How to celebrate New year in Africa? Traditions, rituals, history
The arrival of the New year is always associated with the beginning of a new cycle, new life, new ideas. It feels every person on our planet, but most clearly all this appears against the background of traditions, which are still inextricably tied to nature. This phenomenon can be found in Africa, in the cradle of our humanity. How to celebrate New year in Africa and what is their celebration different from ours? What traditions honor the inhabitants of the various countries "black continent"? What is New year? For these and many other questions, read the answers below.
How did this holiday?
The first script of the New year in Africa appeared in Ancient Egypt. It is here that created the first calendar in the world, which allowed people to calculate time, not only for hours but for months. New year comes at the end of September, when the Nile overflowed and flooded the adjoining shore. On this day, his water lowering the boat. In it were placed statues of the God Amon, his wife Mut and son Khonsu. The boat plied the vastness of the river for a month, and after the statue again returned to their temples. In the rest of the tribes of Africa, who had no state system for a long time the arrival of the new year none noted. After the continent was turned into a European colony here have removed and European traditions. Because now the New year in African countries met on 1 January, and traditions have much in common with the Catholic.
What is characteristic of modern rites
Before I talk in detail about how to celebrate the New year in Africa, we consider some aspects of life of the people of this continent. A large part of the populated areas is below the poverty line, especially because there will not clear. In addition, men more often live in cities, being on earnings, and women with children remain in the villages. For the New year family always be reunited. Men bring home the generous gifts, jewelry. Kids decorate house, decorate trees, juniper bushes, other plants (how about we tree). Arranged a feast and celebration, where the main dishes are various meat delicacies, and as the main beverage – intoxicating beer homemade. The fact that champagne, which is sold here only in the capital, the locals have no money.
Tanzania and Kenya: celebration
These countries have been the standard by world standards, and familiar to us in the New year in Africa. Traditions of new year celebrations here are almost entirely borrowed from the Christian world. That is, the celebration takes place on 1 January, many people go to Church for the Christmas holidays (as it is home to many Catholics and even the Orthodox). The difference is that there is not decorate Christmas trees, and tropical plants, mostly palms. In addition, during the period of the calendar winter here can be traced the high temperature performance. Because in the New year, people bathe in the ocean and go Windsurfing.
The peculiarities of its celebration in South Africa
This country is considered the richest and most developed on the continent. But, anyway, the rich there still live only tourists and visitors. How to celebrate New year in Africa, where there is such inequality between the races? The main tradition on 1 January in South Africa is considered a charity. In the Central streets of the cities come the indigenous people of the country and government representatives. They distribute all the gifts to the needy and organize a celebration at your expense.
West Africa and its tribal customs
In the Western part of the continent you can see the most unusual New year in Africa. Traditions here are rooted in the past Millennium, and they consist in the following. For example, the locals run a race on all fours with the egg in his mouth. It is important not to break and not to break it and also not to damage the shell. After starting the ritual dances around the fire, where the leaders of the tribes ispolzavat special knives. But their wounds were immediately delayed due to the ointments, made on the basis of local plants.
The new tradition
We briefly reviewed how to celebrate the New year in Africa, and how the traditions of local people combine with European customs. Now we know what new year celebration is traditional for all members of the "black Diaspora" in the world. This, of course, Kwanzaa, which lasts from December 26 to January 1. In those seven days, every night lit seven candles – one black, three green and three red. In their light, discusses the virtues and the old rituals that allow Africans to preserve their identity.