Chinese Crested Pooh: Features and Care
"Puff" Chinese Crested will be a wonderful friend for any person. He loves children. Suitable even for people who are allergic to dog hair. Decorative and created specifically for the home. It is unquiet in eating and has a wonderful friendly character.
History of the breed
"Puff" Chinese Crested is a character of many legends. One says that a similar dog accompanied Buddha in wanderings. If the danger to the Buddha did not threaten, then the cheerful and amusing dog just followed his master on his heels. When there was a threat on the way, the animal turned into a formidable lion and protected the owner. Thus, the dog repeatedly saved the god from negative situations.
Another legend tells of the love of a guy and a girl. The young man wanted to take his beloved to his wife, but her father opposed it, since the groom was poor. He promised to give his daughter for an old and rich friend. Then the young people went to the sorcerer, who transformed their magic into dogs of the breed Chinese Crested.
According to the third myth, these dogs have a close relationship with the other world. Carefully guard the soul of its master. At the death of the owner, the dog dies with him and protects him before God in a terrible court.
At one time, only rich people could afford to keep such dogs. In China and today, the Chinese downy crested belongs to the main signs of wealth and wealth.
In 1966 this breed practically disappeared. At that time, there were about ten individuals around the world. In China, there were hard times, and people were not up to the preservation of the breed. The problem was solved by the British, and the representatives of the breed were taken to England. It was restored, and thanks to this, the Chinese crested "puff" (the photo with its image can be seen below) pleases the dog breeders today.
Especially popular are animals in the 21st century, when ladies with small dogs entered the fashion. In 2015, about 600 puppies of this breed were recorded in Russia.
Features of the breed
"Puff" Chinese Crested refers to small decorative dogs. In height, the dog grows to 35 cm, and its weight fluctuates around 3-6 kg. The animal has a small elongated muzzle and hanging ears. Eyes are black. The neck and tail are long, and the legs are straight. Wool in dogs can be of a very different color. The most common - a coffee with a small crab. There are two kinds of this breed - "puff" and "naked".
Life expectancy of pets is 10-15 years.
Character of the dog
"Puff" Chinese Crested is a good temper, which notes:
- Friendliness. Easily comes into contact with other animals. To outsiders is wary. It's hard for a new person to win the dog's trust.
- Mindfulness. For each member of the family, the dog finds an approach. With special attention he studies the tastes and habits of domestic people. Knows, when and from whom you can get something delicious or pamper.
- Insight. Feels the mood of the owner. He understands when to approach him, and when it is better to choose the occupation.
- Playfulness. He loves children and can play with them around the clock. Do not bite or scare them.
- Silence. From this breed it is very difficult to hear any sound. They bark quite infrequently.
- Sociability. He does not like loneliness and from separation from the owner can get sick. Easily adapts to a new place.
- Devotion. She is betrayed absolutely to all her members and seldom gives anyone a preference.
- Learning. Easily learns commands. Likes to perform various tricks.
The dog constantly chews various objects, so the dog needs to be provided with rubber toys.
The animals are fragile enough, so if there are small children in the family, then it is better not to start such pets. Children can easily cause such a dog unintentional harm.
The purpose of the dog
Chinese crested "puff" is created exclusively as a domestic pet. Without effort becomes a favorite of all family members. Ideal as a true friend for those who love animals. As a rule, these dogs often participate in various exhibitions and competitions. They lead a secular way of life.
Caring for Chinese downy crested dog
Chinese crested "puff" requires careful care. Bathe the dog once a week, and wool combs daily.
Wash the dog with special shampoos that impart shine and splendor to the coat. Wool at the dog almost does not shed, but on it can be formed koltuny, which need to be cleaned in a timely manner.
Claws are cut once in seven days, as they quickly grow and do not have time to grind. During the procedure, there should be a lot of hydrogen peroxide and cotton wool, in case of cuts.
Once a week, you need to brush your pet's teeth to prevent the appearance of tartar. In the formation of such an ailment, the dog will be pained to take food, and its treatment will cost "a pretty penny." To clean the teeth you need to get a special toothpaste and brush.
Weekly, the dog examines the eyes, nose and ears. They should be clean, without excreta.
Even decorative pets need physical exercise. Therefore, the dog should walk outdoors daily. Chinese crested do not tolerate the cold. In the winter, stay on the street with a dog should be limited.
In the event that it is not possible for the pet to walk, you can teach him to walk on the tray.
What to feed the Chinese crested "puff"?
Puppies crested "puff" until two months are fed 5-6 times a day. Gradually, by the year of life, this rate is reduced to two times a day. At four months milk is excluded from the dog's diet.
The animal is fed dry food for dogs of small breeds. "Puff" is not necessary to feed dry food and you can offer him natural products. She is not picky at all about the choice of food and consumes almost everything that is given. She loves fruits very much.
In the diet of such a dog should include low-fat raw meat and boiled by-products. The pet should be given boiled fish, vegetables, greens. The weekly menu should include a boiled egg, cereals and vegetable oil. Of dairy products, preference should be given to kefir and cottage cheese.
All harmful, namely salty, fatty, fried, smoked, sweet, must be excluded from the diet. The ban concerns sausages, sausages, lard and flour products.
How to cut a Chinese crested "puff"?
Wool "puff" requires daily attention. To care for it you will need:
- a brush with long teeth of metal;
- professional hairdressing scissors;
- machine for cutting dogs, it is better to choose the electric;
Combing your pet should be a daily ritual. To this procedure, the dog must be taught from birth.
All the wool on the dog's body is brushed with a metal brush, starting from the skin. The most problematic way to comb the problem areas. As a rule, it is behind the ears and on the paws, where the most often appear the coots. If there are koltuny, then they carefully disassemble their hands, and then comb the puerper.
If there is no desire to mess with wool daily, then the pet can be cut.
Cutting the Chinese crested "down jacket" is able to completely transform the appearance of the dog and turn it into a "naked" dog. Of course, this applies to dogs that do not participate in exhibitions.
You can trim the animal both independently and in a special dog's salon.
Before the haircut, the pet should be washed with an air conditioner that will add shine wool, then blow dry with a hairdryer. During drying, the hair straightens the comb and forms a hairdo.
If the wool is cut completely, then you need to try to remove as much as possible of the hair cover with scissors. Inviolable are "boots", a tuft and 2/3 of wool in the area of the tail.
Next, shaving requires a dog clipper, working on electricity. You can not use a device designed for cutting people, it is not able to overcome the nap and the soft hair of the dog. Depending on the hair style, the wool can be cut as completely, and up to several millimeters.
Wool, which forms a "skirt", carefully equals in a straight line with a slight slope forward. Near the anus on all sides, a small part is cut and the hairline on the hips is milled. Sow up the wool, leaving behind the paws. Between the pads, the hairs are completely removed. If you do not remove the wool in time, you can form coils.
Haircut in the cabin will not take much time, and experienced professionals will help create a pet fashionable original hairstyle.
After shearing, the dog will find its own individual style, and caring for it will become much easier.
About the health of a dog
About how to cut the "puff" Chinese crested, it was written above, and now about the health of the dog.
Crested "puff" does not give off strong health. Often suffers from allergic reactions and Perthes disease. Dislocations of the kneecap are observed in such pets. The eyes of the dog are prone to keratoconjunctivitis. There are problems with the teeth. At an early age, they may fall out. If the dog is not properly treated, tartar can form.
The animal should be vaccinated. The first vaccination is carried out at the age of 8-10 weeks. It protects the dog from leptospirosis, parainfluenza, parvovirus and infectious hepatitis. The procedure of revaccination is appointed after 3-4 weeks. The second inoculation against rabies is done at 12 weeks. The third vaccine from microsporia and trichophytosis is administered in six months. In a year the puppy is given a general revaccination. After that, the vaccine is given to the dog annually. Before you can get vaccinated, you should make sure that the pet is absolutely healthy. Deworming is also carried out for this purpose.
In the future, 2-3 per year the dog is propaed by anthelmintic agents.
The breed of Chinese crested "puff" has the ability to fertility at a fairly early age - 8-12 months. For a young and insufficiently strengthened organism, pregnancy and childbirth can become a heavy load, since the body has not yet formed completely. The best age for mating for females is 20 months, and for males - 24 months. The female is considered ready to knit after two leaks, on the third. It is at this time and should plan such an event.
Dogs are not fed before they are viscous. The bitch is taken to the dog, since it is at home that the animal is able to show the necessary activity.
When dogs are mated, nothing should be distracting. At this process there should be a minimum number of spectators. If everything is done correctly, and the bitch was prepared, then there is no need to repeat the process of intercourse. Not ready-made bitches should not be allowed to knit, so as not to expend the strength of the dog.
How to choose the right puppy?
In order for the dog to live up to the dog's expectations, it must be properly chosen. This will help to avoid problems related to the health of the dog and its behavior. The pet is completely devoid of aggression, but in spite of this, the puppy can show hyperactivity. Also the animal must have:
- strong bones;
- absolutely straight back;
- well defined paw angles;
- scissor bite;
- smooth and clean belly, gently pink.
- clean eyes, ears and nose without cloudy discharge.
The color of the "puff" puppy can change with age. Clarity here will bring a pedigree, which details the shades of wool of the ancestors of the dog. In three months, the roots of the coat in the dog acquire a basic color.
Where to buy a puppy Chinese crested "downy"?
When deciding to buy a Chinese crested puppy, you should carefully study the ads on the Internet. See pictures of the dogs there. Such dogs can be not only "fuzzy", but also "bald".
There are nurseries that specialize in breeding such animals. The purchase here has its advantages, as the dog has all the necessary documents at once, which gives it the opportunity to participate in all kinds of exhibitions and competitions.
Puppy Chinese crested "puff" does not differ in budgetary value. If this is a thoroughbred dog, then its price varies within the limits of 12-45 thousand rubles. A "naked" pet will cost its owners a little more.
Dog breeds Chinese crested "puff" requires careful care. Therefore, before acquiring an animal, you should get acquainted with the opinions of dog breeders about this dog, and also carefully study all the nuances associated with its content.