Inoculation of kittens: briefly about the main
Most cats are kept at home, without letting go for walks. However, this does not mean that the animal is not threatened by infectious diseases.
The fact is that everyone who entered your apartment can bring an infection on clothes, shoes. There are many animals on the street, among which are stray cats and dogs. Of course, among them there are many vectors of all kinds of diseases. Inoculation of kittens will not become a guarantor of absolute safety, but it will significantly increase immunity. In this case, even a sick animal will suffer an attack of a dangerous virus much easier.
What vaccinations are given to kittens? Among the main - vaccination from:
You can refuse the first vaccination if you do not plan to release the animal to the street (or move to a private house). However, from accident, alas, no one is immune. Your pet, for example, can escape and "chat" with an already infected animal. In the absence of vaccinations, the consequences of such a meeting are predictable - your own favorite can become the cause of infection of all who live in an apartment. Vaccination of kittens from rabies will insure against such troubles.
A specific vaccination scheme has been developed for all animals. Inoculation of kittens is no exception. What is this scheme? When should I vaccinate kittens?
On average, the baby should be vaccinated at 3 months. (12 weeks). However, the timing may vary depending on the type of vaccination.
The most commonly chosen drug is "Nobivac Triket". It is administered for the first time in 12 weeks, the second in three weeks. The combined vaccine allows to develop active immunity against rhinotracheitis, panleukopenia, and kaltsivirus infection. Revaccination is carried out by another drug - "Nobivak Rabies" (listed diseases plus rabies).
If circumstances require earlier protection, the first vaccination can be carried out at 8 weeks, a second vaccination at 12-week period. However, against rabies vaccination with kittens is done only with 3 months. (revaccination is not required).
It should be noted that immunity against the infections listed above, is developed 10-12 days after the second injection (revaccination).
In the future, the animal is vaccinated annually (once). It is advisable to choose a multivalent vaccine such as Tricat + Rabies ("Nobivac").
Vaccines also have good reviews: Leucoripheline (bivalent), Felovax-4 (tetravalent), Multifel-4, Vitafelvac.
There are still vaccinations that protect the cat from lichen and dermatoses ("Microderm" (from six weeks) and "Polivak TM" (from 10 weeks)). Revaccination - in two weeks.
To vaccinate kittens without complications, the animal is first given anthelmintic (10 days) and rid of fleas, ticks, worms and other parasites (if any). In addition, it is extremely important:
- observe the timing of vaccinations;
- use unexpired and quality vaccines stored in the refrigerator;
- not to vaccinate the animals of patients (or newly ill) who underwent surgery, pregnant, after birth, before knitting.
In the first day, the vaccinated animal may become sluggish. However, if the malaise lasts longer, be sure to show the kitten to the vet.