How to adopt a child from the hospital? What it takes to adopt a child? The newborn adoption
The happiness of being a parent is incomparable. Stay close to your baby from the first seconds of his life, see his first tentative and prudent steps, to hear the silly and funny words...
But what about those whom nature has deprived this happiness – to be a mom or dad? Do not despair. In such a situation is still a chance to be the proud parent – adopt a child. A lonely woman or man, or even families without their own children, thus will not only help yourself, but also give a happy childhood to a child who is not fortunate in life.
What is the adoption
In the Russian Federation to adopt a child means to take him, in his family, under their roof. To give him, except his name, and even affection, and love, and care.
In adoption between the child and new parents experience the same rights and responsibilities as a family with consanguinity. But whether the same love and affection that depends on you.
So, how to adopt a child from the hospital or the orphanage? What you need to do and where to go? This is a fairly long procedure, and it consists of several required stages.
Step one: become adoptive parents
First, you need to request the guardianship authority at the place where you live. The only way you can obtain permission to adopt a child. Documents to be submitted:
a) a statement of the established sample
b) certificate of income or a document from the place of permanent employment, which shows the position that you occupy, and the wages
C) certificate of ownership of real estate (housing) or an extract made from the house
g) a copy of your financial accounts
d) medical certificate of the established sample which is given in the clinic by place of residence of the citizens, wishing to become adoptive parents
e) a certificate confirming that you have no criminal record
h) marriage certificate (copy) for citizens, including in it.
All of the above documents must be issued a maximum of 1 year ago. In addition to the medical report valid for 3 months. When applying, you must present a passport (a birth certificate or other ID).
What it takes to adopt a child, in addition to submitting the documents listed above? Good accommodation. After all, employees of the guardianship will visit you to check how you live. And concluded, if you give the unborn baby a normal life.
Then within 15 days (working) from the date when the application was filed, the guardianship should be the conclusion, can you become adoptive parents. In the case of a positive result, you will be given the relevant document, which is valid for one year, and put on the account of citizens who are adoptive parents. In case of failure you will also send the appropriate conclusion, and within five days will return all documents.
Step two: choose the child
In that case, if you received a positive response and were registered in the guardianship will tell you how to adopt a child from the hospital or from the orphanage. After that, you will be given all the information about children that are allowed to adopt. You have the right to receive detailed and reliable information about the child, including information about whether he had any relatives. If you wish, you can go to any medical institution to carry out inspection of the child.
Then the guardianship will be given a direction to visit your chosen the child's place of residence. This document is valid for ten days and applies to the visit only one child. In that case, if for valid reasons the deadline was missed, it can extend only on the relevant application.
After getting the referral you can go to a meeting with your child to get to know him, to talk, to explore his papers and a medical report on his health. The latter must be done under the painting.
Then you are obliged to inform the guardianship authority about how visited the child and what decision was made on his account. It must be done also within a ten-day period, while valid referrals.
If you decide for whatever reason to refuse to accept the child in your family, you are eligible for another direction to visit another candidate.
How to obtain information from data banks
All orphans, to adopt which is permitted in accordance with the legislation listed in regional and Federal data banks. To obtain the appropriate information, you must submit the following documents:
a) copy of passport, birth certificate or other document that certifies your identity
b) statement issued by the guardianship that you can be an adoptive parent
C) the statement with the request for information and identify a child that matches your needs
Application with documents attached to it, is addressed in the ten-day period. The guardianship authority is obliged once a month to send me new profiles of children that meet your needs. To study them is fifteen days.
Stage three: court approval
Officially and legally adopt a baby or older child in our country is possible only through court. The basis for the commencement of judicial proceedings – application for adoption. It is submitted to the court at the place of residence of the adopted child.
The application must be properly designed, and it also enclose the following documents:
a) if you are not married – birth certificate (copy) if they are – marriage certificate (copy)
b) a certificate issued by a medical institution about health
C) income statement
g) certificate of ownership of real estate (housing) or an extract made from the house
d) a document confirming that you are registered as the adoptive parent.
All the above documents must be submitted to the court in two copies. The debate on this question is closed and takes place in the presence of the Prosecutor, an employee of the guardianship authority and the child who is now fourteen years old. Your court appearance is mandatory. From the moment the court decision enters into legal force, within 3 days a copy of this decision be sent to the Registrar for registration of adoption at the state level.
Step four: prepare the adoption
The last thing you want to adopt a child – it's all legal issue. This deals with the registry office. To register an adoption, you need to write an application or apply orally. For this you need to present your passport and a positive decision of the court. If during the month you don't do this yourself, then adoption will be held on the registry office independently on the basis of a court document.
The registry office is issued a new birth certificate of the child, where in the columns "mother" and "father" will already be your names. However, if the child remained the property relations with their biological parents, no changes to the record of his birth will not be introduced.
Now you may personally pick up their child. But don't forget within 10 days after the court's positive decision to notify all the guardianship, which consist.
How to adopt a child from the hospital
To take the baby from the hospital is much harder than from shelters or orphanages. The fact is that couples who want to adopt a newborn baby in our country much more than those who are willing to accept into their family the older children.
To the adoptive parents, the guardianship and the courts are treated with increased attention.
So, the basic requirement for this is that the age difference between the future parent and child at least 16 years.
A statement of desire to become an adoptive parent must be notarized.
In addition to compliance with all the requirements, you must pass a full medical examination for mental disorders of skin and venereal diseases, Oncology and disorders of the nervous system.
Who cannot be an adoptive parent
1) persons recognised in a judicial order limited legal capacity or incapacitated
2) the spouse, if one of them is incapable or partially capable
3) persons deprived of parental rights by the court
4) for reasons of health, unable to perform parental responsibilities
5) former adoptive parents, if the previous court has been revoked the adoption of their fault
6) citizens discharged from custody in court
7) unemployed or poor citizens, unable to provide a living wage for an adopted child
8) persons previously convicted of serious crimes
9) persons without a certain residence
10) citizens who live in areas that do not meet technical and sanitary standards.
The money issue
The size of payments depends on many factors: where you live, work, how old is the adopted child, etc.
A lump sum which is payable when a child is 8 000 rubles. This is the General Federal welfare. There are also separate lump sum for Moscow region: for each child – 20 000 rubles. If you adopt more then one child under the age of six months, will receive a benefit 5 000. For the third – 15 000. On each subsequent 20 000.
If you are not working and adopt a child of up to three months also receive an allowance. A payment in the amount of the average monthly wage, calculated over the past 12 months worked.
The secrecy of adoption
Many try to adopt a child under one year, because I think that in this way it is easier to hide this "horrible" secret. Others, on the contrary, I do not think that there is something shameful, since you open a foster kid the truth.
Under Russian law, all those who are knowledgeable about the adoption process (employees of the guardianship, the Registrar, the judge issued the decision and others), are obliged to keep this secret. Disclosure responsibility: from a penalty in 80 000 roubles before arrest for four months.
However, any person under the age of 18 is entitled to in the court files all of the information about his adoption and real parents.