Feeding and maintenance of rats at home
Pets bring joy to the house, the laughter and the smiles. The house in which lives at least some animals, looks dull and lifeless. Thanks to our younger brothers life becomes more cheerful and kind. Animals require care and attention is very important to know when choosing a pet. It should be understood that this is not a toy for a while, but a living creature that has certain needs.
The rat is intelligent and very cunning animal. It belongs to the rodents. In nature, there are about 64 species of rats. The body structure of these animals is very interesting, because the length of the tail equal to the body length and sometimes exceeds it. Often rats are born with a gray color, but you can see red, orange and yellow shades of color. Rats have very mobile toes.
These animals are terrestrial way of life. They can live alone or in groups. As a refuge from predators and bad weather, they use burrows. It can be actually made "houses" or dens of other animals. Rats are considered omnivores, but each species has its preference for vegetable or animal food. The breeding of animals occurs all year round.
Rats as Pets
Many people choose rats as Pets. Actually there is nothing strange, because this is not about dirty animals living in the basements of houses. Setting the stage for the rat, it should be understood that it will have to care for, as it is not too clean. Most often these animals are chosen because they are relatively smart.
Since the late 19th century began to appear specially bred rats. Often, this kind of rats. These rodents are calm and balanced, their behavior is very different from the behavior of wild ancestors. Also, pet rats are often bred as live food for the residents of the home of zoos and terrariums.
Rat: care and maintenance
Choosing a rat as a pet, it should be understood that it is a big responsibility. When choosing a pet, many people mistakenly believe that a big animal requires a more thorough and long-term care than smaller ones. But it's not. Caring for rats and small rodents may be more time consuming than the care watchdog. The contents of a rat in the house has some features that you need to know to be ready. It is undesirable to release the rat on a free walk around the apartment because it is a rodent. In other words, the animal will look for what you can chew. As such a subject can be selected the leg of the sofa, beds, corner tables or cords. If the damage of the furniture will inflict some damage to you, snack cable can even lead to fire. The first rule of content rats of the house says that she needs to walk with supervision.
Rats also like to mark territory. The smell of the secretions is quite specific, so it will have to get used to. The contents of fancy rats in any case will be accompanied by a certain fragrance so you should pay much attention to the daily cleaning of the cage.
Temperature for these animals is very important. They are very poorly responsive to drafts and direct sunlight. Be sure to remember this when choosing a place for the animal cell. The most suitable for home rats temperature is 18-21 °C.
The choice of cells
Comfortable content rats is not possible without a cage. First you must understand that a large cell will be convenient not only to the animal but also the owners. Uncomfortable little containers are very inconvenient to clean. It should be remembered that the cleansing should be daily. Much easier to wash an area. In the cage must be an entertainment area for rats. There are a variety of wheels, ladders, etc can be purchased complete with a cage at the pet store or buy separately. For young rats is very important to the movement, so the animal will be delighted with the large number of items on which you can run. More Mature individuals do not need such an active pastime. They will fit the cell with a single running wheel, which they will occasionally climb.
The filler is better to use sawdust. It is important that they are not too small, because tiny shards of wood fall to the animal in the eyes, nose and ears. This may give the appearance of a severe allergic reaction. You can also use paper. Thus it should be no inscriptions or drawings. To use cotton wool as a filler for the cell not recommended.
The conditions of detention of rats indicate that only one cleaning per week. In such circumstances, the animal will be comfortable. Cleaning should be comprehensive. It is necessary to conduct a complete disinfection, in order to avoid the possibility of infecting rats of different bacteria or fungus. As mentioned above, it is possible to carry out light daily cleaning, which is necessary in order to minimize odors from the life of the animal. To do disinfection each day.
Decorative rats, care and maintenance which are already partially addressed, are some of the features power. The animal is constantly in need of clean fresh water. To ensure that the water does not spill into the cell, it is necessary to purchase a special drinking bowl. The water in it should be changed every day. To feed the pet can be grain forages, fruits, vegetables, dandelion greens and plantain, nuts and chicken bones. All this is necessary to alternate, with an emphasis on feed grains. Nuts are very useful rats for grinding teeth, therefore, their inclusion in the diet is required. Meat in diet rats can be added, but not often. Rats especially like the following fruits: apples, cherries, persimmons, apricots, strawberries, raspberries, bananas, grapes and peaches. Very useful for animals the inclusion in the diet of dried fruits. Adults need twice the nutrition, calves should be fed up to 4 times a day.
In a cage pet, you have to put a mineral stone, through which the rat will be able to get the required calcium. It is strictly forbidden to give the animals salted, smoked, fried, greasy, spicy, cold foods. You should also give up sweets, sausages, rolls, muffins, cabbage, beans, raw potatoes, unripe or overripe fruits and vegetables, milk, cheese, leaves, ornamental plants, beets and almonds. It should be understood that this is not just a bunch of junk food. The use of such food by the rat can cause serious health problems. Adhering to proper nutrition and an active lifestyle, the pet will grow up healthy and happy.
The reproduction of individuals
The content of rats alone is not threatened by the emergence of posterity. If in a cage there lives a couple of individuals, the appearance of the offspring. This is a very important issue that has received little attention. These rodents reach sexual maturity in 5 weeks, so if in a cage, the lives of several individuals must be separated from each other. Specific breeding period there, so kids can appear at any time.
Communicating with animals
The content of rats is not limited to care and nutrition. It is very important communicate with the animal, as the cage actually becomes a prison. While the animal is deprived of any contact with nature, which significantly limits the rat. It is very important to let the pet for a walk, to take in hand and stroking. A small rat quickly gets used to the owner. Also, these animals love attention, so often play with them.
Since it is very intelligent animals, we should give them easy logic puzzles. Many owners of rats amazed at how tender and good, can such a small animal, if you treat him with patience and tenderness.
The danger of wild rats
Rat, maintenance, feeding which was discussed above, can bring to humanity a lot of trouble. However, this only applies to certain types of rodents. Commensal rats cause much economic damage that spoil any goods. In addition, they may damage the mains, which leads to fires. In the US such cases are not uncommon. Some species of rats feed on crops in the vast fields, damaging large-scale agriculture. Finding the rich food of the place, rats multiply more actively, leading to a deterioration of the overall situation. Today, there are many ways of pest control.
Street rats are very dangerous to humans. They are carriers of many zoonotic and anthropozoonotic infections. Rats carry the plague, rabies, typhoid and other serious diseases.
To summarize, we should say that pet rat care and maintenance of which was considered in detail, needs more attention and affection like any other pet.