Anti-bedsore pillow: types, how to choose, reviews
Unfortunately, it often happens that due to trauma or a serious illness a person has to stay in a wheelchair for a long time. This threatens the patient with such a phenomenon as pressure sores. So called the formation on the skin, leading to the death of tissue cells. They are peculiar to the sick, bedridden or wheelchair.
The most effective to date, a means of preventing their appearance are mattresses, pillows that have an anti-decubitus effect. In addition to preventing this disease, they contribute to the rapid elimination of existing formations. This simple invention, like an anti-decubitus pillow, helps restore normal circulation in the inactive parts of the body, produces a mild massage effect, excludes friction and displacement of tissues, thereby preventing the occurrence of decubitus. In this article, we will introduce you to the types of pillows and mattresses, tell about their actions, we will consider in detail some models.
Many people who had to take care of the seriously ill, know that prolonged immobility often leads to the appearance of ulcers on the skin. This category of patients includes not only disabled people with disabilities, but also people who have suffered serious heart disease (stroke or heart attack). Sometimes, and various injuries, cancer causes the person to bed for a long time.
The constant influence of the body weight on the skin leads to a violation of blood circulation. Clamped areas are covered with non-healing ulcers, which bring the patient huge suffering. Moreover, this ailment can lead to infection of blood. Most often, such formations appear on the feet and around the buttocks.
To prevent this disease, you should use special mattresses, pillows. They can help both sedentary patients, as well as people with severe forms of arthritis, after burns, with ischemic ulcers, impaired motor apparatus, and also with paralysis. It should be noted that it is possible to use pritovoprozlynevye pillows for both bed patients, and simply for the prevention. They perfectly relieve fatigue, reduce pain caused by the load on the spine. They are used by people who are suffering from sciatica, osteochondrosis. An anti-decubitus pillow can be used anywhere - on a bed or in a wheelchair, in a work chair or armchair, or in a car seat.
Types of pillows
An anti-decubitus pillow can belong to one of the categories divided into:
Depending on the risk zone, they have the following subcategories:
- for heels and elbows;
- for toilet seats;
- for the back and buttocks.
They can have different shapes:
- Square (it is considered classical). It is suitable for patients who do not need additional posture support.
- Anatomical. This pillow completely repeats the shape of the buttocks, helps maintain posture.
- Cone-shaped. They have a special cutout for the tailbone. Suitable for people who have undergone gynecological or pelvic surgery.
From this indicator depends largely on how comfortable the chosen pill is for the anti-bedsore. It also affects the price of the product. The main fillers that are used today are:
- Foam. This is the most common material, besides it is one of the most affordable.
- Silicone gel. It not only repeats the contours of the body, but also promotes less perspiration, since it has cooling properties.
- Foam "with a memory effect" made of polyurethane foam. This material has become very popular in recent years, thanks to its ability to "remember" and accurately repeat the contours of the body. This completely eliminates the risk of squeezing tissues in problem areas.
- Latex. The material is natural, perfectly air-permeable and characterized by its toughness and elasticity.
- Air. It's about static air cushions that help, due to the air layer and a lot of cells filled with air, to cope with the ailment. Thanks to this solution, the air flows smoothly into the right cells and creates an optimal pressure distribution.
The anti-decubitus pillow can have a flat or embossed surface.
Tips for choosing
To choose the right pillow, you need to understand well what the patient needs during this difficult period. This will help you choose the model you need.
This model with gel filling is ideal for those who are interested in low cost of the product and ease of operation. Also, such models have a minimum level of maintaining posture, and this should be taken into account when buying.
The gel cushion WC-G-C as a filler has a high-density foam and a silicone gel. Its dimensions are 40x40x5 cm. There are fasteners, as well as anti-skid coatings. The weight of the WC-G-C pillow is 2.5 kg. The price is from 2500 rubles. Manufacturer - China. The warranty is six months.
Air filling guarantees a low weight of the product, the ability to adjust the level of rigidity, using air pumping. Nevertheless, such an anti-bedsore pad is unlikely to suit patients who need posture support. For them, another option is needed.
This anti-bedsore pillow is designed to prevent skin ulcers in people with impaired nervous system and musculoskeletal system. It provides comfort in a sitting position. The anti-decubitus air pillow Armed CQD-P is made of visco-elastic polyurethane foam and has the effect of memorizing the form. The cushion cover has a zipper, is made of waterproof and waterproof fabric. The price is 2040 rubles
Vita Care pillow
Foamed materials of any kind please with low weight, comfort and stability. They have an average level of posture maintenance.
This model is developed on the basis of a patented innovative system that allows to evenly distribute pressure on the areas that come into contact with the body. The anti-decubitus effect is achieved thanks to a special visco-elastic polyurethane foam, which has the ability to memorize the shape, as well as air chambers inside the product. They allow you to change the height of the pillow and its softness.
The anti-bedsore cushion Polyurethane Vita Care has an insert of anti-slip material, which allows you to hold it in place, and with Velcro it can be glued to a chair or stroller. Cover: 100% polyester. Such an anti-decubitus pillow, whose price is 3,450 rubles, can significantly alleviate the suffering of the patient.
The company Roxo (USA) exists in the market of rehabilitation equipment for more than ten years and is a developer of modern and high-tech anti-decubitus pillows and mattresses, which guarantee the patient comfort, effective rehabilitation, maximum convenience.
These models are designed to redistribute the weight of a sick person and reduce the pressure on problem areas. The effectiveness of this accessory is noted at 1, 2 and even 3 stages of decubitus. The ability to redistribute pressure increases blood flow and significantly reduces edema, which increases the effect.
Roho Quadtro Select Low
This model is designed for placement in a wheelchair. It is corrected by pressing the button. This way you can change the form. With the help of such a cushion, the user can independently change position during the day.
Such a Roho pillow does not require complicated maintenance. It is easy to clean with soap and water. This product is suitable for patients with limited mobility, which requires comfort and basic posture support.
This is an excellent model of an inflatable cushion with a basic level of skin protection. It evenly distributes the force of pressure over the contact area. As a result of the application of this pillow, wound healing is much more effective.
Specially designed pillow Roxo in the size of the chair. It provides protection of the back, coccyx. Due to the deep immersion that is achieved by maintaining the internal pressure of the air, it does not allow parts of the body (especially the bony protuberances) to touch the support base. Such a pillow designed with a backrest is an excellent choice if the padding of the stroller sags and is not a support for the body.
And now we will introduce you to the anti-bedsore mattresses, which are made of polyvinylchloride and rubberized fabric. These materials have both positive and negative sides. That's why experts are at a loss to answer which one is better. For example, mattresses made of rubberized cloth keep heat well. This can not boast polyvinyl chloride samples. But they are easier to care for, they can be repaired.
It must be present in the kit. Moreover, it should have a low noise level (10 dB or less). The mattress is used constantly, and therefore noise will cause inconvenience to the patient.
A cellular sample is suitable for patients with an initial stage of formation of pressure sores. Mattresses of this type are now widely used in hospitals. They include a lot of air chambers, which visually very much resemble bee honeycombs.
A tubular mattress is used to provide comfort to immobile people with pressure ulcers of a later stage. The microscopic perforation of this mattress perfectly copes with the disease. By purchasing a similar anti-decubitus mattress, the price of which can be either quite affordable or high enough (depending on the manufacturer and material), choose a model that is completed with a sheet that does not absorb moisture.
Features of use
It is very important to choose the necessary pressure in the mattress. For patients who have a high weight, this figure is higher. In addition, the mattress should be both soft and elastic. You can check this figure yourself - swipe between its sections. If you easily did it, then the pressure is perfect. If you do it with effort, you need to increase the figure.
Maintenance and cleaning of the mattress
Blow up the mattress before cleaning. Use a soft, damp cloth. It is not recommended to use products that contain dyes or alcohol in their composition. Before the next use, the mattress should be well dried, but not in the open sun.
The compressor is cleaned several times a week with a soft cloth, having been previously disconnected from the power supply. Contraindicated use for cleaning products with abrasive components.
Do not forget that the anti-bedsore mattress, the price of which varies from 3000 to 56,350 rubles (for example, the mattress "Enterix Carilex"), is often vital to people who are in immobilized condition.
In conclusion, let's talk about one more material. Today it fills many pillows. Hollofayber - a substitute for fluff (artificial). It is produced only at the Thermopol plant (Moscow). This word consists of two words - "hollowe" and "fiber". They are translated as "hollow fiber".
The filler is made by the most modern technologies of thermal fastening from polyester (polyester). To fill the mattresses is used holofayber "hard". Its structure is hollow fibers, which look like spiral springs intertwined with each other, forming a springy structure. This material is not used, making anti-decubitus pillows. Hollofayber successfully used for the manufacture of orthopedic bedding for pregnant women and children.
Most of the buyers who have already purchased such funds for rehabilitation, believe that they did the right thing. Especially they are effective against patients with skin lesions in the initial stages. In this case, pressure sores quickly disappear.
Buyers say that with their functions, cushions for bedridden patients, as well as mattresses, completely cope. With regard to filler, opinions differ, because in each case an individual approach to his choice is required.