Youth is what is it?
In all dictionaries, the definition of youth is reduced to one general concept. Youth is a certain age gap when a person grows up, moving from childhood to adulthood. What is inherent in this age period, we will understand in more detail.
Definition of youth
Youth is a transition to an adult, independent life. Psychologists distinguish the boundaries of early adolescence, that is, the senior school age, from 15 to 18 years, and later - from 18 to 23 years. When the youthful period ends, the physical development of the organism as a whole is already completed. Psychological criteria of this stage - the development of self-awareness, self-determination in the profession, the transition to adulthood.
In the period of early adolescence, professional interests are established, the need for work, activity in society, plans for life are built. Childhood and adolescence in the development of the individual are in the neighborhood, but the gradual transition from one stage to another makes teenagers more independent of adults, they are trying to assert themselves in society. In the team, in addition to general communication, at this age there is a growing need for establishing closer personal relationships and attachments.
Forms in youth and moral consciousness, certain life orientations, ideals, outlook, and civic qualities are developed. Complex, responsible tasks in adverse social and social conditions often lead to psychological conflicts both with parents and with society as a whole. There may be deviations in behavior in both boys and girls.
Early youth. Features
When moving to a time of early adolescence, the range of social roles available to a person is expanded, which are associated with a certain vital activity. It is at this age that a number of significant social events occur, such as obtaining a passport, the possibility of marriage, responsibility for criminal acts, and suffrage.
In a youth it is already necessary to decide, to be defined with a choice of a trade, to build the further plans on a life. Close encirclement and society begins to press on, hurry with the choice of profession. To a young man could not get confused in this difficult task, he needs help. Self-determination in this choice is the main new formation, the acquisition of a youthful personality.
The main feature of early youth is the construction of life plans. The young man is already beginning to look from the point of view of the future. He builds plans, prospects, but only when he reaches his late youth, he will be able to start implementing them.
Psychological features of late adolescence
The late youth, whose years fall to the age of 18 years, the main task is self-determination and establishment in the profession. This is a multistage and multidimensional process. It is important at this time to highlight the tasks of society, to form an individual lifestyle, where the profession will be one of the main parts. Self-determination in the profession is a whole series of tasks set before the individual by society. Solve them need to consistently in a certain set period of time. Decisions need to be phased in, keeping a balance between personal inclinations and the preferences, needs and requirements of society.
In the period of late adolescence, already established psychological attitudes create the opportunity to make real decisions, fully answer for their activities and take responsibility for others.
Social motives, the main issues of youth
Youth is a period of life when a person has certain motives that characterize his activity. The youth is full of energy, bright hopes for the future, therefore it is guided by such factors as:
- Conviction of the need for continuous development, that is, continuing education.
- Self-determination in the profession is a necessary preparation for further independent life.
- Self-motivation is the desire to benefit society.
Youth is characterized by a mass of vital questions, the main ones are:
- The choice of the future field of activity. It connects with the abilities, priority knowledge already acquired in one or another field.
- Values in life that are determined by social consciousness.
- Interpersonal relationships.
- Social activity, which manifests itself in participation in any events.
- Formed worldview on fundamental issues.
- Scope of interests and vital needs, which lead to the expansion of material needs.
- Search for a place in society.
- The search for an answer to the question of the meaning of life, and also the purpose of man.
Youth is the life stage when we have to face professional self-determination. Psychologists divide it into 4 stages:
- In childhood, during the game, the child loses those or other elements of a profession.
- In adolescence, children fantasize and see themselves in this or that image (profession).
- In adolescence, a preliminary choice of profession is already beginning. Here comes the sorting, the evaluation of a particular activity first in terms of interests, then the abilities of the student himself, after all, relying on the value system.
- The result - the choice of the profession, the decision-making for specific actions (admission to a particular institution).
Recommendations for adults
The essence of youth in maximalism, therefore, it is necessary to take into account those factors that influenced the choice of the profession, objective and subjective conditions: social and financial situation, level of claims and information, education of parents. It is worth noting that many adolescents tend to achieve a higher position than members of their family. An interesting fact is that for many applicants, the education of parents seems more important than their material well-being.
When choosing a profession, often young people are guided by the opinion of society, attracts their elitism, the prestige of the profession. But at the same time they must take into account that the competition in this field of activity will be much higher. To achieve the goals here you will have to show all your strong personal qualities.
If the student has no specific interests, then with the choice of profession, difficulties may arise. It happens and vice versa, choosing a specialty already in childhood, the future entrant does not want to listen to any alternatives anymore. What to do? The one and the other case requires competent pedagogical correction, a wise approach on the part of parents. Throughout his studies, it was necessary to expand the horizon of the child, to introduce him to a variety of specialties, to talk about different types of activities. In the second case, the young man needs to explain the expediency of the reserve option, so that in the future he does not face disappointment.
Friendship and Love
The road of youth necessarily passes through such feelings as friendship and love. Most often fall in love with girls aged 16-18 years, less often than boys 12-15 years old, this was shown by the research poll.
There is love in youth due to several factors. This is the sexual maturation, and the desire to have a close person who can open the most secret secrets, and the need for emotional attachment, because the sense of loneliness is especially acute in the youth period.
In youthful interpersonal relations, friendship and love are simply inseparable. One often grows into another. Girls and boys are active in search of partners, intimate contacts. They just can not be alone for long. Sometimes older students are so absorbed in such relationships that they forget about other aspects of life. In a tactful, confidential form, adults should help "come down from heaven", point out other life values.