What is the class? Class of Ancient Russia and Russian Empire
Since time immemorial, between certain people, possessing hereditary rights and duties assigned to government or tradition, there was a class relations of feudalism. Characteristic of them was the hierarchy on the principle of the inequality of their position and privileges. This is the class in Russia is basically the importance of this concept. Other definitions state that a bar is the people, United among themselves by some sign or professional interests.
Now that we know what class, let's follow the social structure in Ancient Russia. Without a doubt, the highest class was the rulers. However, after a certain period of time, this group began to include the clergy. Probably have them ranked as a higher class rank due to their ownership of land (fiefdoms). Squad in Russia also enjoyed certain privileges.
What is a "bar" in the squad
Squad organization had its own hierarchy. That is to say, it was their internal division into "classes". At the very top level of the hierarchy were the elders (the oldest team). It was the boyars. Lower the "bar" was the younger squad. The representatives of this level are called children.
This class included merchants, artisans, and also owners of small estates. The majority of buyers were small traders and rich had the opportunity to trade outside of their own state.
The lower classes of people
To this social class belonged to the free rural population, which was laid under tribute, and free citizens, called the people. Unfortunately, we do not have historical data that would allow us to set the proportion of the lower classes to the whole population.
Unfree servants of gentlemen were called slaves and servants. Among them a special category were the so-called serfs. It is the serfs who, in turn, were divided into three groups:
So, we considered that this class of Ancient Russia. Now let's move to the 19th century and find out what kind of bar was in Imperial Russia.
Estates of the Russian Empire
Class in Russia this time was determined by the laws of the Russian Empire and was divided into four main groups:
The townspeople were divided into subgroups:
In General, this class division was the hallmark of pre-revolutionary Russia and Europe. In our time, formal classes are saved only in the UK, as this country officially proclaimed the monarchy.
As we already know, belonging to a certain social class always governed by heredity. However, there were exceptions! Interestingly, in some cases, to enter a certain class of people (for example, to become a Prince) was for special services or just buy the title for a tidy sum. We discussed what a class and what classes existed in ancient and Imperial Russia.