Jewish hat: types, features
Each nation and nationality has its own traditions, culture and even outfits. For example, many people know the Jewish hat. What is the name of it, however, far from everyone knows. And they call it “kip”, which in Hebrew means “dome”.
A bit of history
Initially, the Jews covered their heads only during the prayers, thereby showing respect for the Most High. In addition, the priests of temples were supposed to wear bales. However, over time, they began to be honored by pious Jews. By the way, the name of the Hebrew hat symbolizes a kind of highest point within the microcosm.
Features of Jewish headgear
As for the bale, it is either sewn or knitted and is a small round cap that covers the top of the head. It can be worn separately, and you can hook under the top hat. If the pile is completely shallow, it is attached to the hair with hairpins. This Jewish hat should be worn during religious services, although it is not stipulated by the Torah or the Talmud, and therefore is not a law, but rather a custom. However, Orthodox Jews prefer to wear a pile always, and they teach children from the age of 13 on.
As a rule, a Jewish bale-cap can tell a lot about its owner. For example, Ashkenazi Jews wear a hat consisting of four or six wedges of black fabric with a white lining material. And religious Zionists prefer knitted bales of blue or white. In modern Israel, one can also find large-sized bales, which have a prominent strip along the circumference. This suggests that the hat bearer considers himself a supporter of the teachings of Rabbi Abraham Itchak Cook.
Another popular Jewish hat bears the interesting name "fine". This is a black yarmulke, made of velvet and trimmed along the edges with tails of sable or fox. In Israel, the varieties of this headdress there are more than one dozen. According to the rules, married men should wear stratons, but in some families they are worn by boys already at the age of 13. By the way, the pile is supposed to be worn at the top of the head, but many beginners try to fit it more comfortably on the back of the head.
The Jewish cap, according to local customs, must be worn on important, in terms of religious events, days, for example, on the Day of Judgment or on the day of memory of the dead. Historical facts show that in the USSR it was possible to appear in the pile only in the zone of the Jewish community, and even a penalty was introduced for violating this rule. And today, in some countries, Jews are advised not to attract attention with colorful headdresses, especially where anti-Semitic sentiments are strong.
Few people know, but in Russia a kind of bale was a yarmulke. True, she had some constructive differences, but in general, there were much more similar elements. Kneich can be attributed to the popular headgear of Israel - it is a hat with wide fields and a longitudinal hall. As a rule, it is sewn from black felt. Usually this type of hat is worn by Lithuanian Jews. Polish Jews prefer a hat with an unusual name Kapelyush: it looks like Kneich, but has no bends and no creases on the crown.