How to adopt a child from the hospital? What does it take to adopt a child? Adoption of a newborn
The happiness of being a parent is incomparable. To be next to your baby from the first seconds of his life, to see his first hesitant and cautious steps, to hear stupid and funny words ...
But what should one do to those who were deprived of this happiness by being a mother or a father? Do not despair. In such a situation, there is still a chance to become a happy parent - to adopt a child. A single woman or a man, or even whole families who do not have their own children, will thus be able not only to help themselves, but also to give a happy childhood to a child who has been unlucky in life.
What is adoption?
In the Russian Federation to adopt a child means to take him to himself, to his family, under his roof. To give him, except his own name, also caress, and love, and care.
With the adoption between the child and the newly-born parents, the same rights and responsibilities arise as in ordinary families with blood relationship. But whether there will be the same love and affection, it depends on you.
So, how to adopt a child from a hospital or from an orphanage? What needs to be done and where to turn for this? This is a rather lengthy procedure, and consists of several mandatory steps.
Step One: Become Adopters
First, you need to apply with the request to the guardianship authority at the place where you live. Only there you can get permission to adopt a child. Documents to be submitted:
a) application of the established pattern;
b) certificate of income or document from the place of permanent employment, which indicates the position you are occupying, and wages;
c) certificate of ownership of immovable property (housing) or an extract made from the home book;
d) a copy of your financial account;
e) a medical certificate of a standard form that is issued in a polyclinic at the place of residence to citizens wishing to become adoptive parents;
f) certificate confirming that you have no previous conviction;
h) certificate of marriage (copy) for citizens who are in it.
All of the above documents must be issued a maximum of 1 year ago. In addition to the medical report, which is valid for 3 months. When submitting documents, it is necessary to present a passport (birth certificate or other identification document).
What do you need to adopt a child, besides filing the above documents? Good living conditions. After all, the staff of the guardianship agency come to you to check how you live. And make a conclusion about whether you are able to provide a future child with a normal existence.
Then within 15 days (working) from the day when the application was submitted, the guardianship authority must draw up an opinion on whether you can become adoptive parents. In the case of a positive result, you will be issued a relevant document, which is valid for one year, and will register citizens who are adopters. In case of refusal, you will also be given the appropriate conclusion and within five days all documents will be returned.
Stage two: choose a child
In the event that you have received a positive response and become registered, the guardianship agency will tell you how to adopt a child from a maternity hospital or from an orphanage. After that, you will be provided with all information about children who are allowed to adopt. You have the right to receive detailed and reliable information about the child, including information about whether he has any relatives. If you want, you can contact any medical institution to conduct a child's examination.
Then the guardianship authorities will issue a referral to visit your chosen child at the place of residence. This document is valid for ten days and applies to only one child. In the event that, for valid reasons, the deadline was missed, it can be extended only by the relevant application.
After receiving the referral, you can safely go to a meeting with the child to get to know him, talk, study his documents and a medical report about his health. The last one needs to be done under the painting.
Then you are required to notify the guardianship authority in writing of how the child was visited and what decision was made on his account. It is also necessary to do this in a ten-day period while the issued direction is in effect.
If you decide for some reason to refuse to accept the proposed child in your family, you have the right to receive another direction in order to visit another applicant.
How to obtain information from the data banks
All orphans, who are allowed to adopt according to the law, are registered in regional and federal data banks. In order to obtain the relevant information, it is necessary to submit the following documents:
a) a copy of the passport, birth certificate or other document that certifies your identity;
b) the conclusion issued by the guardianship authority that you can be an adoptive parent;
c) a request for information and the selection of a child who meets your wishes;
The application with the documents attached to it is considered in a ten-day period. The guardianship authority is obliged once a month to send out new questionnaires of children that match your wishes. It takes fifteen days to study them.
Stage Three: court approval
It is officially and legally possible to adopt an infant or an older child in our country only through a court. The basis for the commencement of the trial is a request for adoption. It is submitted to the court at the place of residence of the adopted child.
The application must be properly executed and the following documents should be attached to it:
a) if you are not married - a birth certificate (copy), if you are married - a marriage certificate (copy);
b) certificate issued by the medical institution on the state of health;
c) certificate of income;
d) certificate of ownership of real estate (housing) or an extract made from the home book;
e) a document confirming that you are registered as an adoptive parent.
All of the above documents must be submitted to the court in duplicate. The meeting on this issue is closed and takes place in the presence of the prosecutor, the guardianship authority and the child, who is already fourteen years old. Your appearance in court is required. From the moment when the court decision comes into legal force, within 3 days a copy of this decision will be sent to the registry office for registration of adoption at the state level.
Stage Four: Arrange for Adoption
The last thing you need to adopt a child is to legally formalize it. This is the responsibility of the Civil Registry Office. In order to register an adoption, you need to write an application or address orally. To do this, you need to submit your passport and a positive court decision. If within a month you do not do this yourself, then the registration of adoption will be carried out by the registrar independently on the basis of a court document.
A new birth certificate is issued in the registry office, where your names will already be in the "mother" and "father" columns. However, if the child has property relations with biological parents, no changes in the record of his birth will be made.
Now you have the right to personally take your child. But do not forget, within 10 days from the date of the positive decision of the court, to notify the whole body of the guardianship, on the account of which you are a member.
How to adopt a child from a hospital
Take a baby from the hospital is much more difficult than from shelters or houses baby. The fact is that couples who want to adopt a newborn child are much more in our country than those who are willing to take older children into their family.
To such adoptive parents, guardianship agencies, as well as courts, are treated with increased attention.
So, the main requirement for this procedure is the difference in age between the future parent and the child of at least 16 years.
The application for the desire to become an adoptive parent must be notarized.
In addition to meeting all of the above requirements, you must undergo a full medical examination for mental disorders, skin and venereal diseases, oncology and disorders of the nervous system.
Who can not be an adoptive parent
1) persons recognized in court as legally incompetent or incompetent;
2) spouses, if one of them is incapacitated or has limited capacity;
3) persons deprived of their parental rights by the court;
4) persons who are unable to fulfill their parental responsibilities due to their state of health;
5) former adoptive parents, if previously the court revoked the adoption through their fault;
6) citizens discharged from guardianship in a judicial procedure;
7) unemployed or poor citizens who are unable to provide a living wage to the adopted child;
8) persons previously convicted for serious crimes;
9) persons without a fixed place of residence;
10) citizens who live in premises that do not meet technical and sanitary standards.
The size of the payments depends on many factors: where do you live, work, how old the adopted child is, and so on.
A one-time benefit, which is paid with the adoption of a child, is 8,000 rubles. This is a common federal grant. There are also separate lump sum payments for the Moscow region: for each child - 20,000 rubles. If you adopt another child under the age of six months, you will receive an allowance of 5,000. On the third - 15,000. For each subsequent - 20,000 rubles.
If you do not work and adopt a child for up to three months - also receive benefits. These are payments in the amount of the average monthly wage calculated for the last 12 months worked.
The Mystery of Adoption
Many try to adopt a child for up to a year, because they think that it is thus easier to hide this "terrible" secret. Others, on the contrary, do not believe that there is something shameful in this, and from the very childhood they open the whole truth to the adopted child.
According to the Russian legislation, all those who are aware of the adoption procedure (employees of guardianship agencies, registry office, judge who issued the decision and others) are obliged to keep this secret. For her disclosure comes responsibility: from a fine of 80,000 rubles to arrest for four months.
However, any person who has reached the age of 18 is entitled to receive in the judicial archive all information about his adoption, as well as about real parents.