Turkish kongal (wolfhound): description of the breed, character, photo
This is a very ancient breed of dogs. In its original form it was preserved only in its homeland - in Turkey. Its name comes from the name of the Kangal district, from where these dogs originated. Today, they are bred by shepherds and peasants, who appreciate these large animals for their ability to protect the herds and protect them from predators. Surprisingly, until now, the Kangalas in the world are not officially recognized as a separate breed. Many experts believe that all shepherd dogs should be combined into one breed, however, Turkey is categorically against this and very closely follows the purity of the breed.
The country is very proud of this dog. Turkish kangal is recognized as a national treasure. The government closely monitors the movement and development of individuals of this breed. The puppy, which was born in the nursery, undergoes strict culling and almost always has a long pedigree. The Turkish breed of Kangal dogs is the only one officially recognized in the homeland. Her images can be seen even on coins and postage stamps.
From the history of the breed
In Eastern Turkey, all shepherd dogs of this country were born. Kangal also comes from these places. Its appearance is attributed to the Middle Ages. Legends are about this breed in Turkey. According to one of them, it was this dog that the heir of the Indian throne presented to the Ottoman padishah. She fought with a lion and emerged victorious from the battle. And then she disappeared around Kangala. It is believed that this was the ancestor of this breed.
These dogs never have white color. It is not known for certain, but it is quite probable that northern dogs, which are considered to be the ancestors of the Kangal, transferred this color to them. Their participation in the breed is indicated by the stiff and short coat, the non-aggressive and calm nature of these powerful animals. This is one of the purest breeds. For hundreds of years, it has not changed.
It's a congenital shepherd. Pastoralists in Turkey are very fond of their assistants, who are able to maintain the ideal order in the herd, while being a reliable protection of their wards from any predators. This dog is very calm and not at all aggressive, unlike other Turkish breeds. The dog Turkish kangal, the photo of which you see in this article, can manifest aggression only when it is really necessary.
This is not a domestic pet in the conventional sense. Undoubtedly, this intelligent animal loves its owner very much and is attached to it with all of its soul, but it is a working dog, and only then a domestic pet. In his blood for centuries, developed desire and desire for work, space, fresh air, so he is unlikely to feel happy, lying on the couch in anticipation of short walks along the city streets on a leash. Without work, he will start hooliganism, and you probably will not like it. For kangalah city apartment is equivalent to a cage. Kangal (Turkish wolfhound) is an excellent watchman. He is very distrustful and suspicious of strangers. These are all that the owner has not introduced to his four-legged friend.
An unusually beautiful, active and powerful animal. Has a strong physique, strong body, muscular neck and firm limbs. The height of the dog can reach 90 centimeters, weight - 70 kilograms. The coat is short, thick with a dense undercoat. Color is from gray-brown to brownish-yellow. Movements are free and energetic. The appearance of this giant is respected not only in animals, but also in humans. It is strikingly harmonious in complexity. On his large head with intelligent eyes, there are hanging ears of triangular shape, at the ends slightly rounded. A highly planted long tail in the active state is bent to the back of the animal. Despite such impressive size, this is a very dexterous dog. Moving, she keeps her head on one line with her back, so sometimes it seems that the dog is stealing.
An animal with a very independent character. The Turkish breed of dog kangal, more precisely its representatives, obey only those whom they respect. Usually it is only the owner. Can submit to someone who feels inner strength. It makes no sense to use physical strength in the education of a puppy. The dog will grow vicious and can be dangerous. It is necessary to give your growing friend the opportunity to communicate with strangers and other animals, so that he grows calm and well-controlled. For children, even an undressed dog will never show aggression, but given its size, you need to be careful that the dog does not accidentally pushed or dropped the baby.
Turkish kangal is surprisingly unpretentious and workable. He selflessly serves in the most difficult climatic conditions, and practically does not require any special care.
According to the shepherds, if at least one sheep is lost from the herd, the Turkish kangal can guard the lost sheep without water and food for days. In addition, cattle breeders note the amazing fearlessness and strength of this dog. This is the only domestic dog that can easily strangle the wolf. Usually for such a feat the owner of a flock cuts for a sheep's dog.
For all its boundless love for the owner, this dog is very proud, independent and independent, so from the earliest age the puppy needs to show "who is the master of the house".
Puppies of the Turkish Kangal
In Turkey, in 2003, a law was issued banning the export of these animals from the country without special permission. You can get it at the Military Veterinary School and the training center in Gemlik (Bursa province). Despite all precautions, puppies from the country are taken illegally, although this is strictly punishable by law. The best puppies can be bought in the villages of Central Anatolia or on a farm in Sivas.
As you understand, feeding such a giant is an important factor in his well-being. Experts advise cooking for your pet nutritious food yourself, and do not trust some kind of dry food. A dog should receive a daily rump of cereals, meat (fish), vegetables.
By nature, this dog is endowed with good health. However, with calcium deficiency, the pathology of the bones can develop in the puppy's food, which is quite common in large breed dogs. It is necessary to vaccinate the animal regularly to avoid spinal cord injury. Adults may have vision problems.
First of all, these are deviations in color, underdevelopment of limbs, extreme aggression - it is not necessary to confuse this dog with representatives of fighters' breeds. The aggression on the part of this animal can appear only in the case of its long keeping in an enclosed space, or the inhuman attitude of the owner and those around it. In this case, according to the Turkish laws, the owner can be severely punished.
The Turkish Kangal is a large dog, but its body basically consists of muscles. If the weight is typed at the expense of fat, then the dog can be disqualified, and the owner is accused of a lack of physical exertion.
The Turkish kangal, whose price ranges from 25 to 65 thousand rubles, depending on the availability of pedigree and other documents, is a serious, obedient, faithful and extremely kind dog.