through contact with an infected environment. Contagious excrement, water, dishes, food, human hand. It is scientifically proven that in the environment the virus can survive up to a week. The main difficulty is the resistance to most disinfectants.
The effect of the virus on all systems of the body
Before you begin treatment, calcivirus be taken as a serious disruption of the functioning of the whole organism. And the weaker the immune system, the stronger are the manifestations of the disease. Primarily affected the respiratory system. Appears as mild rhinitis and pneumonia. Especially dangerous symptom is ulcers on the nose. The next stage affects the eyes. This is manifested by conjunctivitis, lacrimation, ulcers on the cornea. On affected joints, there is arthritis. In the least affected the gastrointestinal tract. Sores appear in the mouth. Probably the defeat of the intestine, but no symptoms. It can only detect at autopsy.
The disease and the prognosis of treatment depends on a number of factors. For example, the age of the animal, the condition of its immunity, etc. At risk kittens, since they calicivirus threat. For people he is not a threat. Although today you can find a great number of references to alleged contamination from a cat. But clinically it's not confirmed.
Symptoms of the disease is best expressed in kittens. Adult cats have a strong immune system, and therefore the disease is often accompanied by concealed form. An important symptom — a sharp increase in temperature, which subsides in a few days. Fever. At this stage it is better to isolate in quarantine a sick animal. Whether you need immediately to start treatment? Calicivirus at the initial stage is often confused with bronchitis. In General, there is loss of appetite, lethargy and weakness. A dangerous symptom: the appearance of ulcers. From the eyes and nose marked discharge with a very unpleasant odor. You may receive occasional vomiting and diarrhea.
After kalitsiviroza complications rarely. On the first of the disease can cause severe pneumonia, leading to death. May appear secondary infection, therefore, important antibiotics under the scheme. As a rule, arthritis and ulcers are no consequences.
Before you start the treatment: calicivirus and diagnostics
In the diagnosis of any disease it is important to know how to distinguish between similar States. So, calcivirus has a similar pattern with chlamydia, viral rhinotracheitis and Bordetella. To do this, the veterinarian performs a thorough medical history. For example, ulcers on the tongue appear only when kalitsiviroza. As a diagnostic tool is used General analysis of blood. The problem is that it is useless and only reflects the effects of the underlying disease. Before starting treatment, calicivirus is confirmed by serological test in paired sera. Thanks to him, we can determine the increase in titer of neutralizing antibodies against the virus. For the diagnosis of pneumonia a chest x-ray shows.
Calicivirus in cats: symptoms and treatment according to several schemes
After accurate diagnosis, the veterinarian develops a treatment plan. Today there are about forty subspecies of this problem, so it is impossible to say which drugs will be most effective. There are various diseases of cats, calicivirus in this insidious plan.
Except in severe cases, treatment is carried out on an outpatient basis. Remember that for a successful outcome, you want to apply a set of measures. Pneumonia and their sick kittens, efforts need to triple. The problem is that there is no cure against the virus. Therefore, treatment kalitsiviroza aims to eliminate symptoms and support the body.
Highlights of the treatment
It is important to prevent emergence of secondary infections caused by bacteria, this is assigned a broad-spectrum antibiotic. For Example, The "Resorption". Use it ten days in a dosage of 12.5-22 mg/kg. Put a dropper twice a day. It is important to artificially stimulate the immune system. To do this, use special preparations for animals. For Example, "Fosprenil". Clinical practice notes the high effectiveness of this drug as a "Cycloferon".
Not only in the elimination of symptoms is the treatment, calicivirus dangerous dehydration. To prevent this condition assign ringer solution or sodium chloride. In total abstinence from food put a dropper with glucose. Vitamin complexes, such as "Gamavit", too.
Important: in any case do not let the cat to reduce the temperature "Paracetamol"! It is very dangerous! It is better to use "Ketofen".
When detected calicivirus in cats symptoms and treatment can be different. Therefore, in veterinary medicine it is used several regimens. Let us consider each of them below.
In the scheme №1 the main drug "Roncoleukin". It is injected subcutaneously on 5 dice. The medicine should in equal proportion, dilute with saline. "Cycloferon" is introduced through the day all right. "Ceftriaxone" is used in 1 ml. Before injection it is diluted in equal proportions with lidocaine and saline. Is administered intramuscularly for ten days. Mouth sores are treated with gel "Metrogyl-dent". As vitamin feeding is administered subcutaneously "Dualit" twice a day.
Unfortunately, diseases of cats (calicivirus in particular) difficult to determine the outcome. Don't forget to treat the eyes and nose with antiseptic solutions. Suitable conventional tetracycline ointment. Regular care needs and the oral cavity. As a means for the rehabilitation of the ideal "synthesis".
As there are no antiviral medications from kalitsiviroza, all treatment is aimed at preventing the emergence of secondary problems. Therefore, once a day intramuscularly put antibiotic "Baytril". The dosage is calculated according to the instructions. The course lasts ten days. "Cycloferon" will help the immune system, assign it to 0.5 ml within five days. Mouth treated "Lugol". "Aminovit" is used to strengthen the body and supply vitamins.
In General, the third scheme is based on the same principle as the previous two. As vitamin feeding put "Gamavit" in the dosage according to the instructions. To prevent the emergence of bacterial diseases prescribe "Tylosin" one tablet twice a day. If the sores are on the skin, they can be lubricated with "Aciclovir". For oral cavity sanation use "Miramistin", unlike his fellow "Chlorohexidine", it has no bitter taste. "Roncoleukin" diluted with saline and injected subcutaneously. Modern medicine "Maximin" designed only for cats and aimed at the destruction of the hostile bacteria. It is administered subcutaneously, spreading with "Novocaine" in equal proportions. Another immunomodulator specifically developed for animals, "Fosprenil" applies the course of at least four days. When suppuration of the eyes using "iris".
Not to start treatment, calicivirus better to prevent. The most important point: avoid large concentrations of animals! Never buy kittens from unscrupulous breeders who keep twenty cats in the same room. Forced group content cat be sure to observe hygiene measures. Wash all household items: bowls, beds, trays, etc., Use a special disinfectant solution: sodium hypochlorite 250 ml / 8 litres of water. Females with chronic lesions of the respiratory tract often have spontaneous abortions. Therefore, it is excluded from breeding. No harm will otkazivanje females in quarantine before birth. Before mating be sure to vaccinate the animals.
For this reason, kittens are not kept in the same room with other cats. Because they have no immunity, they are at risk. In the main company, they are released only after vaccination.
Be sure to quarantine the new animal. In isolation the cat is up to two weeks. If during this time do not appear alarming symptoms, its link with other Pets.
Try to avoid the weakening of the immune system. You would need to feed the animals, trying to make a diet rich in vitamins and minerals. Good feed is perfectly balanced in this regard. If the owner is an adherent of the natural food, choose raw meat, a small amount of raw vegetables and quail eggs. Do not forget to show animal doctor, especially if there are not clear symptoms. Do not neglect vaccination, as it is the only way to avoid the outbreak of kalitsiviroza.