Intestinal infection in pregnancy: what to treat
Viral and bacterial diseases are considered quite dangerous for pregnant women. Even a banal cold can cause irreparable harm to the health of the future mother and prevent the proper development of the fetus. It is known that during this period it is forbidden to use any medicines. But sometimes there are situations when drugs can not be dispensed with. Today's article will tell you about how the intestinal infection is treated during pregnancy. What to do and what drugs to take, find out later.
Symptoms and Causes
Intestinal infection in pregnancy is a rare phenomenon, but serious. During the period of gestation, the future mother has a reduced immune defense. Therefore, any microbial or virus can easily infiltrate a defenseless organism. Intestinal infection, or intestinal flu, is no exception. The disease is transmitted through dirty hands, food, personal items and water.
Intestinal infection during pregnancy proceeds in the same way as in her absence. The first signs are diarrhea, nausea, vomiting. Future mothers may experience headache, weakness, and fever. Often, pregnant women confuse these symptoms with ordinary toxicosis. If you have developed intestinal flu, then you should not self-medicate. To maintain your own health and normal development of the fetus, you need to see a doctor as soon as possible. At the same time, it is necessary to know how acute intestinal infection is treated during pregnancy. Consider the main drugs to treat this condition.
Purify the body of toxins
Treatment of intestinal flu always involves the use of sorbents. These drugs will help to cleanse the body of toxins that are secreted by microbes. Most substances are excreted unchanged, they are not absorbed into the bloodstream. Consequently, drugs are not capable of harming a future mother and her baby. The most popular sorbents are activated carbon, Polysorb, Smekta, Enterosgel.
Women are wondering: can activated charcoal be used during pregnancy? Doctors say that this sorbent is absolutely safe. It collects on its surface toxins, gases and alkaloids. Do not remember that take the drug should be in accordance with the appointment of a specialist or instruction. When using large volumes of sorbent will remove from the body and useful substances, including vitamins.
No intestinal flu is leaking without a rapid chair. Diarrhea during pregnancy in the early stages, as well as late, is dangerous. With diarrhea and vomiting, dehydration may occur. This is fraught with complications for the fetus and the woman herself. Is Smecta permitted during pregnancy? With diarrhea, this remedy is used quite often. In indications for the use of the drug, diarrhea is really indicated. In addition, the medicine has a cleansing effect. The drug is safe, as it is not absorbed into the blood. That is why in such situations, doctors are appointed exactly "Smecta" during pregnancy.
With diarrhea, loperamide-based drugs also help. But they are banned early. In the second and third trimester antidiarrheal medicine can be taken only under the supervision of the doctor and with the expected benefit to the mother, which exceeds the risks for the child.
Diarrhea during pregnancy (in the early stages) can be stopped with the help of folk recipes. Eliminate this symptom can rice decoction, porridge. Also effective is to take a few peas of black pepper. Physicians questionably apply to such methods.
Restore the water-salt balance
Intestinal infection during pregnancy can have effects in the form of dehydration. This situation develops with abundant diarrhea and vomiting. That is why it is so important to turn to the doctor in time. To restore the water-salt balance, special solutions are used. This is "Hydrovit" and "Regidron". They are available in the form of a powder for the preparation of a drink.
Take the medicine in small portions for several sips. It is important that the liquid has a body temperature. In this case, it will be assimilated as quickly as possible. Even with subsequent vomiting, therapy will be effective. If the future mother can not drink saline, rehydration is carried out by intravenous administration of solutions.
Drugs for vomiting and nausea
Is intestinal infection dangerous during pregnancy? Certainly! If the time does not stop diarrhea and vomiting, the consequences will be deplorable. Coping with nausea and vomiting will help preparations based on domperidona. They are available in tablets and in suspension. Means are allowed during pregnancy, but before use it is still better to consult a specialist. To medicines in which the active substance is domperidone, include "Motilium", "Motilak", "Motigect", "Passage" and so on.
For treatment, medicines with metoclopromide can be used. But they are appointed to future mothers only from the second half of pregnancy. If you have already crossed this barrier, you can use them. To such means it is possible to carry "Cerukal", "Reglan", "Perinorm", "Metamol" and others.
To reduce discomfort and eliminate nausea will also help mint tablets, green tea, a decoction of chamomile. But all products based on herbs can be dangerous, as they are allergens.
Intestinal infection during pregnancy is most often caused by a virus. To increase immunity and eliminate pathogens, antiviral drugs are prescribed. Inductors of interferon are considered the safest. These drugs force the body to cope with the infection without interfering in this fight. Frequently used drugs are "Ergoferon", "Kipferon", "Genferon" and so on.
There are also a lot of other immunomodulators and antiviral compounds: "Cycloferon", "Isoprinosine", "Citovir". But most of them are contraindicated during pregnancy. The question about the possibility of treatment by these means is taken by the doctor.
Do you need antibiotics?
Does antimicrobial use require an intestinal infection? In pregnancy, the use of such drugs is prohibited. Yes, and the use of their use will be small. You already know that in most cases the disease is caused by a virus. Antibiotics can not cope with such an infection. But intestinal antiseptics can help the future mother.
The most commonly used drugs in which the active substance is nifuroksazid: "Ekofuril", "Enterofuril", "Stopdiar", "Ersefuril" and so on. The instruction on the use of these drugs informs that to date no clinical data have been obtained regarding the use of medicines during pregnancy. But doctors assure that all means are safe and can not be absorbed into the blood. And this means that their antiseptic action is spread exclusively in the intestine.
Antipyretic agents: permitted medicines and their use
Often accompanied by high fever, an acute intestinal infection. In pregnancy, fever can be very dangerous. Therefore, it is necessary to closely monitor the thermometer. In the normal state, antipyretics are not used until the level of 38.5 degrees. But pregnancy is an exception.
Taking antipyretics for a future mother is necessary already at a temperature of 37.5. The most safe preparation is Paracetamol. He is allowed at any time. The drug is available in various forms for the convenience of the consumer. If the patient is severely vomiting, then it is advisable to use rectal suppositories. With diarrhea, tablets and capsules are recommended. In the second trimester of pregnancy, you can take funds based on ibuprofen, such as Nurofen. Use these drugs only as needed and do not exceed the dose.
Probiotics for microflora
During the intestinal flu, all the beneficial bacteria are washed out of the body. And after all, they affect the immune system and allow you to cope with many pathologies. Therefore, no treatment for intestinal infection is not without the use of probiotics. All of them are considered safe during pregnancy. This drugs "Lineks", "Acipol", "Bifiform", "Enterol" and so on.
Is it possible to combine activated charcoal during pregnancy with these funds? Sorbents combine well with probiotics, it is important only to observe a certain regimen. Cleansing formulations are used separately from all preparations. After using them, a probiotic or any other remedy can be taken only after two hours. Consult with your doctor and find the most suitable scheme for yourself.
Intestinal bacillus in pregnancy
This pathology is considered separately. It does not apply to intestinal flu and other diseases of the digestive system. Intestinal bacillus during pregnancy can show up quite by accident. Normally, it is in the intestines, but sometimes it can get into the vagina or urethra. Usually the reason for this is inadequate hygiene, wearing tight underwear and thongs, improper washing techniques and so on.
At the very beginning, the pathology does not manifest itself in any way and is determined exclusively by the laboratory. But later, obvious signs of her presence may begin: cystitis, unusual discharge from the vagina, itching and so on. This condition is quite dangerous. Therefore, the E. coli must be treated. Usually antibiotics are used for this. They can be used from the end of the second trimester of pregnancy. More details about the drugs, the duration of their use and the scheme of admission is to be learned from your gynecologist.
Intestinal infection that began during pregnancy can be dangerous. But if you contact the doctor on time and get a competent appointment, then unpleasant consequences can be avoided. The most often negative impact of pathology is observed in early pregnancy. After all, in the first trimester, the future mother can not take many medications, and this disease without them is difficult to eliminate. Therefore, at the earliest possible time, try to be especially careful about your health. The main prevention of intestinal flu is hygiene. Wash your hands often, do not use other people's towels. Try to use antibacterial antiseptic gels outside the house.
If the first symptoms of the disease have appeared, do not write off them for toxicosis. Consult a doctor for examination and correct diagnosis. Be healthy!