Baby box — what is it and does program women
Baby box — what is it really? It is difficult to understand, does this method of child abandonment a chance to save their life, or it provokes women to get rid of the child. Baby box — what it is: the window of life, the cradle of salvation? In all countries it is called differently. If he can lead to the fact that mothers will provoke to abandon children to offer them to other families?
The story goes back to Germany. There are baby boxes exist for a very long time. Earlier it was decided to give the baby to Church or to the shelter where he received care and education. Keep statistics on abandoned children began after the XIX century. This gave the impetus for establishing a baby box. What it is for the countries of the world, it is still unclear, because in some child abandonment a criminal offense. There is no consensus on the need for such a method, but is often the only chance of survival for newborns, do not need their mothers, who disappeared children in horrific ways. Each baby box, a photo of which we can see in many Newspapers and online publications, it looks comfortable enough for a child, but is it really difficult to say.
The principle of operation
It looks like a small kiosk, which is inside equipped with everything necessary for a short stay of the baby. The woman opens a small window and puts the newborn in a cloth cradle. After the door closed, you can think a bit. Thirty seconds is enough for mothers to change their minds and take the child. If a woman changes his mind, the door at the end of time will not open. The signal is fed automatically to a medical facility with specialists that will come soon and take the baby for inspection, and then sends it to the orphanage. In the box everything is provided for the normal residence of a child: the optimum temperature and oxygen supply. The cradle is fixed so that the baby fell from it.
This system is created to ensure that women did not throw children on the street and in trash cans. Baby box — what is it for heartless mothers? This is a chance to anonymously give up the baby, giving him hope for life. Leaving the baby in the box, the woman cannot be held criminally liable and automatically deprived of motherhood. There's only one exception: the child should be no signs of physical abuse. Leaving a newborn in a specially equipped container according to the law deprives a woman of all rights.
Baby-boxes in Russia
They first appeared in Perm. In 2011 was installed the first baby box. What's this, the Russian city was not clear. A group of senators he was legalized. This gave an opportunity for women to anonymously abandon newborns. Most often the idea is supported by religious organizations, the Church, where the boxes are installed.
Today the system works in many countries. B aby boxes have been installed in Russia in several cities and regions in the amount of 22 pieces. Official statistics in the figures for abandoned children, sorry, no. So just to talk about the effectiveness of the method impossible. However, it is possible to consider that the number of criminal cases on abandoned children decreased significantly.
The Russian government believes that this project needs serious revision. Offers even completely prohibit the installation of baby-boxes in Russian cities, as there is a perception that they provoke women to the abandonment of children. We should not encourage the actions of these mothers, regardless of their life situation. For the creation of baby-boxes is planned to introduce administrative responsibility in the form of fines.
The pros and cons of the program
Help really baby-boxes? For and against expressed by many people. But do they understand the essence and importance of the program, is unknown.
- Each box is complemented by an information stand of the written appeal to women, urging to change the decision, as well as support services telephone numbers in difficult situations.
- Hospital help every mother that is drawn. Doctors and psychologists.
- Fewer cases in which children thrown into the streets immediately after birth.
- Anonymous abandonment of a child makes the process easier.
- Sometimes it happens that the box provokes women who find themselves in difficult life situations, to abandon the newborn.
- The procedure for the return of the child is available only after the DNA test may be delayed for a long time.
- No control from the state for leaving in the pits children.
- Rude people leave in the pits the debris and kittens.
In a situation when a woman abandons her child, not to take sides. The state ban boxes clear for the objective reasons of the lack of control. But when you consider that the child is a living being that cannot be thrown out, such program could be the perfect solution.