China: history, types, care rules
Since children's sets toy tea and the comfy antique porcelain, dinnerware, came to us from the East, have become an integral part of everyday life. There will be no friendly meeting or a gala dinner or family gatherings. China is not only a decoration, but also a practical utensil, which once again will bring aesthetic pleasure to those who use it. Read more about its history, types and intricacies of care read on.
Back to the past
The pottery was accompanied humans since time immemorial, and found in excavations around the globe. However, tea and dinner sets in the most close to the present day sense appeared in China, where porcelain was invented in 620. The ruling dynasty built a factory for the production of cookware made of this material. And to the North of the Empire produced white porcelain, and in the South — light blue. In Europe it was around the year of 1400, where the sets unprecedented for those times of beauty have become very popular among the wealthy strata of the population.
And for 300 years the Chinese have managed to remain a monopoly in this area. And only in 1708 managed experimentally to European porcelain. In Russia, the formula was opened by the scientist D. I. Vinogradov in the late 1740-ies, which has made possible the production of this dish in St.-Petersburg.
What is traditional Chinese porcelain tea set?
It includes not only the usual elements, but also many interesting utensils:
- little Cup is strictly in the form of bowls
- tea tools (spoon for shifting the tea in the teapot, the needle to unclog the spout of the tea funnel for sleep tea tongs to take the hot bowls, a knife for cutting an extruded product)
- beautiful small clay figurine of an animal is a necessary element of decoration which contemplate while enjoying a drink.
Chinese porcelain set, usually painted with complex patterns with a very high degree of detail.
A new tradition
Europe is actively taken up by Eastern traditions and eventually determined its standards. First popularized porcelain and tea Denmark. Sets this country was noted for her bright color, practical, a bit rough but durable design. They are often caused drawings depicting scenes in the rustic style. Cups had round wide bottom to retain heat longer drink.
The Russians lost in his love for tea only to the British and has reached unprecedented skill in making beautiful dishes. The sets were made of thick porcelain with a complex, ornate patterns. Utensils had rounded edges.
The British, who belong to the tea not only as a beverage but as a lifestyle, has made China a real work of art. Especially popular are the elongated forms and floral patterns. In the Victorian era a beautiful tea and dinner sets were required for all meals in wealthy homes. And because porcelain is a brittle material, the sale has long been popular a few drawings, and if necessary, customers can replace the broken item or just increase your set of dishes, keeping everything in the same style.
In the present-porcelain set includes 6 cups, 6 saucers and 1 teapot-teapot. But there are larger sets. In addition to the larger number of cups and saucers (12 pieces) in their structure can include: a few teapots, a sugar bowl with lid, ladle creamer, cake plate, tray.
And the difference between a porcelain coffee set from tea? First of all, the Cup size: the stronger the drink — so they are smaller. In addition, tea saucer must be deepened, so that it can be consumed beverage, and the coffee is completely flat.
Table service can have a much more components: a deep soup bowls, a small one for snacks, plates for dessert or pies, soup bowl, salt shaker, oil can, etc.
For everyday use it is better to get a separate kit with a thicker porcelain and sustainable form of ware. Particularly popular white, because it beautifully accentuates and does not distort the color of the drinks and dishes. Besides, it is easy to combine with other dishes and overall style of the kitchen.
Porcelain set with exquisite decor can become a family heirloom. But to ensure that he remained safe and sound, it is important to know some rules. Here is how to care for Cutlery and tea sets of China:
- wash cookware with non-aggressive detergent and do not RUB the area with gold, otherwise they quickly fade
- during storage, the whole "stack" is put in between a piece of thick paper
- gently raise and lower the lids on the dishes
- try to carry the pots, cups, tureens and other similar items not only for pen, but hold their hand
- saucers and trays must be taken not over the edge, and closer to the center.