Retirement Day: the history of appearance
As the well-known song says: "... a year or two and the youth will pass, suffer a little." At a young age, few people think of the idea that old age is inevitable. I do not want to think about it when the body is full of strength and energy! Life goes unnoticed, like youth. It would Seem, only yesterday got married and already became a grandfather and a grandmother. Today the whole country celebrates the Day of Pensioners every year, but most do not know how it came about.
Where did the holiday come from?
The birthplace of such a "young" holiday as the Day of Older Persons is Scandinavia, from where it almost three decades later came to Europe, then - to America. Only since the late 80s of the last century it is celebrated all over the world, after the holiday was officially established by the UN General Assembly on December 14, 1990. Since then, every year on October 1, International Day of Pensioners is celebrated.
It should be mentioned that his appearance was preceded by the 2 nd World Assembly in 1982. It adopted the Vienna International Plan of Action and the Political Declaration, which were to serve as a kind of signal to the society to reconsider their attitude towards elderly fellow citizens. Among the problems raised, the most topical were services such as maintenance and employment. Moreover, there is a tendency to increase the number of elderly people.
The incomes of representatives of this age group require an increase, and their social security - improvements. Since the average life expectancy of women exceeds the same indicator of the stronger sex, then, naturally, older women are more than older men. Older people still have sufficient potential that can be useful to society, as indicated in one of the paragraphs of the resolution. Insurmountable for now is the difference in the material situation between elderly citizens in the West and in the Russian Federation. Then there was no holiday, and no one knew what day the pensioner was.
Thus, the issue of aging is really given serious attention. And 1991 was remembered by the adoption by the United Nations of a special document entitled "Principles for the Elderly".
Official appearance in Russia
In 1992, the Day of Older Persons began to be officially celebrated on the territory of the Russian Federation. Specifically, this issue was included in the Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Council.
The program for celebrating the Day of the elderly person is very diverse. In addition to concerts and conferences for people of advanced age, congresses are convened, exhibitions and evenings are organized. It does not do without charitable actions, initiators of the conduct, which are usually public organizations and various associations. Every year the day of the pensioner is celebrated. The date of the holiday is October 1.
It has become a tradition on this day in some countries to include in the TV programs films and programs that match the tastes of the perpetrators of the celebration. Especially consistent in this Scandinavians.
Tasks of the holiday
Whatever the case, the aging of the population is observed. The society should not be removed from the existing problems that occur in the elderly. It is necessary to look for ways to solve them, do everything possible to improve their quality of life. The day of pensioners is a weighty occasion to assess the lives of older people. Every day they need help from society. That's just not all are ready to provide this support.
It is common to classify older people as those who have crossed the threshold of retirement age. Women in Russia retire at 55 years, and men - at 60. The proportion of older people in the total population of the country is approximately 20.7 percent. But not everyone knows when the holiday is the Day of Pensioners.
In most cases, people retiring are stressed out. Because in life there are sharp changes. If you had to get ready for work every morning, now you are forgotten, as they say, forgotten. There is no prospect for self-actualization. Plus, there are still significant differences in the amount of pensions and earlier wages.
Undeniable is the fact that old age is a natural process wisely envisioned by nature. But this does not mean at all that with her arrival everything is over, there is nothing else left to do but prepare for a retreat into eternity. It is possible to give a huge number of examples, when people, being in old age, thanks to optimism, a healthy lifestyle and work on themselves, achieved the arrival of the second youth even in 80 years. If a person has aspiration, he will be able to arrange a fully fulfilling life. On the Day of Pensioners it is worth congratulating every elderly member of his family.
Old age is waiting for everyone!
Do not lower your nose, slow down, take too much care and feel sorry for yourself. On the contrary, a person is given the opportunity to realize a lot of ideas, because earlier often there was not enough time.
You need to learn to adapt to change and lead a correct lifestyle. The purpose of the holiday is not only the moral support of the elderly. The younger generation expresses gratitude to them. The life experience and wisdom of those compatriots, who have been behind for several decades, are of great value for the younger generation. The first day of October is celebrated the Day of the Pensioner of Russia.