Gourami spotted: description, maintenance, and reproduction
The birthplace of the spotted gourami – Indochina. In the natural environment fish live in stagnant and slowly flowing waters. The locals are happy to drink gourami in food, in nature, these fish reach sizes up to 15 cm in length. It looks quite beautiful the water people, they are very popular with aquarium hobbyists, it can not only decorate a house for fish, and to benefit by eating all its hydras. You have decided to make themselves a fish like spotted gourami? Content, compatibility with other aquarium inhabitants, the diet and reproduction — all of this you can learn from the article.
Called because these fish due to the particular structure of the lips. They have a gourami strongly developed and adapted to clear the glass of the aquarium from food residues and growths of greenery. Lip movements are very reminiscent of kiss, especially in those moments when the fish would quarrel and jostle with wide open mouths.
Spotted gourami in the aquarium conditions of detention grows up to 12 cm Body is fish is high and compressed laterally. The fins are similar to a thin threadlike mustache, which by their length correspond to the total length of the body. These whiskers help the fish to feel the environment, they are constantly moving. If spotted gourami sees a strange object, a fish or a snail, it immediately begins to feel from all sides is not yet familiar. During spawning, females and males touching each other mustache, as if caressing and hugging. If it so happens that the tendril breaks off, then soon after the injury, he grows again. Anal lucky fin begins at the anus and ends at the beginning of the caudal fin.
Color spotted gourami is silvery-purple. Across the body are purple stripes with a darker shade. Near the tail and in the middle of the trunk is dark spot. Fins transparent with white or pale orange spots.
Males differ from females in more saturated color, females anal and dorsal fin is sharper and longer than in male.
Spotted gourami: content
The content spotted gourami there is no difficulty, as they are not fussy, but some features still need to know if you decided to have these beautiful fish. The most important thing is to select the appropriate aquarium, which should be not less than 40 liters.
The next step is preparing the house for the fish. Before you fill it with water, it is necessary to stand for two days. What water spotted gourami will feel comfortable?
• The temperature of 22-28 degrees.
• Hardness (dH) is 5-35.
• Acidity (pH) — 6,0 -8,5.
On the bottom of the aquarium, place the dark pebbles or gravel, put a few different snags and large rounded stones. Part of the water of the house should be densely planted with Java moss, Thai fern, Vallisneria or Cryptocoryne. On the surface of the water, place the duckweed, Salvinia, riccia or piste.
Aquarium with spotted residents are advised to place in a place where it will be a few hours a day to cover the sun. Fish of this species are very mobile, they can easily jump out of the water and die. To avoid this, their glass house must be covered with a special cover. To remove it to once every seven days. Aeration and filtration of water for the gourami optional.
Gourami spotted in the food is not fussy, he with pleasure eats both vegetable food and food of animal origin.
In the diet gourami you can also include dry food — Cyclops, Daphnia, gammarids.
Gourami spawns sorokaletova spotted in the aquarium with a water level of 20 cm at a temperature of not less than 27-28 degrees, the composition of the water normal.
A week before the start of the spawning fish-parents need to feed only live food. The male without the participation of the females builds the nest, spending on this activity for about two days. In apartments prepared for him arrives the expectant mother and begins to spawn, the future Pope immediately fertilizes.
After spawning the female should be immediately deposited, the male gourami is very well cares for the nest and eggs. He is very attentive and caring, regularly corrects the nest, if necessary, transfers the eggs in the best place of the house, creates a water current movements of the fins.
As a result of such efforts through the night in the nest, you notice small larvae, which are kept in a vertical position. Caring father will care for the children until before they turn into fry and swims out of the nest. This time, a good parent is transformed into a hideous cannibal can eat all the offspring, which was so carefully looked after. Therefore it is very important not to miss the moment of transformation and the time to transplant a male. The remaining small fish 3-4 days should be fed infusoria, then you can go to small zooplankton.
Compatible in an aquarium with other fish
Spotted gourami – fish are very peaceful. These guys feel comfortable with the other peaceful inhabitants of the aquarium.
You only need to choose the neighborhood for those types that need the same water parameters and conditions.
Perfect neighbors for the gourami: