Youth is what it is
In all dictionaries, the definition of youth is reduced to one general concept. Youth is a certain age gap when a person grows up, his transition from childhood to adulthood. What is inherent in this age period, let's look in more detail.
Definition of youth
Youth is a transition to an adult independent life. Psychologists distinguish the boundaries of early adolescence, that is, of senior school age, from 15 to 18 years, and later - from 18 to 23 years. When the adolescent period is over, the physical development of the organism as a whole is over. Psychological criteria of this stage are the development of self-awareness, self-determination in the profession, the transition to adult life.
In the period of early youth, professional interests are established, the need for work, activity in society, life plans are made. Childhood and adolescence in the development of the individual are in the neighborhood, but the gradual transition from one stage to another makes adolescents more independent from adults, they are trying to assert themselves in society. In a team, in addition to general communication, at this age there is a growing need for establishing closer individual relationships and affections.
Formed in youth and moral consciousness, develops certain life orientations, ideals, worldview, civic qualities. Difficult, responsible tasks in adverse social and social conditions often lead to psychological conflicts with both parents and society as a whole. Deviations in the behavior of both boys and girls can occur.
Early adolescence. Special features
During the transition to the period of early adolescence, the range of social roles available to a person, which are associated with a certain vital activity, expands. It is at this age that a number of significant social events take place, such as obtaining a passport, the possibility of marriage, responsibility for criminal acts, electoral right.
In his youth, it is already necessary to decide, decide on the choice of a profession, make further plans for life. Close entourage and society begins to press, rush to the choice of profession. So that the young man could not get lost in this difficult task, he needs help. Self-determination in this choice is the main neoplasm, the acquisition of a youthful person.
The main feature of early youth is the construction of life plans. The young man is already beginning to look at the present from the point of view of the future. He makes plans, prospects, but only after reaching late adolescence, he can begin to realize them.
Psychological features of late adolescence
Late adolescence, the years of which fall on the age of 18 years, sets self-determination and establishment in the profession as the main task. This is a multi-step and multi-dimensional process. It is important at this time to highlight the tasks of society, to form an individual lifestyle, where the profession will be one of the main parts. Self-determination in a profession is a whole series of tasks set before a person by society. They must be solved sequentially in a certain fixed period of time. Decisions need to be made in stages, keeping a balance between personal inclinations and preferences, needs and requirements of society.
In the period of late adolescence, already formed stable psychological attitudes make it possible to make real decisions, be fully responsible for their activities and take responsibility for others.
Social motives, the main issues of youth
Youth is a period of life when a person has certain motives characterizing his activity. The youth is full of energy, bright hopes for the future, therefore it is guided by such factors as:
- The conviction of the need for continuous development, that is, continuing education.
- Self-determination in the profession is a necessary preparation for further independent living.
- Self-motivation - the desire to benefit society.
Youth is characterized by a mass of vital issues, the main ones include the following:
- Choosing a future line of business. Associated with abilities, priority knowledge already acquired in a particular area.
- Values in life, which are determined by public consciousness.
- Interpersonal relationships.
- Social activity, which is manifested in the participation in any events.
- Formed worldview on fundamental issues.
- Sphere of interest and life demands that lead to the expansion of material needs.
- Search for a place in society.
- Search for an answer to the question about the meaning of life, as well as the purpose of a person.
Youth is a life stage when you have to deal with professional self-determination. Psychologists divide it into 4 stages:
- In childhood, already during a game, a child loses certain elements of a profession.
- In adolescence, children fantasize and see themselves in one way or another (profession).
- In his youth, already begins the preliminary choice of profession. Here there is a sorting, assessment of a particular type of activity, first from the point of view of interests, then the abilities of the student himself, ultimately relying on the system of values.
- The result - the choice of profession, decision-making for specific actions (admission to a particular institution).
Advice for adults
The essence of youth is maximalism; therefore, it is necessary to take into account the factors that influenced the choice of profession, objective and subjective conditions: social and material status, level of aspirations and informativeness, education of parents. It is worth noting that many adolescents strive to achieve a higher position than their family members. An interesting fact - for many applicants, parental education seems more important than their material well-being.
When choosing a profession, often young people are guided by the opinion of society, attracts their elitism, prestige of the profession. But at the same time they must take into account that the competition in this field of activity will be much higher. To achieve the goals here will have to show all their strong personal qualities.
If the student does not have certain interests, then the choice of profession may be difficult. It happens and vice versa, having chosen a specialty already in childhood, the future entrant does not want to hear any more about any alternatives. What to do? Both cases require competent pedagogical correction, a wise approach on the part of parents. Throughout the course of study, it was necessary to broaden the horizons of the child, acquaint him with many specialties, and talk about various activities. In the second case, the young man needs to explain the feasibility of a fallback so that in the future he will not face disappointment.
Friendship and love
The road of adolescence necessarily passes through such feelings as friendship and love. Most often girls of 16-18 years old fall in love, less often young men of 12-15 years old, this research survey has shown.
Love arises in adolescence due to several factors. This is puberty, and the desire to have a loved one who could discover the most intimate secrets, and the need for emotional affection, because the feeling of loneliness is especially acute in the youthful period.
In youthful interpersonal relationships, friendship and love are simply inseparable. One often develops into another. Girls and boys are active in search of partners, intimate contacts. They simply cannot be alone for long. Sometimes older students are so absorbed in such a relationship that they forget about other aspects of life. In a tactful, confidential form, adults should help to “descend from heaven” and point out other life values.