Bifidobacteria for newborns: reviews, prices and applications
The most important thing for every mother is the health of her child. If the baby does not hurt, he becomes cheerful and cheerful, develops well, eats with appetite. Unfortunately, sometimes even a newborn child, who is not yet a month old, begins to behave restlessly and show signs of malaise. Turning to a doctor, parents find out that the reason for their baby's poor health is a lack of bifidobacteria in his digestive tract.
The microflora of the intestine of a newborn child
According to studies of specialists, a child is born with an absolutely sterile intestine. From the first hours of the baby's life, a different microflora begins to appear in it. If the child's health is in order, he is breastfed and protected from infection by various intestinal infections, then the digestive tract of the baby inhabits certain types of bifidobacteria.
Bifidobacteria are Gram-positive bacilli with a curved shape. They are present in different amounts in the digestive tract of nursing infants, older children, adults. In this case, not only the number of microorganisms differs, but also their species composition. Bifidobacteria for newborns are needed much more than for an adult, in the gastrointestinal tract which is dominated by lactobacilli. At the same time, there are different types of microorganisms in infants feeding on breast milk and children who are on artificial feeding. Even the best milk formulas cause the growth of microflora in the intestine of the baby, similar to bifidobacteria that inhabit the adult body.
Influence of bifidobacteria on the child's organism
Bifidobacteria for children are very important. They improve the process of absorption of nutrients that come with food in the baby's gastrointestinal tract. These beneficial microorganisms transform the structure of proteins, fats and carbohydrates, ensuring the digestion of food. Positively affect bifidobacteria and peristalsis of the intestine. Optimal reduction of his muscles leads to a timely release from undigested food residues.
The role of a fighter with pathogenic microorganisms, causing various intestinal diseases, also plays bifidobacteria. For newborns this is very important, because their immune system is still weak enough and often can not cope even with a small number of harmful microbes.
Bifidobacteria are important for the maintenance of a normal metabolic process. They produce lactic acid, which is necessary for the complete assimilation by the body of iron, calcium, vitamin D. These substances are extremely necessary for the full physical and mental development of the baby, strengthening his immunity. In the exchange of bilirubin, bifidobacteria also participate. For children, it is very useful, because their pancreas because of age characteristics does not work as stable as in an adult.
Bifidobacteria possess antimutagenic properties, which are the basis for the prevention of cancer. These beneficial microorganisms can also neutralize the action of carcinogens.
Causes of dysbiosis
In children, dysbacteriosis develops quite often. The risk group includes, in the first place, babies who are on artificial feeding and receive other types of bifidobacteria. For newborns, it is very important, at least for the first time, to feed on the mother's milk, which contains all the necessary substances that ensure the growth of normal microflora.
Dysbacteriosis can develop due to severe intestinal infections. With some pathogenic microorganisms, useful bifidobacteria can cope on their own, but if there are too many of them or they are related to pathogens of dangerous diseases, additional treatment is required.
Some medicines, mainly antibiotics, also suppress beneficial microflora, killing not only pathogenic microorganisms, but also useful bifidobacteria.
The negative impact on the state of the microflora of the gastrointestinal tract of children has an early start of complementary feeding without first discussing it with the pediatrician.
Consequences of dysbiosis
Depending on the degree of dysbiosis and the age of the child, its manifestations may be different. They include:
1. Problems with stool. Babies may have constipation, diarrhea, in feces you can see undigested white lumps of food and mucus.
2. Abdominal pain, increased gas production. The optimal peristalsis of the intestine is largely provided by bifidobacteria. For newborns this is very important, because the delay of fecal masses leads to painful sensations, colic and bloating.
3. With prolonged dysbiosis, there is a decrease in appetite in a child, he does not gain much weight.
4. Decreased immunity - a frequent companion of dysbiosis. And the child is at risk of getting not only intestinal infections, but also acute respiratory diseases.
Treatment of dysbiosis
If the child has signs characteristic of dysbiosis, you need to see a doctor. It is not necessary without his recommendations to give the baby bifidobacteria for newborns, the reviews about which turned out to be the best. The pediatrician will conduct the necessary examinations to accurately diagnose. Often under the mask of dysbiosis, there are much more serious diseases, such as severe intestinal infections, allergies, abnormalities in the structure of the digestive system.
If the dysbacteriosis is really confirmed, the doctor will prescribe the child special preparations that normalize the intestinal microflora. He will also give the baby's parents advice on the proper nutrition that the child should adhere to.
If you fulfill all the doctor's prescriptions and choose the drug, the most suitable baby, then the effectiveness of treatment will be high.
All drugs that normalize the microflora can be divided into probiotics and prebiotics. Prebiotics are carbohydrates that are not digested by the body, but serve as a medium for the growth of beneficial bacteria. Probiotics are lacto- and bifidobacteria that are presented in the preparation themselves or are included in some other product.
Of all the preparations containing the most suitable bifidobacteria for newborns, the price of which is available to almost all parents, the most commonly prescribed drugs are Bifidumbacterin, Linex. Their cost ranges from 200 to 500 rubles, depending on the dosage of the medicine, the availability of additional components, for example activated carbon, the number of capsules in the package. These drugs are effective and convenient to use. Preparations are usually mixed with milk formula, complementary foods, water. For the remedy to remain effective, it is important to follow the storage instructions given in the drug instructions. Preparations with bifidobacteria are usually stored in the refrigerator.
Drugs with a more effective effect, which are prescribed as concomitant with essential medicines in the fight against intestinal infections, are bacteriophages. These medicines are produced in liquid form and have large concentrations of various bifidobacteria, designed to neutralize certain types of pathogenic microorganisms. Their cost is higher than that of simpler drugs, it is within 500-1000 rubles.
Food products with bifidobacteria
In addition to special medicines, which are based on beneficial microorganisms, there are also ordinary food products with their addition. Children's mixture with bifidobacteria will help restore the normal microflora to the baby, who needed to switch to artificial feeding.
Enriched with bifidobacteria are also baby porridges and yogurts. That the presence of these microorganisms in the product was the maximum, it is necessary to focus on its shelf life. By the time of its termination in food there will be the least quantity of bifidobacteria.