What is Victory Day? The history of the holiday
War is never expected. The attack always occurs suddenly. And only after will remain behind enough years, through painstaking analysis of past events historians will make a statement about how inevitable was the terrible events. What is the Day of Victory, they know everything. Even those who have not studied the details of previous events, have not delved into the story and not interested in the origin of this holiday. Nevertheless, the ninth of may of each year, since 1945, many countries celebrate this holiday, honor veterans and a festive concert to the victory Day, ending with fireworks. An integral part of the annual celebration is also considered a military parade and laying flowers to the memorials.
The Day Of Victory. The history of the holiday
The ninth of may is the Day of legendary victory over the fascist invaders and the Day of remembrance of soldiers who died in the Great Patriotic war. In 1945, the Soviet army launched an offensive in Central Poland and East Prussia. It was then much closer the victory Day. The history of the holiday began with this moment. It was the month of January. German troops were expelled from the Ruhr region and the Rhine region, Soviet troops advanced to the Elbe river. The thirtieth of April suicide of Hitler. By the time he has survived four assassination attempts. The second of may, occurred the surrender of Berlin. What is Victory Day? This is the date when Germany surrendered to the mercy of the enemy. The act of unconditional surrender was signed on the eighth day of the fifth month 1945, at night. Germany was occupied by the Soviet Union as well as British, French and Americans. Before was the signing of the final act of military surrender in Karlshorst, Joseph Stalin, by placing his signature on the decree, declared the ninth day of the month of may as a holiday, Victory Day.
Some little known facts
Since the surrender of Germany took a long time. As with any historical event in human life, a celebration of the Victory Day has acquired a lot of stories and myths. In addition, many of these stories were set deliberately. For example, a staged photograph of the installation of the red flag over the Reichstag. Many are still plagued by questions. What photos depicting a historical moment, complete with tanks, smoke and fighter planes? After all, who took part of the Victory banner in memory? And why for as much as twenty years, the ninth of may was not celebrated in the calendar as a day off?
Why are there two dates of the great Victory?
We understood what the Day of Victory and where he came from. But why does Europe celebrate this holiday on another day? Although Berlin and fell under the onslaught of Soviet troops on the second of may, all the soldiers of Germany resisted for another week. The final act of military surrender was signed on the night of the ninth of may. And he played the role of the time difference. In that moment, when Russia has already come to the ninth number, in Europe it was still the eighth. That is why the countries of Europe celebrate the eighth of may. This holiday they have is called the Day of reconciliation. On this day we give honor to the victims of Nazism. And if you go to the official facts, it becomes known that, according to them, the Soviet Union was at war with Germany until the twenty-fifth of January, 1955.
Hoisting the red flag over the Reichstag
The first of may 1945 over the Reichstag was set a red flag. It is considered a Victory Banner. There is information that on the roof with flags raised several groups, and one of them had first — unknown. But there is an official version. According to this version, we set the flag Berest, Yegorov and Kantaria. But we know that the photo depicting this moment, in fact, was captured Kovalev, Ismailov and Horychiv. Starred the picture is already on the second of may, after the capture of Berlin, and was later heavily edited. On the negative portrayed the smoke, which was supposed to indicate the ongoing battle. Also one of the soldiers was captured hours which then disappeared from the picture. This was done in order that the troops of the Soviet Union, no one could be accused of looting.
Where did the piece of the banner?
When we celebrated the first Victory Day parade in Moscow was held without the flag. It happened because those who took the Reichstag and hoisted him over his banner, were not strong at drill. And others still decided not to appoint. Therefore, it was decided the flag parade not to make. Later it turned out that someone cut off from the Victory banner strip, which width was at least three inches. Who took part of the flag as a souvenir — not known. One of the versions says it was the work of the gunner, who participated in the storming of the Reichstag.
The first celebration of the Victory
The first Victory Day parade which was held the twenty-fourth day of June, 1945, a little late. He was scheduled for the end of may, but clothing factories were set up to produce for the feast of the ten thousand ceremonial uniforms for the soldiers, didn't meet deadlines. All the soldiers who were chosen for the parade, had the same height and had to train for ten hours a day. Was also planned for the passage of air, but had to be cancelled due to heavy rain. A parade of beetles on a white horse. In his place was supposed to be Stalin but before Stalin fell from his horse and ordered the case to Marshal Zhukov.
In modern life, congratulations on the victory Day in the poems and songs are heard every year from the local scenes of different cities and towns.
Thundering fireworks today in your honor.
You, veterans, we congratulate you on Victory Day!
How cool that this holiday is.
Thank you, our grandmothers and grandfathers!
With dignity you carried a heavy cross
And glorious accolades, undoubtedly deserved.
We wish you many,many years
So about anything and you never grieve!
About this day in Newspapers and broadcast on radio and television. But it was not always so. In the forty-eighth year, was told that they should forget about the last war and to actively engage in rebuilding their country.
And only in nineteen sixty-fifth year, this festival was revived again thanks to Brezhnev. The second parade. The next major military parade was in nineteen eighty-fifth, and then in the nineties. After the collapse of the Soviet Union, the parade started with only ninety-five years, but has since been held annually.
Despite the fact that Victory Day is the ninth day of may one thousand nine hundred and forty-fifth year, the war officially ended only twenty-fifth day of January, one thousand nine hundred and fifty-fifth year.
One of the symbols of the Victory of steel stripes with a St. George ribbon. This ribbon was adopted in the eighteenth year, and was a reward for your valor.
In Europe this holiday is celebrated on the eighth of may, and in America — second of September, the day when he beat Japan.
Since nineteen hundred and forty-eighth to sixty-fifth, the ninth of may was not considered a day off.
The last parade of veterans, which was conducted on foot, in the city of Moscow was held in the year two thousand.
In two thousand and eight year for the first time in Moscow Victory Parade was attended by heavy machinery.
This article was a bit unclear, what is the Day of Victory and where he came from. As well as shed light on some interesting historical facts that have had wide publicity. The celebration with warmth and sadness is celebrated annually in many countries. And the memory of that day still passed from generation to generation, despite the large number of years.