Education of children in different countries of the world: examples
- home and family
- Education of children in different countries of the world: examples. Features of the education of children in different countries. Education of children in Russia
All parents on our vast planet, without any doubt, experience a great sense of love for their children. However, in every country, fathers and mothers bring up children in different ways. This process is greatly influenced by the way of life of people of this or that state, as well as the existing national traditions. What is the difference between raising children in different countries of the world?
Being a parent is the most important and honorable occupation in the life of every person. However, a child is not only a joy, but also constant troubles that are associated with caring for him and with upbringing. Different peoples have different approaches to the formation of the personality of a small person. Education of children in different countries of the world has its own pedagogical methods, which each nation considers the only true.
To study all these differences, a whole science - ethnopedagogics - was created not so long ago. Her conclusions are likely to lead to a better understanding of the nature of man and the development of an optimal way of education.
Infants around the world often cry. This is the moment when a serious check is not so much psyche of dads and moms as their relationship to cultural roots. The fact that children cry a lot in the first months of their lives is normal for newborns of any nation. At the cry of a child in Western Europe, the mother responds in about one minute. A woman will take her child in her arms and try to calm him. If a child was born in a country where the primitive civilizations of collectors and hunters still exist, then he will cry as often as all other newborns, but half as much in time. Mother will respond to his scream in ten seconds and bring it to his chest. They feed children from such ethnic groups outside of any timetable and without observing the regime. In some Congolese tribes, there is a distinctive division of labor. Here, babies are fed and nurtured by several specific women.
Today, the crying of a child is treated differently. The baby is recognized as his right to demand attention. The first six months of his life, with his cry, he lets know that he wants to be shown to him by love and care, picked up, etc.
Discharge from the chest
And in this issue there is no single approach. So, many mothers of Hong Kong tear their children from their breasts as early as six weeks to go to work. In America, only a few months are breastfed. However, the mothers of some peoples continue to give their children breasts at the same age when they have already gone beyond infancy.
The dream of all parents is the peaceful sleep of their child. How to achieve it? And here there are radically different opinions that take into account the upbringing of children in different countries of the world. So, in the western guides and handbooks recommendations are given that the baby should not sleep in the daytime. Only then, in the evening, he will get tired and calm down. In other countries, parents have no such task. For example, the Mexican Mayan people put their children to sleep in the daytime in hanging hammocks, and at night they are taken to their beds.
The peculiarities of the upbringing of children in different countries of our planet can differ substantially from one another. However, regardless of culture and folk customs, the development of the child will be accelerated only in the case of regular studies with him. But this opinion is not shared by all parents. For example, in Denmark and Holland, it is believed that rest for the baby is more important than the efforts to develop intelligence. In the Congo, it is not at all customary to talk with a newborn. Mothers of this country believe that the main thing for their babies is to sleep. In connection with the fact that the education of children in different countries is so different, there are also significant differences in the motor and speech development of children, depending on their belonging to a particular culture and race.
For example, UNICEF data indicate an effective method of education, adopted by one of the Nigerian peoples - the Yoruba. Here, the kids spend the first three to five months of their lives sitting. To do this, they are laid between pillows or arranged in special holes in the ground. Ninety per cent of these children are already able to wash themselves at two years old, and thirty-nine per cent - to wash a plate with them.
Yes, the traditions of raising children in different countries differ significantly from each other. But whatever tact parents choose, their child will still cry and laugh, learn to walk and talk, because the development of any child is an ongoing, gradual and natural process.
A variety of educational systems
How to make a child a person? This question is facing all the parents of our planet. However, there is no single manual to solve this problem. That's why each family should choose the right system of education of their baby. And this task is very important, as in the child's age there is a pattern of behavior and character of a small person.
Errors made in the educational process, in the future can be very, very expensive. Of course, each child is different in its own way, and only parents can choose for him the most effective system of pedagogical methods. And for this it is important to learn how the upbringing of children in different countries, and choose the best for yourself.
The German system
What are the characteristics of the upbringing of children in different countries of the world? Let us begin our consideration of this question with the German pedagogical methods. As is known, the main difference of this nation lies in frugality, punctuality and organization. All these qualities German parents instill in their babies from an early age.
Families in Germany are late. The Germans enter the marriage before the age of thirty, but they are not in a hurry to have children. Spouses are aware of the responsibility of this step and strive to create a solid material basis before the birth of the first child.
Kindergartens in Germany work part-time. Without the help of a nanny, parents can not do. And this requires money, and considerable. Grandmothers do not sit with their grandchildren in this country. They prefer to live their lives. Mom, as a rule, build a career, and the birth of a child can adversely affect the receipt of another post.
However, having decided to have a child, the Germans approach this very scrupulously. They change the housing to a more spacious one. In advance, there are also searches for a pediatric nurse. Since their birth, children in German families are accustomed to a strict regime. They sleep about eight o'clock in the evening. Watching TV is strictly regulated. Preparations for the kindergarten are under way. For this, there are game groups, where children go together with their mothers. Here they learn to communicate with their peers. In kindergarten, German kids are not taught literacy and numeracy. They are taught discipline and tell how to play by all the rules. In a pre-school institution, a child has the right to choose any occupation for himself. It can be cycling or playing in a special room.
Read and write the child is in primary school. Here they instill love for knowledge, conducting lessons in a game form. Parents teach the student to plan their daily activities, leading for this special diary. At this age, the first moneybox appears in children. The child tries to accustom to managing his budget.
The Japanese system
Examples of the upbringing of children in different countries of our vast planet can have significant differences. So, unlike Germany, Japanese children up to five or six years are allowed almost everything. They can paint the walls with felt-tip pens, scoop flowers out of pots, etc. Whatever the baby does, the attitude towards him will be patient and benevolent. The Japanese believe that in the early childhood the little one should fully enjoy life. Simultaneously, children are taught good manners, are taught to be polite and aware that they are part of the whole society.
With the advent of school age, the attitude towards the child changes. Parents treat him with all severity. At 15, according to the people of the country of the Rising Sun, a person must be completely independent.
The Japanese never raise their children's voices. They do not read them long and tedious notations. The biggest punishment for a child is the moment when he remains alone, and no one wants to talk to him. This pedagogical method works very much, as Japanese children are taught to communicate, be friends and be in a team. They are constantly told that alone a person can not cope with all the intricacies of fate.
Japanese children have a strong connection with their parents. The explanation for this fact lies in the behavior of mothers who do not seek to assert their authority with blackmail and threats, but first go to reconciliation. Only indirectly, a woman shows how much she is upset by the misdeed of her child.
How does the child raise a child in the US? In different countries of the world (in Germany, Japan, and in many other) strict punishments pedagogical methods do not provide. However, only American children are so well aware of their duties and rights that they can go to court to call their parents to account. And this is not surprising, because in this country part of the process of education is to clarify the freedoms of the child.
A characteristic feature of the American style is the habit of attending any activities with their children. And all this is because the services of a nanny are not affordable for everyone in this country. However, at home each child has his own room, where he must sleep separately from his parents. Neither dad nor mother will not run to him for any reason, indulging all the whims. According to psychologists, this lack of attention leads to the fact that at a more mature age a person becomes withdrawn and nervous.
Seriously in America they are punished. If parents deprive the child of the opportunity to play a computer game or go on a walk, they should explain the reason for their behavior.
Kindergartens, American kids are visited very rarely. Many parents believe that by giving their child to such an institution, they will deprive him of his childhood. At home, mothers rarely deal with their babies. As a result, they go to school, unable to read or write.
Of course, freedom in the educational process contributes to the emergence of creative and independent personalities. However, disciplined workers in this country are a rarity.
In this state, the early education of a child is seriously developed. In different countries, as we have seen, this happens in different ways, but in France for preschool children many benefits and books are published, as well as a large number of educational institutions. Raising children from 1 to 2 years for French mothers is especially important. They go to work early and want their child to be as independent as possible by the age of two.
French parents treat their children fairly gently. Often they turn a blind eye to their pranks, but for good conduct they reward. If the mother still punishes her child, she will certainly explain the reason for such a decision, so that it does not seem unreasonable.
Little French people learn to be polite and observe all the rules and regulations from childhood. In this case everything in their life depends only on the decision of the parents.
The Russian system
Great difference is the upbringing of children in different countries of the world. Russia has its own pedagogical methods, which often differ from those that parents in other countries of the world are guided by. We, in contrast to Japan, always had the opinion that the child should be started to learn even when it can be laid across the bench. In other words, to instill in him social rules and norms from the very youngest years. However, today the methods of upbringing in Russia have undergone some changes. Our pedagogy has gone from authoritarian to humanistic.
Important is the education of children from 1.5 to 2 years. This is a period of improvement of previously acquired skills and awareness of their place in the world around them. In addition, it is the age of a clear manifestation of the nature of the baby.
Scientists have established the fact that almost 90% of information about the world around him the child receives in the first three years of his life. He is very mobile and is interested in everything. Russian parents are trying not to interfere with this. In the order of things and training the baby to independence. Many mothers do not seek to raise their child at the first fall. He must overcome difficulties himself.
Age from 1.5 to 2 years is the most active. However, despite their mobility, kids are not at all distinguished by agility. It does not take five minutes, as they always go somewhere. The Russian system of pedagogy recommends not to scold small researchers and be tolerant of their antics.
The upbringing of children 3 years affects the period of personality formation. Such babies require great attention and patience. The next few years of life are the years when the main features of the character of a small person develop, and also the formation of an idea of the norm of behavior in society. All this will affect the actions of the child in his future adulthood.
Raising children 3 years will require a lot of self-control from the parents. During this period, teachers recommend patiently and calmly to explain to the baby about why the father and mother are not comfortable with his behavior. At the same time, it is necessary to focus on the fact that the offense of the child greatly upsets the parents, and then shifts attention from the conflict to something interesting. Russian teachers recommend not to humiliate or beat a baby. He should feel on an equal footing with his parents.
The goal of raising a child in Russia is the formation of a creative and harmoniously developed personality. Of course, for our society it is considered normal if the father or mother raises their voice to their child. They can even spank the kid for a particular offense. However, all Russian parents are trying to protect their child from negative experiences and experiences.
A whole network of pre-school institutions operates in our country. Here, children learn the skills of communicating with their peers, writing and reading. Attention is paid to the child's physical and mental development. All this is done through sports and group games.
For the Russian upbringing, the traditional feature is the development of the creative abilities of children, as well as the identification of their giftedness. To do this, kindergartens are taught classes in drawing, singing, modeling, dancing, etc. It is common to compare the successes of children, causing a feeling of rivalry in the kids.
In the primary school of Russia, a holistic development and development of the child's personality is ensured. In addition, the education of children of primary school age is aimed at developing the desire and ability to learn.
In elementary school, all subjects are selected in such a way that the child has a correct idea of work and man, society and nature. For a more complete and harmonious development of the personality, optional classes in foreign languages, aesthetic education, physical training, etc. are conducted.