Swimming for pregnant women
Pregnancy for any woman is a pleasant event in life. This is not a disease in any way, as many believe, therefore it is not necessary to lie all the time during pregnancy and grab for the stomach. In modern gynecology, doctors advise future mothers to lead a moderately active lifestyle, if, of course, there are no contraindications. Girls in the position with increasing tummies easily carry loads in the water. Therefore, visiting the pool will be a great way to keep your body toned.
Visit the pool for a healthy lifestyle of pregnant women
Swimming for pregnant women is almost indispensable, because it is a process that favorably affects the entire body of a woman in the situation. Her mood rises and her health improves. This is due to the fact that training in the pool is good for pregnant women.
In water, the body is as if in weightlessness. Because of this, future mothers do not experience strong physical activity. Even with minimal activity during swimming, the body will remain in a tonus and at the same time relaxed state. This removes the load from the waist, back and thoracic region, and the muscles are strengthened. With regular visits to the pool, the manifestations of varicose veins and swelling gradually come to naught.
In water, future mothers can perform exercises that are contraindicated on land. The earlier a woman in the situation begins to visit the pool, the better will be her state of health throughout the waiting period of the child. Swimming for pregnant women is the best kind of maintenance of the form and health.
How to choose a swimming pool for pregnant women?
Future mothers should take seriously the choice of the swimming pool, as well as the choice of the instructor. This person should be a high-level professional and have experience of such work. After swimming with pregnant women - a special process that requires special training and knowledge from the instructor.
How to choose a place for swimming? Undoubtedly, it is necessary to pay attention to how the water in the pool is disinfected. The method of disinfection should be safe for the future mother.
In chlorinated water, women in the best position not to swim, this is worth paying attention to when choosing a swimming pool. It is best to have flowing or sea water in it.
Modern pools, as a rule, have alternative ways of water disinfection with means that do not contain chlorine. These systems are based on ozone, ultraviolet, it is also possible to use ionizing plants or oxygen-containing reagents.
In a swimming institution in pregnant women, as with ordinary visitors, you must necessarily ask for a certificate of health from the kozhvendispansera.
Benefits of swimming for pregnant women
Swimming is very beneficial for a person, and for future mothers and fetuses this benefit is double. Water procedures have a positive effect on the body of the mother and her baby. So, how good is swimming for pregnant women? When practicing in the pool, you can observe such changes as:
- strengthening the musculature of the body;
- increase the endurance of the body to the load (this is useful during labor);
- improvement of blood circulation, elimination of blood stagnation in the lower extremities and pelvic organs;
- the load is removed from the lumbar spine;
- breathing system is trained;
- increases the possibility that the child will take the correct position in the womb.
Apparently, swimming for pregnant women is good for all the systems of their body and the health of the future baby.
During the visit to the pool, not only the body and spirit are strengthened, but also the immunity rises. Water procedures are known to harden, and pregnant women are vulnerable to infections of a different nature. Thus, additional stimulation of the body to develop immunity is another plus.
As with any physical activity, swimming in the swimming pool may be contraindicated for pregnant women. The benefits and harms of training may depend on the individual characteristics of each woman in the position and her state of health. This, as a rule, can be a threat of termination of pregnancy. In this case, the woman will be shown bed rest, and the classes should be postponed until the restoration is complete.
There are a number of diseases that are contraindications to swimming:
- manifestation of toxicosis;
- threat of abortion;
- abdominal pain;
- instability of pressure;
- exacerbation of a chronic disease;
- placenta previa;
- infectious diseases of the genitourinary system;
- an allergic reaction to the components of the disinfectant in water;
- infection of a different nature.
Before visiting the swimming pool, consult your doctor.
Occupation in the pool at different times of pregnancy
Swimming exercises are useful throughout pregnancy. You can begin to practice in the pool at any time, but it is better to start this useful process in the first weeks. Swimming in the pool for pregnant women is also not too late to start, if there are no contraindications and your doctor knows about your decision.
- In the first trimester, you can start from 20 minutes, a couple of times a day.
- In the second trimester, there is no need to shorten the time of classes. Despite the fact that the fetus grows, swimming has only a favorable effect on the body. In this case, the ligaments and muscles do not feel increased loads in the water.
- The third trimester is not a contraindication. Swimming improves mood, relieves fatigue and trains the respiratory system, as well as the entire body to future loads during childbirth. It is worth thinking about buying a more free swimsuit.
Swimming for pregnant women with dolphins, or, as they are called, "dolphin therapy of expectant mothers", is a kind of meditation that exerts a positive influence on the psychosomatic state of the future mother. Dolphins are known to animals that have a unique ability to recognize the state of pregnancy in women from the very first days. They treat the future mother carefully, supporting it in the water. This mammal will never touch the stomach and will not cause discomfort or pain.
Dolphin therapy, according to the latest research of scientists, is useful because dolphins during the bath with pregnant women produce ultrasound signals, which, in turn, have a beneficial effect on the mother and child. Such waves can prevent the onset of heart defects in the fetus, as well as a number of deviations in the development of the future baby. For example, the formation of hearing organs in a baby is better under the influence of "ultrasonic songs" of dolphins. Also swimming of pregnant women with dolphins is beneficial for the psychological state of the mother. The anxiety decreases, the mood improves, the muscular tension and general overexcitation are removed. The future mother becomes more calm, confident and not burdened by negative thoughts and emotions.
Aqua aerobics is the practice of water fitness accompanied by rhythmic music. Such physical training is the best kind of load on the body to prepare for childbirth. Aqua aerobics promotes the flow of vigor, health and mood.
When training in water, all muscles experience stress, while the aqueous medium facilitates them. Fitness swimming for pregnant women contains exercises with light or light weight, so you should not worry much.
During water aerobics, the body is actively saturated with oxygen, and the cardiac system begins to work harder, dispersing blood throughout the body. Thus, the fetus receives vital microelements and oxygen in the required amount. This contributes to its proper development and excludes the occurrence of pathology. During the active activity of the mother, the baby also moves and strengthens her body.
Exercises on the water
Pregnant women should adhere to a certain program, such recommendations are given by experienced coaches. In the pool there can be special courses - swimming for pregnant women. Exercises in this case will be matched appropriately.
Begin your studies on the water surface with light and easy lessons. For example, it can be stretching exercises. It is done by turning to face the sides and the wall of the pool. During the session, the future mother tries to sit on the so-called longitudinal or transverse twine. Exercises of this kind do not require fulfillment according to all the rules, you only need to try to accomplish it with maximum comfort for yourself.
Standing next to the side, you can make turns in different directions. These can be exercises with bent legs, various squats in the water, the so-called "bicycle" with turns and other similar exercises.
Ability to relax will be useful to the future mother during labor. After all, between fights, a woman should be able to rest. Also, this course of training makes it possible to relieve tension from the back. You can just lie on the water, stretching your arms in different directions, or accompany the exercises with respiratory gymnastics. Learn to relax, lying on the water surface and swaying on the waves.
If there are other pregnant women in the pool, group activities can be organized. You can, for example, play in a kind of "trickle". All the participants stand in a row and spread their legs wide. Then each future mother swims along an improvised tunnel in turn. Such exercises can be done if a woman has an excellent health status.
The swimming pool is an excellent place for training the respiratory system. Exercises for proper breathing can be performed in a group or singly. You can hold your breath for a few seconds. Such an exercise will help in childbirth and prepare the baby's organism for the possibility of delaying or reducing the flow of oxygen. Such situations can occur during labor and passing the baby through the birth canal.
Each performed exercise or simple swimming for pregnant women is the best kind of exercise. It is better to begin with simple exercises, the performance of which is designed for short periods of time, gradually increasing their intensity. If any actions in the water cause discomfort, you must stop and rest.
Requirements for water quality in the pool
According to the rules, the air temperature should be 2-3 degrees above the water temperature. This ratio is optimally comfortable when leaving the pool on land. In this case, the temperature indicators of water for swimming by pregnant women are 21-26 degrees Celsius.
As a rule, the water in the basin is subject to systematic cleaning and disinfection. But for pregnant women some formulations of cleaning compounds can be harmful. So, for example, means containing chlorine are contraindicated during pregnancy, and future mothers should avoid them. Modern mixtures for water sanitation in pools contain silver ions, oxygen compounds and other harmless and non-toxic components. There are also systems for ultraviolet water purification. Such methods of disinfection do not change the composition of the liquid and, therefore, do not cause allergic reactions in the visitors. They do not have toxic effects on their bodies, which means they provide safe swimming for pregnant women.
In Minsk, for example, in all basins all standards and standards for water quality are maintained, and its temperature regime is strictly observed. That is why the basins of the capital of Belarus are the best place, providing comfortable swimming for pregnant women. Krasnodar in this respect, too, is no exception. In the city, each pool undergoes careful monitoring systematically.
In conclusion, it can be noted that a woman who is preparing to become a mother can visit the pool throughout her pregnancy. The exception is the period of deterioration of the state of health of the future mother and the prohibition of doctors. Observing all the rules of behavior on the water and adhering to the training program prepared by the trainer, you can be sure that swimming is safe for a woman in position and her future baby.
If the future mother chose classes in the pool as a kind of exercise in this interesting period, then she did the right thing. After all, as is now known, swimming for pregnant women is a benefit for the mother and child. Such pursuits will not pass in vain and will be able to prepare the female body for all the tests and stresses that it will encounter during childbirth. And this can be ruptured tissue of the small pelvis, ligaments or strong pain. Breathing exercises on the water will prepare the lungs and set them up for proper functioning during childbirth. That is why, in the absence of contraindications, swimming in the pool is a great way to prepare your body and keep it in shape.