Day of the Russian Guard - joy and pride of the Russian people
Here such patriotic heading should begin the story about one of the most bright, but little-known holidays. Annually on the whole territory of the Russian Federation on September 2, the Day of the Russian Guard is traditionally celebrated. The holiday was officially established in 2000 by presidential decree. It was timed to a truly memorable date - the tercentenary of the Russian Guard. What is this type of troops?
In general, the word "guard" from Italian is translated as "protection". In Russia this term is used to refer to the privileged troops. They must be well trained, equipped with the latest military equipment and, of course, be real patriots, ready at the first signal to begin to carry out the assigned tasks. By the way, even in the distant past, the Guard was the core of the army, and specially armed detachments were necessarily under the sovereign, often performing the role of his personal bodyguards. Therefore, the Day of the Russian Guard is not just a date when we remember the true patriots of our country, it is also a time to remember the exploits of the heroes of past epochs.
Not only did the window cut through
By the way, for the first time the Russian guardsmen are mentioned in chronicles in the context of the campaigns of the troops of Peter I. It was he who established the Imperial Guard during the first years of his rule. And it was created from the elite parts of the Semenovsky and Preobrazhensky regiments. Unfortunately, in 1918 the Guard was disbanded. It was revived by the years of the Second World War. In 1941, in the course of persistent battles valiantly fought and distinguished four divisions of riflemen. It was they who were called Guards. This was the order of Joseph Stalin. And in September 1941 the entire Red Army began to wear the proud name of the "guards unit". In the period of bloody battles for the liberation of Soviet cities conquered by the Nazis, such a title was conferred on formations and military associations that distinguished themselves in service. Thus, the day of the Guards of Russia has a rich prehistory. To remember her is to love your country, your fatherland.
It's not soldiers for you.
During the reign of Peter from the children of boyars and courtiers formed a "fun team" (it is her duty and the Day of the Russian Guard), then she became a military unit. To train the fighters invited overseas officers, who were instructed to drill recruits according to Western European military science. Toy muskets were replaced with real combat weapons. And the old poteshki became large-scale exercises. The soldiers were spared neither the forces nor the finances. On the coast of the Yauza, a mini fortress has grown. It worked out skills and techniques of assault, and protection of fortifications. Years later, a detachment consisting of cavalrymen, an artillery team and a small fleet on the Pereyaslavl lake was added to the infantry. By the way, on the Day of the Russian Guard you can see stylized shows that reproduce the first years of the existence of elite military units. Battling cavalry, brave infantry and well-aimed artillery appear in front of the audience in all its glory. Day of the Guard is a real holiday for both children and adults.