A drawing lesson in the older group
In the kindergarten, among others, special classes are devoted to the development of artistic abilities in children. The drawing class in the senior group of the kindergarten is held 2-3 times a week. It is built in such a way as to develop the necessary skills and improve the child's ability to visual arts. This article is aimed at parents and teachers who work with children from five to six years.
At this age the child can not be called very small, he already has the skills to create simple drawings, skills that should be further developed and improved. The child in itself is important to be able to express his feelings and experiences on paper. For this purpose, psychologists and teachers often use drawing. Occupation in the older group should be based on interest, because at this age, the leading activity in children is a story-role game.
The child is given the task: paint the images of ladybirds in such a way that there are not two identical colors nearby. The number of pictures should be more than the colors necessary for coloring. Each child can paint an unlimited number of drawings, but usually enough to preserve interest, paint 3-4 images.
The art of drawing in the senior group must necessarily be purposeful and well organized: the teacher prior to the beginning of the work instructs the children, gives a clear task, answers questions in case of need. At the same time, you should avoid unnecessary regulation in the approach to the lesson: remember that before you are not office workers, but children who want to fantasize, play, invent their own stories. In order to make the activity as interesting as possible, it is necessary to diversify it with fascinating stories, to enable the child to come up with his own fairy tale. For example, in the course of coloring, you can give an assignment to invent a name for each lady's cow, designate verbally how it differs from others, what its character is, whether there is a dream. If possible, the child will compose his own story, which will accompany the visual activity.
House for a hare
First, we collect a group of children together and tell any interesting story about the hare. It can be either a well-known Russian folk tale, or a new story invented personally by a tutor or parent. Children are given the task: to draw a house for a hare. At the same time it is clear that every child will have his own house. Clear criteria to put it is not necessary: let the children themselves fantasize and represent. In the end, ask each child to voice his answer, to say the main points: why, in his opinion, the hare needs just such a house. The drawing class in the older group brings a tangible benefit: it develops the fine motor skills of the fingers, teaches assiduity, organization, discipline.
«The Magic Tree»
It can be called a tree of desires, because it fulfills big and small dreams. Children need to give the right installation: draw a tree that, according to your ideas, would have magical properties - embodied dreams. You will see how diverse are the drawings of children: some will draw a "money" tree, bringing a high income, others will happily make a drawing that embodies the joy and happiness of disinterested communication with loved ones. As a result of this exercise, you can identify the level of prevailing values in children.
It's no secret that each of us has his own idea of the fall as the time of the year. But still there are common criteria, signs, by which we can determine that the summer is over.
The painting class in the senior group on "Autumn" should necessarily be aimed at developing creative abilities, as well as individual perception of the world picture. Ask the children to write on paper how they understand the time of the year. What happens in autumn? When the creative process of drawing is completed, let everyone present share their experience, tell what he painted in the picture. The painting class in the senior group on the theme "Autumn" is focused on the development of imagination, creative thinking, children's talents and abilities for fine art.
Many mysteries, beliefs and freethinking adventures have always been associated with this mysterious time of the year. In winter New Year comes, Father Frost gives children the coveted gifts. When organizing an activity, ask the children about what they associate with the winter. Maybe with skiing, sledding, skating. A drawing class in the older group on the topic "Winter" can be constructed in various ways: to suggest creating your own vision of a snow-covered space or to ask the children a specific direction: to draw a hill, drifts, a Christmas tree, a New Year's holiday.
Of course, it's better to leave room for children's imagination. The flight of thought stimulates the development of the creative principle. Let the child draw what he wants, reflect on his own unique perception of reality.
With the advent of spring, everything in nature comes to life: flowers, trees, and grass. Birds start to chirp, the air is filled with a fragrant scent. Children very subtly notice the details of the environment and are able to appreciate the present moment of life. The painting class in the senior group on "Spring" should be built in such a way that the children were interested and they had the opportunity to reveal their creative abilities. Ask them to draw the signs of spring and do not say what is happening in nature at this time of year. Such approach will allow the child to think a little, to involve imagination and imagination, to be convinced of the correctness of the representations or to expand knowledge about the world around.
Thus, the painting class in the older group is an integral part of the upbringing and development of children. Admittedly, the age of five to six years is very difficult and significant: it is at this time that the child begins to try his hand more or less consciously in different directions, but the game still remains the leading activity. The task of parents and teachers is to create suitable conditions for harmonious development, to contribute to the expansion of the horizons and possibilities of the child.