Bull Terrier: the nature, description, care and training methods
The bull Terrier is a breed about which we can say that she suffered black PR. Stupidity, malice and aggressiveness – these are the characteristics that, according to the townsfolk inherent in these dogs. People forget that even a lapdog can be dangerous if not raised or deliberately spoil the psyche. What can we say about such strong and courageous as a bull Terrier! Nature reviews, which in most cases very negative, the dogs of this breed are not bad. Sad story, that was gay when the media show only that the Terriers fell into the wrong hands, that the owners were not ready for the company of such strong-willed dogs and they had no idea how to raise such a pet (or just didn't want to do it).
The history of the breed
She defined the appearance and psychological characteristics, which are gained as a result, the Terrier: his character is fully consistent with the task, which was to execute these dogs. The impetus for breeding has served a ban in 1835 on dog fights with bulls. Gambling the British began to look for a replacement spectacle and display individuals for pure dog fighting, because the bulldogs with blunt snouts that were used for baiting bulls, was not too convincing in the fight with their own kind. So they began to interbreed with members of other species. The main contribution to the breeding of the bull Terrier made of different Terriers, including the Fox. But "mark" of the breed and pointer, Dalmatian, Foxhound, and even, presumably, the smooth collie, whose profile is useful to obtain a smooth transition from skull to muzzle. The result of this breeding was the modern bull Terrier. Nature, however, it is mainly inherited from the bulldogs, who are courage and perseverance.
Bull Terrier: description of breed character
He treats dogs medium size: average weight is 25 pounds, height – from 40 centimeters (females) to 55 (the maximum in males). Figure powerful, the musculature is very well expressed. For all its outward massiveness bull Terrier dexterous, mobile and nimble. Has good jumping ability. The coat color can be pure white, and in color. The first is considered preferable, in this case, allowed the spots only on the head. In second place is tiger, but other colors are not considered a fault or a marriage.
In psychological terms the dog must be Mature, active, but not angry. Bull Terrier whose character is instability or nervousness, even to the exhibitions is not allowed: it is believed that it is either an error of the host in the rearing or culling of the breed.
Those who looks like the Terrier, the nature of the rocks must necessarily be taken into account. Don't forget that it's a dog-Gladiator. Importantly, the bull Terrier is by nature a dominant personality, and if you don't put him in his place, to respect and obey it you will not. Moreover, representatives of this breed require a kind of socialization. Because they were bred for dog fighting, to fight with other dogs bull Terriers are always ready. And if you don't want the regular problems with other "dog lovers" your pet from puppyhood need to teach tolerance and courtesy towards fellow tribesmen.
But the dog itself is tender and loving
The temperament of the breed
When the house is a bull Terrier, the character is not the only thing that should be considered. This dog is still very agile and energetic. Lazy and maloorlivka person to make it is not: the lack of movement in the animal awakens the worst traits, up to aggression. At least a half hour a day bull Terrier should be on the table, and in running, jumping and other active movements. The owner will have to contribute to this, because alone the dog "fun" not interested. Experienced samakovlis buy tennis balls and play with their pet, not to search every time stick.
Training a dog
Does not mean dog training commands, or preparing it for exhibition. This is education, such as raising children. And it must start from the first minute of the puppy in your apartment. Bull Terriers are smart and trained, but stubborn. To explain dog behavior rules, you will need persistence and patience. And peace of mind! From the point of view of this breed, Creek and nervousness is a sign of weakness, that is something that does not accept any English or Staffordshire bull Terrier. The character shown you in the first months of life your new family member will provide you with his side's respect for life.
At a young age, starts and socialization of the dog. In the first time will have to walk more to teach the pet to tolerate other dogs and to behave on the street.
Training a bull Terrier
It starts a little later than education, but to postpone the first lessons for a long time is not necessary. When the puppy is six to eight months, you can begin. If you are going to train the dog for protection, enough to teach her only the most necessary commands: "next", "no" (or "fu"), "me", "fetch" and "give me" all these signals will greatly facilitate the walking of the animal. "Place", "lie", "sit" is very useful to restrain the animal at home or away. Additionally, under the guidance of the instructor need to teach the dog not to take food from strangers, not to pick up the leftovers on the street and accurately respond to sudden movements of passers-by.
If you need a guard-bull Terrier, the nature of the additional training will outline the instructor, taking into account your wishes and personal characteristics of the dog.
Where and how can I keep the bull Terrier
Taking home the dog, it is necessary to note that her coat is short. The year-round maintenance in the yard she does not fit. In addition to the winter cold, the dog does not tolerate too bright a sun. You can say it is home breed. The apartment is the bull Terrier like any other dog, is allocated, which is selected based on the characteristics of the breed – not only away from drafts and radiators, because overheating it can get cold, even without going outside. To sleep he needs soft bedding. But you can not take into account the size of your living space: regular long walks, the dog will feel comfortable even in a small "Khrushchev".
The rules of caring for a pet
The short coat of the bull Terrier has both pluses and minuses. On the one hand, for walks in the cold, you will have to buy dog jumpsuit. On the other – to care for wool is not required: it is enough once a week to brush with a soft brush (like clothes) to the smaller molted in the apartment. In dirty weather to clean up after a street dog is not necessary – better to wipe with a soft damp cloth.
As for the food, the dog of this breed has no problems with digestion and can eat as any food (dry and wet), or independently prepared for her food. The only thing you should pay attention to is the appropriateness of the level of servings the needs of a bull Terrier. When overfeeding these dogs often suffer from obesity.
What hurts the bull Terrier
The breed has a strong health and good immunity. Relatively common diseases are mostly hereditary or congenital in nature. These include:
- displacement or deformation of the lens.
However, to exclude these diseases from your pet is quite simple: when buying a puppy is to ask the existence of such problems from his ancestors. Good breeders discarded dogs with such defects, so when you contact the nursery you will protect yourself from purchasing an animal with congenital diseases.
As a result, in addition to the aforementioned obesity, there are problems with the heart and skin. However, provided the basic rules of maintenance for the Terriers (quality walks, thoughtful food and care), the risk to deal with them falls to zero.
The miniature bull Terrier
On this branch of the breed I would like to dwell separately. Despite their small size, mini bull Terrier character has the same grave as his larger relatives. So do not expect an easy "victory" over the stubbornness of the animal. In addition, a bull trained much harder than the specimens of traditional sizes. So, buying the right puppy, do not treat it how to acquire the plush toys – a dog is not for the faint of heart.
Let dog lovers will appreciate how sweet may be the bull Terrier (photo). His character is strong-willed and stubborn — does not prevent the dog to be a good friend and a cheerful companion.