How and how much to drink folic acid during pregnancy? Folic acid and vitamin E in pregnancy
For women who are expecting a baby, the most important thing is to take care of one's health. This includes a lot. Nutrition is the basis. What, besides high-quality products, you need more, you will learn from this article.
Useful to everyone
Many probably heard about folic acid. It is extremely important for our body. It was obtained relatively recently (in 1941) from spinach leaves. And it was synthesized for the first time in 1946.
This acid is a capricious thing, unstable. About half of it disappears, if for a long time to keep the product in the light. And if you cook or fry vegetables and herbs that contain folic acid, then it can collapse by 90%!
However, vitamin B9 (the second name of folic acid) is very necessary for a person, especially since it is not produced by itself in the body. In any case, it is synthesized in such a small amount that it can not be covered by the daily need.
What is the role of folic acid? It is simpler to say, in which bodies it does not participate, than to list where this substance is involved.
So, its role in the activity of the hematopoietic organs and intestine, as well as in the work of the liver, is important. The acid system perfectly supports the immune system, but it also promotes transformations in oxidation-reduction processes and helps the functioning of blood cells (white and red). Be sure that folic acid is involved in protein biosynthesis, it works perfectly on the brain, its work and so on.
And if the deficit?
Do not be surprised, because our organisms are rather complex physico-chemical devices! And when B9 is not enough in them (which is almost everyone!), Then fatigue and insomnia begin, anxiety and loss of appetite, malfunctioning with breathing and memory. Add apathy with anemia, various abdominal pains and unpleasant nausea, sores in the mouth and general depression. There is even a graying of the hair, as well as their loss. We are not talking about dementia and birth defects in newborns.
That's from what troubles (and sometimes grief) can release us the small flat yellow tablets that we should drink regularly, but do not do this, whether by ignorance, or from disorder.
But the greatest deficiency of folic acid is observed in women who take hormonal medications and are addicted to alcohol.
By the way, the drug is sold without a prescription, and you will not ruin it at all. In any pharmacy there is folic acid. The price will surprise you: from 27 to 35 rubles (for a package of 1 mg, 50 pieces, from different manufacturers).
Important for all
Until recently, B9 was considered for some reason just a woman's vitamin. But fresh scientific evidence says that it will not hurt the representatives of the stronger sex, especially when they want to become fathers. And in general, for any of the adults, such pills - a good and just an indispensable help for strengthening the body.
In what other cases are these pills irreplaceable? Folic acid during pregnancy is extremely necessary. What is its use? It ensures the correct speed of growth and development of the expected baby. Without this substance can not do with cell division of cells, including blood cells. But the most valuable thing is that folic acid is very necessary in the early stages of pregnancy. Moreover, many experts advise taking it already when you are just planning to have a baby. So to say, it is better to begin to strengthen your body in advance, because with a lack of vitamin B9 there will be a much higher risk of the appearance of a variety of congenital malformations in the fetus.
Many experiments of scientists have proved that folic acid is a strong barrier, which protects against deviations in the development of the fetus of its neural tube, which threaten many pathologies, for example prematurity and hypotrophy. And the latter is nothing more than a breakdown (and chronic) of nutrition and, in general, digestion in young children. They begin to develop exhaustion, the immunity is very low, many vital functions of a young organism are violated.
Therefore, one should take your pregnancy very seriously! And then the baby will be born strong and healthy.
Grows on the bed
Of course, vitamin B9 can be consumed, and not going to the pharmacy, because often it grows in our garden. They are rich in the same spinach. Do not forget about seeds, soybeans, beans, asparagus, cabbage and even peanuts.
Most of all they are full of yeast, liver, and both animals and birds. Good in this respect are herbs: basil, rosemary, parsley and other spicy. Include all this in your diet, even if not every day, but at least once a week.
However, in order to provide yourself with the necessary norm of a vitamin a day, you will have to absorb literally kilograms of vegetables. Yes, and a pretty penny it can fly in today. In pharmacies, there is always folic acid. Its price is low, as mentioned above.
In some countries, by the way, the law on compulsory enrichment of flour products and bread with folic acid has been adopted.
From the first days
But, you will tell or say, if in products there is natural B9, what for and how much to drink folic acid at pregnancy chemist's? This should be done because at the time of cooking, a part of the vitamin is destroyed. In addition, a set of foods rich in folic acid, in our diet is not so great. And even if you have superfood food, it still does not cover the normal needs of the body in B9. And the availability of this substance of natural origin is small, if compared with those tablets that are sold in pharmacies.
Very many people drink the drug "Folic acid" during pregnancy. Reviews about it - only positive. B9 it is desirable to take any future mother for prevention (up to 12 weeks inclusive). And to some people, according to the results of the tests, "shock" doses are prescribed. The main thing is that all your actions should be directed by doctors, specialists, and not by an acquaintance, friend or even relatives.
What is the dose?
The question of how much to drink folic acid during pregnancy, the gynecologist decides. Now a daily rate is established for those women who are waiting for the child, and this is 0.4 mg. But there are cases - and there are many of them - when the dose can become much larger. For example, it concerns patients who have developed some defects in their development. Also those who are already taking other medicines, it is recommended to increase the dosage to 4-5 mg (with daily intake). Next, the drug is appointed based on the results of studying how the baby is formed.
In other cases, it is recommended to take folic acid (1 mg) during pregnancy in a dosage of 1 tablet per day. All changes are indicated only by the doctor.
But at the same time, as scientists have found out, in any case, an overdose of B9 can not in any way harm the embryo in its development.
Features of use
So when is it best to start drinking the drug "Folic Acid" during pregnancy? How many pills a day? Women who take seriously the health of the unborn child, they must be taken before conception, exactly from the moment they wanted to give birth. The dose per day is 0.4 mg. And then, when the pregnancy comes, stop taking is not necessary.
Why at the first only hint of pregnancy is required to immediately go to the pharmacy? Because you can miss the most active phase of development in the neural tube embryo. And it ends in the sixth week.
To consume or not all the sets of vitamins that the doctor strongly recommends, each woman decides herself. This, after all, is her own business. But, as we know, not all ladies are obedient, and many are simply frivolous and disregard the advice. Others believe that the opinion of experienced pregnant women is more important. And doctors, they say, just need to write more pills.
But to deny real facts is to deliberately harm not only yourself, but also the future baby. And then you'll cry that you did not listen to what the gynecologist was saying.
It's quite simple at the first thought that you are a lady in an interesting position, hurry to the clinic. And there they will already tell you how to take folic acid during pregnancy.
If the woman found out that she will have a child, she becomes registered with the doctor. And he immediately appoints her another drug. For folic acid and vitamin E in pregnancy are the two most necessary things.
And again, some ladies do not want to follow the recommendations of a specialist. What for? Like, they feel great. And so to do is really very bad.
In general, tocopherol is the second name of vitamin E. In the translation of the Greek language this means the following: "Tokos" is a birth, and "ferro" is a burden to wear. In other words, the drug contributes to the very conception, and bearing fruit, and even the birth of an infant. This is his triple invaluable mission.
Note: it is equally useful for both moms and their kids. It is not enough to know how to take folic acid during pregnancy. Still need this useful supplement. That now we will be proved.
We present to the doubters a whole list of the positive properties of tocopherol. It prevents the risk of miscarriage, and this is in the first place. Then, he takes a lot of part in creating the baby's breathing system. It helps the placenta to ripen in a timely manner, protects the flexibility of blood vessels, does not allow blood clots to form, supports the work of hormones, and also promotes the production of prolactin (it is he who "supplies" the mother with milk after the birth). As you can see, the question is not only how much to drink folic acid during pregnancy.
Even without tocopherol, there would be a threat of leg cramps in a woman who is in a position. Also, vitamin E affects how her skin, hair and nails look, and during the period of bearing a baby, and after childbirth. Finally, the drug begins to treat the same dysfunction of the female ovaries and another.
And that's why this important vitamin is always recommended at the beginning of pregnancy? It is interesting. As it turned out, despite the great advantages, it is impossible to drink tocopherol for a long time. It has such property, as accumulation in tissues (fatty). Over time, there is an overabundance of this substance, which leads to a very undesirable phenomenon. The woman's muscles become excessively elastic before birth, and this is not necessary at such a crucial moment.
It was not proved yesterday that a person should take only 20 mg of tocopherol per day. But pregnancy is a special case! And here the dosage of the vitamin depends on a lot: the condition of the ward gynecologist, the results of fresh analyzes. Even the height and weight of the pregnant woman matter. That's usually prescribed this vitamin for 200-400 mg per day.
Rosehip and bran
Still women in position should consider the following: as the doctor has appointed or nominated tokoferol - one or together with other microcells.
And the most unexpected - vitamin E is not necessary to drink at all! In some, of course, individual situations and in contrast to the same folic acid. It is quite possible to receive it and just at the dinner table. Often eat eggs, do not forget about the seeds. Do not give up the broths of the dogrose. Boil your buckwheat and oatmeal. Also, a lot of tocopherol is found in both bran and wheat germ.
Be reasonable. Be sure to find out how much to drink folic acid during pregnancy and how much you need tocopherol. Do not stop caring for yourself and your future child. This will allow you to give birth to wonderful kids and experience the real happiness of motherhood.