African hedgehog: reviews, photos, and content
Pets for a person at all times were close friends. Someone who likes cats or dogs, hamsters or birds. But there are people who prefer to keep at home exotic animals, which include African pygmy hedgehog. This hybrid breed was created specifically so that the animal can be kept at home. Just need to clarify that these hedgehogs can not be released into nature because they can't survive on their own.
Gentle creature of small size with soft needles is an African hedgehog. Photos of funny animals just touches. Most of them are very outgoing and quickly become attached to people. To live in a pair of them is not necessary as the presence of a number of specimens of their kind, they almost do not need. Moreover, to put two animals in one house is not recommended, because they can fight among themselves.
Growing up, adults have a weight of 350-500 g and length of 20 cm They differ from the wild hedgehogs are not only for those that can't live in nature but in appearance, character, behavior and needs. Another distinctive feature is the fact that they don't curl up into a ball and have a white belly.
These animals were bred by European breeders in 1995 and was called "African pygmy hedgehogs". How old are these creatures? On average, about 5 years. The life of the animal may last approximately 2 years, under the condition that they comply strictly with all recommendations of the breeder for their content.
Like other animals, every African hedgehog have their own individuality. Each of the animals special character and manner of communication. For example, some prefer solitude, while others get easily attached to people. If, however, the hedgehog is not very sociable, you should try to gain his location. They love to be petted and caressed.
Going to the pet store or nursery, you should choose the animal that willingly goes on the arms so as to tame it yourself is very problematic. Usually hedgehogs are a peaceful and gentle creatures, but among them sometimes and rather capricious nature. They can try to escape, starts to sniff or bite.
Unusual pet, African hedgehog, the price of which varies from 4,500 to 5,000 rubles, will bring to your home a lot of warmth, comfort and good mood.
Typically, new home, smells and surroundings are kind of stressful for the animal. You need to give him time to adapt to an unfamiliar environment. And this hedgehog needs to rest.
Not worth it in the first day long to keep it on hand or trying to stir. To pull him out of the cage only for a few minutes, and then allowed back. The adaptation period may take about a week.
How to choose a location for the cage
The African hedgehog is a nocturnal animal and its peak falls on this time of day. In order to avoid interference with the rest, should find a place for the cage, which will be at a sufficient distance from the bedroom.
Before you bring a hedgehog into the house in advance to determine the venue where it will be his house. The place must be comfortable, otherwise the animal may get sick and even die.
It is strongly recommended not to place the cage on the windowsill. Direct sunlight is harmful, because the hedgehog can get heat stroke. In the cold time of the year when drafts colds if Windows are not sealed.
The choice of house
Before buying the animal, you must care about where he will live. As the house can serve as a cage for rabbits, as well as glass or plastic terrarium. The size of the bottom shall be not less than 60 X 60 cm House need to close the top, otherwise the hedgehog will run away. If you want to open, then the walls of the future dwelling should have a sufficiently slippery surface, and their height to be more than 30 cm.
You want the bottom of the house was solid. Is strictly prohibited floor consisting of rods, as the little hedgehog legs are all the time cling to them. The distance between the bars should be negligible. Given the size of the animal as a child, he can easily escape or get stuck between them.
Toilet for the hedgehog to throw in a box filled with sawdust. This animal is very clean. He goes to the bathroom only in a specially designated place. The filler will fit birch or aspen shavings, but cedar cannot be used. The essential oil present in its wood, has a negative impact on animal health. To fit toilet and paper flakes, often used for cat litter.
Clean the house, you must not less than 1 time a week. Used for this detergent should not contain any aggressive components.
African hedgehog, photo of which are presented in this article, is very fond of different toys. He often acquire objects, what cats play with. Ideal – sounding plastic ball.
Since animals like to eat and often overeat, and in addition also conduct active enough way of life, they are in dire need of exercise. To this end, in a cage place a special wheel used for running. Devices are different, but you need to choose such a product, the surface which is solid without rungs. Wheel diameter must be at least 30 cm.
Not to say that the African hedgehog loves to sleep. His light day can range from 12 to 14 hours, and it does not depend on the time of year. In winter, when darker very early, you will need to turn the light on in the house.
As you know, the African pygmy hedgehog is derived specifically for content in the home and in the wild, it simply does not exist. That is why they require more attention than other types of that animal. To create the most favorable conditions for the life of the hedgehog, the room temperature should be comfortable: the day to be about 22-25⁰ C and night – 2-5 degrees below.
At lower temperatures, the animals hibernate. The solution to this situation would be to use a special heating Mat. It is placed under the bottom of the house.
Walking around the apartment
As mentioned above, for hedgehogs it is necessary to equip special houses in which they live comfortably. But sometimes you can release them a little around the apartment. At this time, you cannot miss them. They run fast and can drop under some furniture and hide. Then they will be pretty hard to find.
In addition, under the furniture is always going to have dust, but it is very harmful for the health of the animal, as it can breathe. Also the animal is not insured from receiving any injuries. In order not to endanger it, you need to be alert at all times.
Walking in the street
Like all living creatures, African hedgehogs, the contents of which are quite burdensome for his master, too, need the fresh air. If it's a warm fine day, but without the stuffiness and the exhausting heat, you can walk with the animal.
It should be remembered that they are very nimble and can run on the grass and eat earthworm or any insect. This should not be allowed in any case. The fact that eating a worm, hedgehogs can get sick of the capillaries. Street insects only hurt. You should give your pet only those that have been grown artificially. In addition, in the grass have very different microbes, which you should protect your pet.
Despite the fact that decorative hedgehogs African – endlessly cute and charming, however, is to limit the communication of young children with these animals. The fact is that animals can be frightened screams or careless handling of them and bite the baby. In addition, their needles are too unsafe and they can get hurt.
You should pay special attention to the feeding bowl and drinking. Both containers must be roomy, stable and quite heavy so that the hedgehog has not turned them. Perfect ceramic bowls for food. Their height should not exceed 5 cm and a diameter of 8-15 cm is Very easy are the nipple waterers, but, unfortunately, not all hedgehogs know how to use them.
Do not need to particularly think about what eats African hedgehog. For him, the perfect cat food premium. It is natural, do not contain any flavors or other harmful additives. Also you must make sure that the feed was not starchy ingredients like corn or potatoes.
Since cat food is largely multimaterial, well, if it will have meat-based. It can be chicken, beef or Turkey. But do not forget about fruits and vegetables.
In addition to meat and vegetable products, sometimes you need to indulge hedgehogs and unusual Goodies such as crickets, grasshoppers and zoofobus.
African hedgehogs, the content of which still requires some knowledge, quite unpretentious. The most important that their diet should consist exclusively of natural products that do not contain any harmful additives and impurities as the health and wellbeing of the pet can be violated.
Following are the products that are bad for the hedgehogs. First and foremost, the animal is not lactose intolerant. That is why all dairy products from you want to exclude from their diet. Various dried fruits and raisins usually stick to the roof and get stuck in the teeth of the animal. You can't give them avocados, as there are cases when the urchins were etched with this fruit. Pineapple is also included in the list of prohibited products. It has acid, which corrodes the delicate oral cavity of the animal. For the same reason it is impossible to give hedgehogs onion, garlic and citrus.
As for the nuts, their shells can injure the animal and ruin his teeth. Also, do not give him fast food, crisps and chocolate. And the cedar oil and tea tree do you need to keep away from them because even their smell can be dangerous for the animal.
The African hedgehog, which reviews demonstrate that contain them quite easy and pleasant will become a favorite, not only for children but also for the whole family.