Day of the Russian air force
The air force day is celebrated in Russia on 12 August, but the reason why the celebration falls on that date, not known to many.
The history of military aviation
Despite the fact that the Russian balloonists in 1904-1905, and took part in military actions during the war with Japan, the emergence of military aviation associated with the creation of August 12, 1912 the Aeronautical part of the General staff by the decree of Nicholas II. Thereafter, much attention was paid to the development and technical equipment of military Aeronautics. In 1913 there was a complete separation of aviation from the Aeronautics – thus, was conducted the first reorganization of the military air fleet (WWF) in Russia.
At first, aircraft were used only for reconnaissance and search purposes, but then they started to participate in air combat — the First world war. The fleet consisted of Russia had already 263 of the apparatus. Begun to take shape of bombers, and by the summer of 1916 – and destructive — as certain types of military aircraft. The emergence of long-range aircraft associated with the creation of designer Sikorski multi-engine aircraft "Ilya Muromets" and "Russian Vityaz". This series beat the records for altitude and flight duration, and payload. If in the beginning of the war the forces of VVF was carried out rather auxiliary function in intelligence and communications by the end of hostilities, the fleet formed already as a separate branch.
In 1918 on the basis of the disbanded Imperial VVF was created in the Soviet air force. Then they were called the workers and peasants Red air fleet. Military pilots of that time wrote many heroic pages in the history. So, in 30-e years military pilots first received the title of hero of the Soviet Union for the rescue Chelyuskinites. At this time there is the greatest development and production of military aircraft. But in the first hours of the great Patriotic war was destroyed 1200 airplanes. To restore the fleet had in military terms.
After the war, the aircraft industry has been a qualitative leap: the transition from piston aircraft to jet engines, test which was first held in 1946. Of the air force of the Soviet era definitely was flourishing, having no equal in the world in terms of military equipment.
After disintegration of the USSR air force was divided between Russia and 14 other republics. In the end, Russia got about 65% of staff and 40% of the equipment of the force. From this moment for 10 years, the Russian air force continues to deteriorate: rapidly declining population and technology, and personnel. The total process of modernisation and overhaul of the technology began only in 2009. Then he resumed the funding and continued development in the field of aircraft.
The date for the celebration of air force Day
In the course of history of this holiday, as air force Day, the date was postponed repeatedly. During the Imperial WWF, according to the decree of Nicholas II, the feast of the pilots was on 2 August, the day of St. Elijah. It is clear that after the October revolution, such date could not be the same. 20 years aviation day began to celebrate in July, normally July 14 — the Bastille day. In 1933, the celebration was moved to August 18. It was convenient: in August ended teaching and learning in summer camps.
This lasted until 1972, when the date of the celebration, she had on a week-day, postponed to the third Sunday of August, and so she was floating. Curiously, the pilots of military aircraft in General have long had their professional holiday, was a single holiday for civil and military aviation — Air fleet Day. And own Day of the Russian air force – August 12 – was officially approved by presidential order in 1997. In the same order in 2006, has been amended, the content of which boils down to the fact that although the air force Day is tied to the same date, the celebration and related activities is allowed to organize still a Day of Air fleet of Russia, that is, again, on the third Sunday of August.
Celebrations in the air force Day
First time in the USSR the celebration of the Day of the Air fleet was held in Moscow on 18 August 1933. The focus of the holiday events then became the Central airfield Frunze. Were conducted large-scale air show with the aim of showing the latest aviation technology and showcasing the skills of the pilots.
Somewhat later, namely since 1935, flypast on the Day of the Air fleet traditionally began to take place at the airfield in Tushino. But not necessarily the day of these events was August 18. In bad weather conditions, the festival was postponed or canceled.
Day VF 1947 to the mid 60's continued to organize in Tushino, but usually in July: one weekend there were held flypast. Further aviaparade and review of new models of aircraft were moved to Domodedovo.
Now the air force Day is widely celebrated in many Russian cities. While the exhibitions of military equipment and an air show.
The significance of the feast of the air force for Russia
Once the profession of a pilot, besides military, was extremely romantic and prestigious, and competition it could be is that the profession of an astronaut. It was in Soviet times, but after the demise of the Soviet Union, when there was a significant weakening of the air force, the interest of young people to the profession is also much weaker. To be a war became unprofitable. Since 2000 years, is a revival and modernization of the industry, the feast Day of the air force was required to enhance the profile of aviation as an important component of the country's defense.