Noise in the heart of a newborn: is there any reason for panic
With the advent of the baby, parents have not only a huge amount of hassle, but also fears related to the health of crumbs. Unfortunately, there is not a rare situation in which many pediatricians on the next examination say they hear a noise in the heart of a newborn. Of course, in moms and dads, this causes panic, but before you put unreasonable diagnoses only to a born little man, you need to understand the causes of this phenomenon.
So, first of all it is necessary to say that not always the noise in the heart of a newborn means the defect of its development. Usually serious deviations are visible even at carrying out of US of the pregnant woman, therefore the future mum will learn about serious diseases even before appearance of the kid on light. In addition, with suspicions, you and your baby will be immediately sent to the ECG and ultrasound of the heart. These studies will help to finally determine if there is a cause for concern.
Quite often, noises in the heart of a newborn are due to incorrectly located chords of the left ventricle. But they only cause extraneous sounds, but they do not affect the functioning of this muscular organ in any way. Often, the noise occurs due to the fact that at birth, arterial and venous ducts, an oval window, and umbilical vessels, which ensure the correct intrauterine blood circulation of the crumbs, are not closed in time. If previously it was thought that they should close right away, almost with the first inhalation of the baby, now with the help of modern studies it was found that the noise in the heart of the child can be listened to and up to 2 years.
The fetal circulation system can not function without special ducts and an oval window. With their help, excess blood is discharged, they help the heart to work under low pressure, without breathing. But with birth, when the lungs open, fill with blood and begin to function 2 circles of blood circulation, all these auxiliary elements are not needed. Ovalthe window, for example, is closed due to the increasing blood pressure, the ducts stop working under the influence of muscular, nervous and natural physical factors. Normally, it is considered that the ducts should close no later than 8 weeks after the appearance of crumbs to light (ideally this occurs in the first 2 weeks of life), and the oval window can function for up to 2 years.
If a doctor hears a noise in the heart of a newborn, and with the help of special studies it has been found that it works a little differently than it should, this requires constant monitoring and regular research. So, if the arterial duct does not close, then at the age of 2-5 years, surgery will be necessary. Despite the fact that with an open oval window, surgical intervention is required only in exceptional cases, parents should know how the heart of their child functions.
Noise in the heart of a newborn can mean both certain minor deviations in its development, and also indicate serious violations. That is why it is better to do all the doctor's appointments in time to exclude possible problems and to know all the features of your baby.