Children's activities in kindergarten
A child’s visit to a pre-school is a mandatory component of the full development of the personality of a future adult. If parents themselves can teach reading and writing at home, then the child’s socialization is impossible without communicating with his peers and performing tasks in a team. Kindergarten contributes to the normal growth of the child, prepares him for adulthood.
Types of activities in accordance with Federal State Requirements
There are generally accepted requirements that all pre-school institutions of a country must adhere to. Thus, the main types of children's activities in accordance with FGT include a game component, communicative, labor, educational and research, musical and artistic, productive, as well as reading.
A general education program in kindergarten should be carried out not only through the interaction of an adult and a child. The baby should solve many tasks independently. Such activity allows not only to acquire new skills, but also to consolidate the existing ones.
Federal-state requirements are developed taking into account the sensitive moments in children in accordance with age. On this basis, the main types of children's activities should be planned, taking into account the periods of sleep and wakefulness.
Play activity in kindergarten
The game can rightly be called the main activity in preschool. Role-playing games help the development of the personality; active ones contribute to the rapid physical development of the child. Any training is much more productive if it is interesting to the child. It is no coincidence that many educational programs are built in the form of a game.
The entire preschool age of a child can be divided into two groups. In the younger preschool age, the games at most acquire a substantive character. Children explore the world visually. They try to distinguish one object from another, to taste it. In the older preschool age, babies are already beginning to interact with each other. Role-playing games are becoming popular. And if the tutor builds the educational process correctly, in the form of a game it will be possible to teach children how to write and read. All types of children's activities in kindergarten to one degree or another must be associated with it.
Cognitive research activities
No less important activities can be considered informative and research. This species is closely related to the game. After all, it is thanks to the last child gets acquainted with the outside world. Cognitive activity is of great importance in any child's age. Depending on the goals the caregiver sets for children, this type of activity may include experimentation, observation, and excursions.
Separately, you should pay attention to the target walks. In the warm season, thanks to trips to the park or outside the city, the teacher helps children to solve several problems at once. Active rest can be combined with familiarity with nature and animals of the native land. In addition, fresh air helps to improve children's appetite and sleep. An obstacle to daily walks can be too low air temperature or precipitation. In the summer season, caregivers should ensure that children spend less time in the open sun and wear hats. Almost all types of children's activities in kindergarten in the summer can be carried out in the fresh air.
The main task of the preschool institution is to prepare the child for the future adulthood. A small person must acquire many skills before he enters the community. This is not only the ability to speak or to use household items as intended, but also proper communication with others.
Most children simply find a common language with both peers and adults. But in every kindergarten there is always a group of locked kids who are difficult to socialize. This behavior may be due to the nature of the character or parental education. Often, disturbances in the family lead to the fact that the child becomes self-contained and does not want to communicate with his comrades. The main types of children's activities are aimed at helping such a baby. In the form of a game, the teacher helps him to open up and establish contact with his peers.
Properly organized communication activities in kindergarten also contribute to the development of the vocal apparatus of children. Classes may include communicating with children on certain topics, situational tasks, conversation, guessing riddles. Scene games are very popular with kids. In the role of favorite fairy-tale heroes, children become more self-confident, reveal their creative potential.
Work in preschool
In order to exist in a full-fledged society, the child needs not only to learn how to properly communicate, but also to serve themselves. All types of children's activities in kindergarten contribute to the education of children independence. They should be able to dress properly and hold kitchen appliances without the help of adults.
Household labor is also not in last place. The child should be familiar with the activities of adults. This is especially true of everyday tasks. Not only the caregiver teaches kids the culture of life, but also parents at home. Even at preschool age, parents, along with caregivers, should teach the child how to be careful. All babies should clean up after themselves toys and kitchen appliances. Preschooler must know that all things have their place.
Joint activities of an adult and a child also contribute to social development. The kid learns to solve these or other everyday tasks more quickly, begins to understand the degree of his importance in society.
Kindergarten classes can not be imagined without drawing, sculpting and appliqués. All this is a productive activity that promotes mental development. In the classroom, kids learn to express their thoughts, to show imagination. It is in kindergarten that the love of art can take root, and parents usually reveal this or that talent in a child.
Praise is a very important moment of productive activity. In no case can a child of preschool age point out mistakes. The teacher can only send the child, suggest how it would be optimal to solve a specific problem. It is no coincidence that in preschool institutions there is no rating system. The child should not know that he draws or makes the application worse than others.
Productive activities in kindergarten help to acquaint the child with the surrounding nature, with the main colors and shapes. In addition, drawing and modeling contribute to the development of coordination of movements.
Music and art activities
Musical children's activities in kindergarten include singing, singing, playing instruments, as well as outdoor games with music. At such classes the children develop their creative abilities. Many kids like vocal improvisation classes. It is a musical and artistic activity created to prepare kids for performances. Children learn to feel great in front of a large audience.
Reading in kindergarten
Despite the fact that children begin to read only at school age, caregivers need to teach this skill long before. The child must first learn to listen and understand the work. A very important skill is the ability to handle a book. The kid should know that you can not tear the pages, considering the illustrations.
In the middle group, the educator begins to acquaint children with the letters. First of all, children learn easily pronounced letters. These are simple vowels and consonants. Next, kids learn to put letters in syllables, and they - in words.
The activity of the child in kindergarten must necessarily be associated with learning small poems. Classes of this kind contribute to mental development, train the memory of the child. Parents can also study short stories and jokes with their children at home.
Proper organization of leisure is also important.
Learning the basic skills of a child in a preschool institution comes first. But properly organized cultural and leisure activities in kindergarten is also important. For children to be able to spend their free time in a group, space must be properly organized. Special attention should be paid to adults on toys. The corresponding zones in the form of a living corner, kitchen or pharmacy have tremendous benefits. Special toys make children's role-playing games more intense.
Conditions for the implementation of children's activities in kindergarten also include theatrical activities. Views and fairy tales help children better consolidate the material covered. In addition, favorable conditions are created for the full development of the child within the precincts of the preschool institution.
Nanny or kindergarten?
Today, more and more parents prefer parenting at home. Meanwhile, it is in a preschool institution that a baby can get skills in social role-playing behavior. The experience of communication in various forms is established between children. Even a negative experience, which is impossible to get in the walls of your own home, will benefit your child. And the game as the leading type of children's activities will contribute to the all-round development of the baby in the team.
At the same time has the benefits and education of the child at home. A nanny with pedagogical education will apply all his strength to bring up a particular child, taking into account the peculiarities of his character. This will give the opportunity to cultivate the best qualities in it.