The Jewish Cap: Species, Features
Each nationality and nationality has its own traditions, culture and even dresses. For example, many know the Jewish cap. As she called it, however, not everyone knows. And they call it "kip", which in Hebrew means "dome".
A bit of history
Initially, the Jews covered their heads only during prayers, thus showing respect to the Almighty. In addition, the priests of the temples were supposed to wear bales. However, over time, they became revered and pious Jews. By the way, the name of the Jewish cap symbolizes a kind of the highest point within the microcosm.
Features of Jewish Headgear
As for the bales, it is either sewn or knit and is a small round cap that covers the top of the head. It can be worn separately, and you can poddevat under the top hat. If the bale is not very shallow, it is attached to the hair with the help of a hairpin. This Jewish cap should be worn during religious services, although it is not stipulated either by the Torah or the Talmud, and therefore is not a law, but rather a custom. However, Orthodox Jews prefer to wear a pile always, and accustom them to this from the age of 13.
As a rule, a Jewish kip hat can tell a lot about its owner. For example, Ashkenazi Jews wear a dress, consisting of four or six wedges of black cloth with white lining material. And religious Zionists prefer knitted bales of blue or white. In modern Israel, you can also find large bales that have a prominent strip around the circumference. This indicates that the bearer of the hat refers himself to the supporters of the teachings of Rabbi Abraham Yitzhak Cook.
Another popular Jewish hat has an interesting name "penalty". This is a black skullcap sewn from velvet and trimmed along the edges with the tail of a sable or a fox. In Israel there are more than a dozen varieties of this headdress. According to the rules, married men should wear shirts, but in some families they are worn by boys from the age of 13. By the way, a kipu is supposed to be worn on the crown, but many beginners try to attach it more comfortably on the back of the head.
The Jewish cap, according to local customs, must necessarily be put on important days from the point of view of religious events, for example, on the Day of Judgment or on the day of the memory of the deceased. Historical facts show that in the USSR in the bale it was possible to appear only in the zone of the Jewish community, and even a fine was imposed for violating this rule. And today in some countries, Jews are advised not to attract attention with colorful headdresses, especially where anti-Semitic sentiments are strong.
Few people know, but in Russia a kind of a bale was a yarmulke. True, it had some constructive differences, but there were much more similar elements in common. To the popular headdresses of Israel can be attributed kneich - a hat that has wide fields and a longitudinal hall. As a rule, it is made of black felt. Usually this version of hats is worn by Lithuanian Jews. Polish Jews prefer a hat with an unusual name kapelyush: it looks like a kneich, but does not have bends and creases on the crown.