How to get a "Veteran of Labor" in the Russian Federation: all the nuances that you need to know
Many people who have worked diligently all their lives have the right to receive the title "Veteran of Labor". However, quite often they face some difficulties, the overcoming of which we will discuss in this article. Sometimes, in order to prove that a person can call himself a "Labor Veteran of the Russian Federation", he even has to apply for help in court. But it happens quite rarely. If a person deserves to get the appropriate medal, she will be handed to him in any case.
From the history…
Even in the USSR, the first veterans of labor appeared. They could be employees of any industry. To name a person "Veteran of Labor", the record should have been taken into account first. The duration of labor activity for men was to be at least 25 years, and for women - 20. At the same time, it did not matter who received what salary.
The first medal appeared in 1974. Then the recipient of such an award automatically acquired the appropriate title. That is, he was awarded the rank of veteran of the whole USSR.
After 20 years, in 1995, the federal law "On Veterans" was adopted. He played an important role in history. Since then, the receipt of the "Veteran of Labor" has become an event of a Russian scale. Such a title could be awarded to people who had previously been awarded orders or medals. Also to receive this honorable award could workers having sufficient experience.
On the basis of what can be awarded the title?
The Ministry of Labor has drawn up a long list of grounds on which the appropriation of the "Veteran of Labor" can take place. These are various signs, diplomas, and much more. This also included the privileges granted to each benefit recipient. How to get a "Veteran of Labor", excites everyone, because this award gives many advantages.
Why do I need the title "Veteran of Labor"?
The fact is that thanks to him, a person has a lot of benefits. Each region separately sets for veterans of labor certain privileges in accordance with its capabilities.
For example, in Moscow, there are the following benefits for such people:
- free travel on any type of public transport;
- 50% discount for all utilities;
- prosthetics for teeth are free of charge (except for gold ones);
- monetary compensation for the payment of telephone communications;
- providing free vouchers to various sanatoria located in any part of the Russian Federation;
- obtaining the appropriate title.
Federal or regional?
Until 2005, the award was presented on behalf of the federal government. However, after the law of August 22, 2004, this changed. The people called the new position "the abolition of benefits."
Now the design of the Veteran of Labor takes place at the regional level, as a result of which such people have become regional exempts rather than all-Russian ones.
Therefore, after 2005, the order and conditions on which this title is conferred are determined by the subjects of the Russian Federation. In addition, they set up measures to support veterans from a social point of view.
However, among the all-Russian beneficiaries there were people who passed the war: invalids, heroes of the Union, Russia, blockade. Payments for them are made from the federal budget.
Regional beneficiaries, in addition to veterans of labor, include victims of political repression, workers of the rear and others. Their situation is worse than federal. Currently, they are under the auspices of regional actors. Here, the amount of compensation is determined. The amount of payment depends on the material state of the area.
It would be fair if regional beneficiaries once again became known as federal. They would be given a 50% discount on all utilities, which is very important these days. Treatment of such people should be carried out completely free of charge. They also do not have to pay for public transport. However, after the entry into force of the 2005 law, all these privileges were reduced. Currently, there are about 15 million beneficiaries in the Russian Federation. That is why this issue is not solved, because it can lead to the fact that the state will lose a lot of money. However, many regions hardly finance their beneficiaries, as a result of which compensation for them is scanty.
Each area should take care of veterans. This independence has received various responses in different regions. In some areas, every second veteran of labor "suffered". The award is given only to those who received this title before the appearance of the new law. However, in several areas everything has remained the same as before.
What problems arise?
In various regions of Russia, various departmental marks of distinction in labor are assessed in different ways. In this case, a lot of disputes arise, which are very difficult to resolve. Some subjects have significantly reduced the list of awards for which a medal can be obtained. At the same time in other localities, the category of persons, called rationalizers and inventors, is also taken into account.
Receiving a reward
How to get a "Veteran of Labor" is of interest to many. However, this is not so easy. The fact is that it is not always possible to easily find out for which awards or signs this title is assigned. Therefore, many write letters to their regional manager.
For example, some people who received the title of "Honorary Donor" apply for help, because they do not know if it is enough to become holders of an honorable medal. In this case, you can contact the health centers where the blood was taken.
If you are patient, you can try to repeat the so-called "feat" of people who, back in 1987, became holders of the letter of the Central Committee of the CPSU through the achievement of the best results in the competition dedicated to the seventieth anniversary of the Great October Socialist Revolution. How to receive the award "Veteran of Labor", they know firsthand. They were awarded the medal only after several years. First, residents of rural and urban areas appealed for help to the department of social protection of the population. Here they wrote a statement asking them to be included in the list of persons to be awarded the title. However, not everyone accepted the documents. Then they did not take into account that their reading and writing is a sign of distinction throughout the territory of the USSR. In addition, they were awarded on behalf of the Council of Ministers of the USSR, despite the fact that the medal was awarded by regional bodies. Therefore, district prosecutors sent applications to the courts stating that the activities of the social protection departments are illegal. Thus, after a few years people still received the coveted award. As you can see, in some cases it is necessary to go a long way before becoming a medal holder.
Who has the right to a reward
How to receive a "Veteran of Labor", the following categories of workers may be interested in and expect a positive result:
- Persons who were awarded orders or medals, have certain titles of the USSR or the Russian Federation, sufficient work experience or insignia.
- Persons who started working before the age of 18 during the war. Their work experience should be at least 45 years for men, and 40 - for women. Although such people now remain, of course, very little.
How to get a "Veteran of Labor": tips
If you think that you have all chances to get a medal, then you can do it at a fairly young age. That is, to become the owner of the Veteran of Labor award, the record of service matters, but if you have the opportunity to get it without it, you do not have to wait until the retirement age. An applicant for a medal must file an application with the social protection body. It is registered in the area where a person lives.
Necessarily will be awarded to persons who have honorable medals, orders and titles of the USSR. People with badges for good, conscientious work should submit a certificate of work experience. Nobody can get a reward without a passport and work record.
If an application is approved in your area, it will pass to the executive authority of the Russian Federation. Here they will decide whether you will be awarded. If you are refused, you will find out about it. Notification will come to your local social protection authority, after which you will also be informed of the result. As a rule, the executive power indicates the reasons why the award is not possible.
How to get a "Veteran of Labor" without additional rewards
In some regions, this title may have persons who do not have any additional awards. In this case, it is necessary to have only the relevant work experience (for men - 45 years, and for women - 40). In addition, you need to live in a certain subject of the Russian Federation a sufficient amount of time (more than 15 years).
What a pity…
A few years ago, companies and small enterprises gave priority to labor veterans for work. Unfortunately, today everything has changed for such people.
Veterans of labor are less and less in demand in our country because of a number of factors. The main reason is that they have certain privileges and privileges, therefore, accordingly, their salary should be slightly higher than that of persons without this title. In addition, many believe that people who have worked for more than 30 years in some area, will not be able to start their activities in another area. According to the widespread opinion of employers, they will be less "given to work."
In large corporations, there is no such problem. However, not everyone can get a job in such a company, as people are recruited to very high standards.
Until now, it is not clear what attitude the title has to accepting a person to work. But, alas, such a problem exists. The task of people is to show employers that the general skills and disciplines acquired in the course of long-term activity can be an invaluable asset for the company.