Postage pigeons: breeds, care, training
There is no clearly expressed breed of postal pigeons in nature. All birds have the ability to return to their nests from distant distances. Just some breeds of pigeons make it worse, some better. The latter are considered to be postal ones.Among other things, such pigeons are also characterized by the ability to fly quickly.
Currently, there are basically three varieties that are considered postal: the Flanders, Luttich, the English quarry and the Antwerp. The English quarry is distinguished by its large size, powerful physique, very well developed round-eyed ring and beak with a pronounced growth. The Flandre pigeon, on the contrary, has small dimensions, as well as a thick and short neck and beak. The wings of his very tightly pressed to the body. The Antwerp pigeon is distinguished by its long beak and neck, and Luttich's pigeon is very small in size. These are the four main breeds of postal pigeons at the moment.
In Russia, usually dilute quarries. In addition, in our country dragons are popular. These postal pigeons were obtained in the VII century by crossing the same quarries with another breed - turmans. Dragons also have a developed okolaglaznym ring and a large horny growth in the caulinian region, but these signs are expressed in them is not so bright. Careers were once imported from the East (for the first time such pigeons were planted in Egypt) to Europe, and then significantly improved in England. Once they were famous precisely as English messengers.
Post pigeons require special conditions of detention and training. Particular attention should be given to feeding. Under normal conditions, birds are given about 410 g of food in 8 days. With increased feeding - 820 g. During the incubation period, both the female and male are fed according to the number of chicks. You can not overfeed these birds. Otherwise they will become slow and lazy. Adult birds are fed three times a day - in the morning, in the afternoon and in the evening.Chicks - usually five times a day.
Most postal pigeons eat yellow peas. At the same time, you need to make sure that green beans do not fall among the yellow ones. From them pigeons can begin indigestion. If this happened, it is necessary to temporarily add to the diet cereals. Be sure to give a small amount of salt, chalk and lime. To stimulate reproduction, feed pigeons and animal food (meat-and-bone meal, fish, etc.).
For the intended use, mail pigeons must be trained. Training begins after feathering chicks, at about six weeks of age. Initially, pigeons are taught to fly around the dovecote. This is done about a month and a half, and then begin real training. At the same time birds are taken away from the nest for a certain distance, gradually increasing it, and releasing it. The best time for such training is the period from April to October. In the first year the distance is brought to about 300 km.
It is best to let the trained bird from an open and elevated place. In the valley postal pigeons can not immediately orient themselves, and mountains and forests scare them. A basket with birds is put on the ground, open and move away from it. Usually after that they fly out, climb to a huge height and, after describing several circles, fly away at a high speed towards the house.
It is believed that the maximum distance from which post pigeons (photos of birds can be seen on this page) can find the way to the pigeon, is about 1100 km. However, there are cases when birds flew back home from more remote areas. But such a distance can only be taken by a dove that has reached the age of three.