TTG in pregnancy: the norm (1 trimester), indicators, deviations and transcript
During pregnancy, the level of hormones may be higher or lower than normal. That is why it is very important to monitor their quantity. This will ensure the mother's confidence that the baby will be born healthy and without various pathologies. During the course of pregnancy, doctors pay special attention to the level of TSH, which regulates the functioning of the thyroid gland.
Through the pituitary gland, which controls the endocrine system, a thyroid-stimulating hormone is produced. With the help of these substances, the work of internal organs is regulated. On the analysis of blood, based on certain indicators of TSH, you can judge the course of pregnancy. In this way, specialists can identify hormonal failures in the body of a woman who are capable of harming a child.
Thyrotropic hormone during pregnancy
This substance affects the quality of the thyroid gland. It, in turn, is responsible for the metabolic processes of proteins, carbohydrates and fats, regulates the activity of the sexual, nervous and cardiac system, as well as the work of the gastrointestinal tract.
Many do not understand why it is necessary to monitor the TSH index during pregnancy. It is important to know that thyroid hormones stimulate the body of the ovary, whose work contributes to the normal course of pregnancy.
As a result of increased blood supply, thyroid activity increases. TTG in pregnancy (the norm of 1 trimester, in particular, contains very low rates) must be controlled.
What should be the indicators?
The woman, first of all, should be registered in the clinic, where the gynecologist after the examination will appoint the passage of the most important tests. Among other things, you must constantly monitor your TTG during pregnancy. Norm (1 trimester) has generally accepted values from 0.1 to 2.0 honey / l. At the beginning of pregnancy, the amount of the hormone will differ from subsequent periods, but it should not exceed the specified rate before the onset of labor.
Table of thyrotropic hormone norms
The list indicates how low the norm of TTG in pregnancy (1 trimester). The table also contains the indicators that should be in all three cycles of bearing the fetus. In addition, much will depend on the state of health of women. At the beginning of pregnancy, you can see a lower content of the hormone. But do not worry: this TTG in pregnancy - the norm (1 trimester is most susceptible to fluctuations in the level of thyroid-stimulating hormone). If the mother had problems with the thyroid gland before conception, it is necessary to immediately pass tests for determining the level of hormones. During this period, the fetal secretion of thyroid hormones is absent. There remains only one source - the mother organism. Because of this in the mother's blood, you can see an increase in T 3 and a decrease in T 4. Therefore, you must constantly monitor TSH during pregnancy. The norm of the first trimester can be quite low, but this is understandable and not dangerous.
In the second stage of pregnancy, the child develops the thyroid gland and normalizes the production of hormones. At this time, thyroxine levels decrease, and the thyroid-stimulating hormone increases. In the following trimesters, the hormone level becomes larger, but this does not mean that it should exceed the permissible standards.
Small deviations are not capable of harming the mother and the fetus, but a significant difference should be a signal that measures need to be taken.
TTG above norm or rate
The hormone during pregnancy can be several times higher than normal, which leads to the development of hypothyroidism. At this time, the thyroid gland reduces its activity and does not synthesize hormones in the required volume. TTG above the norm in pregnancy (1 trimester) can signal the presence of a tumor of the pituitary gland or thyroid gland.
It is very important to reduce this level, otherwise the child will not receive the substances necessary for the development of thyroid gland. All this can lead to an early miscarriage or the appearance of pathologies.
Symptoms of an elevated TSH level
With an increased level of thyroid-stimulating hormone, fatigue and fatigue can be felt. The following features are also present:
- Appears pallor of the skin.
- You can observe a low temperature.
- Also, weight can be increased with no sense of hunger.
- There is insomnia.
- Swelling is noticeable.
These symptoms indicate that the woman can increase TSH in pregnancy. What it is? Norm TTG is able to deviate from the generally accepted values, and the listed symptoms are also observed during the normal course of the gestation period. In these nuances, only a competent doctor is able to understand. When elevated TSH during pregnancy, the causes, symptoms can be very diverse. That's why it's better to make sure and pass the blood tests for hormones. Judging by the results of the analysis, the doctor will make a conclusion and make a correct treatment plan.
TTG is below the norm in pregnancy
There are situations in which this indicator can be not only increased, but also lowered.
Symptoms of a lowered TSH level are manifested as follows:
- There may be headaches.
- Blood pressure becomes unstable.
- You can also see an increase in temperature.
- The body weight can be strongly reduced, and appetite thus, on the contrary, rises.
- There is nervousness and aggression.
In such cases, you should not self-medicate. If any symptoms are found, you should immediately consult a doctor.
Low hormone levels during pregnancy lead to hyperthyroidism. During this period, the thyroid gland produces a large number of these substances. The thyrotropic hormone indices decrease because of stress or because of the development of tumors. All this negatively affects the health of a pregnant woman and a future child. To prevent such consequences, it is necessary to take drugs that suppress the synthesis of thyroid hormones.
Council of specialists
Doctors who are involved in this problem, recommend to adhere to a certain diet to increase the TSH during pregnancy. It is necessary to consume protein foods, and fats, carbohydrates and salt should be limited. Very useful are buckwheat, beets, lettuce and sea kale.
What is the danger of increased thyroid stimulating hormone during pregnancy?
A very undesirable moment in pregnancy is an increase in the level of thyroid-stimulating hormone, as this leads to an incorrect development of the fetus. It is very important to take urgent measures because a child can be born with mental and physical problems.
The biggest threat is present at the beginning of pregnancy - during this period the most important organs of the fetus begin to form. The child perceives the hormonal background of the mother because of the lack of functions of her own thyroid.
With an elevated level of TSH, a woman can have various diseases:
- Severe gestosis.
- Cholecystectomy and various neoplasms.
- You can notice problems with the activities of the adrenal glands.
- An overestimated hormone level can lead to mental or somatic disorders.
These are very serious diseases, causing immense harm to the mother and child, so you need to pay attention to them in time.
How to cope with an increased level of thyroid-stimulating hormone?
To begin treatment it is necessary only when the level of TSH significantly exceeds the norm. If the deviations are small, then nothing can be done. Of course, such a decision is made solely by the doctor.
This should be monitored starting from the first trimester. If you start treatment in time, you can avoid many problems.
Use of drugs
Often use different analogues of "thyroxine." You may need iodine-containing drugs. These funds are appointed by the attending physician and are taken, as a rule, for a long time. Begin taking a small dose. Without prescription, these drugs can not be used, because they are selected individually.
Prevention of disease
Many are confused when they learn that they have elevated TSH levels during pregnancy. Already during her planning it is necessary to protect yourself from such troubles. For this, you need to take tests for hormones. If there is a problem, then urgently need to take care of
What do we have to do?
The doctor may advise taking Jodomarin. It is because of the lack of this substance that the level of the hormone is unstable. It is impossible to take hormonal preparations uncontrolled. Specialists can monitor the process on the basis of conclusions made only after the tests.
A pregnant woman is very important to rest more often. During this period, light gymnastic exercises and walks in the fresh air are useful. You can not engage in self-medication, on the contrary, you must immediately visit a doctor.
There is an interesting fact that iodine enters the thyroid gland cells only in the tenth week, and in the fourth month of pregnancy the hormones begin to develop in the fetus. If the described condition progresses in severe form, then it is forbidden to give birth. But there are cases when it is possible to independently adjust the activity of the thyroid gland. To do this, you must enter iodized salt into your diet. For a normal course of pregnancy, you must follow all the recommendations of doctors and often be in a good mood.