Hypoallergenic mixture for a newborn: reviews, list, names
Specialists who observe women during pregnancy and pediatricians increasingly relate allergic reactions that occur in newborns, with the frequency of stressful situations experienced by the mother during the period of gestation, and with her diet as during the "pregnant" months, both and with lactation.
Therefore, the first advice from doctors: a minimum of emotions, a maximum of positive emotions, the right foods and a healthy lifestyle for a future mother. These "three whales" are a panacea for allergies in infants.
It is more difficult if protein intolerance in a child is due to genetic causes. But in this case, everything is not so hopeless: a hypoallergenic mixture for the newborn comes to the rescue.
Causes of allergies
Often, this unpleasant and dangerous disease affects children who are on artificial feeding. Because they are forced instead of mother's native milk, which is so easily absorbed by the familiar to all the mother's children's body, to get the protein of cow's milk or gluten (also protein, but of vegetable origin). And the foreign protein elements are not so good that the baby's organism perceived them without a murmur and obediently.
The cause of food allergies can serve as congenital atopy - an allergy "by inheritance" or some diseases that the mother suffered during pregnancy. Not the last negative role is assigned to bad habits, to part with which many women do not find strength, even bearing a child. The main danger is smoking.
It's bad if the mother during the breastfeeding of the baby can not deny herself the pleasure of eating what in this critical period there is no need: fruits, vegetables, berries, nuts, excessive amounts of eggs and milk, too spicy, fried foods or strong broths . As a result, the child pays for the mother's inability to tolerate it.
Allergies in newborn babies can be recognized by bloating, vomiting and constant regurgitation, diarrhea or constipation, a runny nose and a cough that is uncharacteristic for infants of dyspnea. Symptoms can manifest separately or in a complex.
Noticing a baby before six months or a year of one or more suspicious symptoms, it is necessary to immediately consult a pediatrician and begin to change the composition of food. In this case young and inexperienced mothers should learn how two times two: a hypoallergenic mixture for a newborn is introduced into the diet gradually, there should not be any substitutions at a time.
How dangerous is an allergy and how to avoid it
If the child's body began to irritate the protein, then this is only the first bell to the fact that in the future it may increase the sensitivity to other types of allergens, and the baby will suffer not only from the inability to eat properly, but also from plant pollen, house dust and animal hair.
To avoid such a serious problem, it is necessary to take all measures to combat allergy from the first months of life.
First, and this is the most important and effective, you need as long as possible to hold the baby on breastfeeding. Protein of female milk is not alien, and the child's organism can not reject it a priori, it reacts adequately to the composition of the mother's milk.
Secondly, with an acute shortage of breast milk and an absolute contraindication to a cow, a hypoallergenic mixture for newborns is needed. Reviews of the mixed type of feeding indicate that children under half a year should not be given not fully adapted formula (containing natural protein) - they will not be able to absorb, they will not be able to get rid of allergic manifestations.
Adaptation of mixtures: complete and partial
To understand what mixtures and at what age should be introduced into the children's diet, one should know about the artificial feeding for babies one major nuance: the milk mixtures are divided into fully and partially adapted to assimilate the fragile organism of the baby.
Even an inexperienced mother can not be unaware of what, in a specific case, her baby needs a hypoallergenic mixture for newborns. Names should sound clearly and concretely, because it depends on how effective the baby will be.
So, fully adapted mixtures of the composition resemble mother milk as much as possible, created on the basis of demineralized milk whey. You can find them by the numbers in the title - 1 or 0-6 ("Hipp-1", "Nutrilon-1", "Nutrilak-0-6").
Partially adapted - more nutritious, because their composition includes milk protein. Actually, it becomes the reason that the organism of a newborn baby can not easily assimilate such a complex product. Mixtures with natural milk protein are recommended for children who have crossed the "solid" semi-annual milestone. When choosing such mixtures, it is necessary to be guided by the "deuce" or index of age 6-12 on the package ("Nan-6-12" or "Hipp-2").
Mixtures and their composition
Breastfed can suffer from various manifestations of food allergies - it all depends on the cause of the disease and on the individual characteristics of the body.
To get rid of a specific baby from specific allergic reactions, it is necessary to use only the mixture that is most suitable for composition and instead of long-awaited relief will not bring even more trouble.
Each hypoallergenic mixture for newborns, the list of which is given below, differs from the rest in composition, but none of them is universal. Therefore, the selection of the main food for babies should be approached very carefully and only after consultation with the pediatrician.
Types of mixtures by composition:
- on the basis of goat milk ("Cabrida 1 Gold", "Nenni");
- on the basis of soy isolates (Similak-Izomil, Nan-soya, Nutrilak-soya, Soya-Semp, Tutteli-soya, etc.);
- on the basis of hydrolysates of cow's milk (Nutrilon low-lactose-4, Pepti-Junior, Alfare, Frizepep, Hipp-GA).
Basis - goat's milk
From time immemorial in the village families, where children grew up, it was obligatory to keep a goat or even a few on the farm. And now for the sake of improving the child each mother tries to buy natural goat's milk. True, this option is good for children who have left infants. And the smallest is needed only it - hypoallergenic mixture for the newborn.
The composition of goat's milk is not very different from the composition of cow's milk, but, nevertheless, the child's body absorbs its proteins and fats more easily.
Mixtures based on goat's milk are shown to babies, who have allergic reactions to cow and soy milk. But they are happy to eat and absolutely healthy children.
The basis is soybean
Soy mixes are a product in which lactose is completely absent. They, it would seem, are the best option for feeding babies with intolerance to cow's milk.
Until recently, the hypoallergenic mixture for newborns "Nan" on soy was at the peak of popularity.
But over time, parents began to notice the wrong: the mixture on a similar basis began to cause allergies in children. Soy protein was not so harmless. Therefore, before you enter the mixture in the infants menu, everything needs to be weighed and rechecked. The child can not be the object of experiments.
Basis - cow's milk
These mixtures are divided into subgroups according to their intended use:
- medicinal, without antigens, are necessary for nutrition of children with pronounced allergic reactions;
- therapeutic and prophylactic are desirable for children who are at risk of food allergies, as well as for mild forms of its manifestation (most mothers prefer to buy a domestic product.) As the best option has proven a hypoallergenic mixture for newborns, "Nutrilak" of Russian production);
- preventive - the product of the preventive group, which prevents the occurrence of allergies.
The leading role in choosing the most suitable product is played by two factors:
- Assessment of the general health of the child by the specialist and the degree of allergization of the child's organism.
- Awareness of parents. Hypoallergenic mixture for a newborn, first of all, a medical product, and then - food.
When choosing a mixture, it is necessary to pay attention to such important nuances as the protein content (the optimal amount is from 12 to 14 g per liter of ready-to-eat product); the quality of the protein, which is determined by the ratio of whey to casein (for children up to six months this figure should not exceed 80/20); the content of fats and carbohydrates, the number of which should be as close as possible to that found in breast milk.
If from the first days of life the baby is deprived of mother's milk, then among the options for artificial nutrition, you can find a substitute. Officially, he is called - the substitute of breast milk, in fact the same hypoallergenic mixture for newborns, "Similak."
However, judging by the reviews, with it there are some problems: it is not suitable for all children and has a sharp smell.